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Malaria in the New-born as Seen at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital: A Retrospective Review
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 13-17
Received: May 19, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2017; Published: Aug. 9, 2017
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Authors
Yaguo-Ide Lucy Eberechukwu, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Awopeju Abimbola Temitayo Oluwajenyo, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
Malaria has continued to be an endemic disease of the tropics and subtropics. Malaria in the newborn is a global public health challenge with a high mortality rate in developing countries. A descriptive retrospective study over a 5 years period (2006-2011) conducted at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Information on Socio-demographic data, malaria parasite laboratory result and clinical information were retrieved from the medical microbiology departmental result registry. There was an overall 61% prevalence of malaria in neonates over the five years period with severe malaria occurring in 2.94% of them. Yearly Prevalence of malaria from 2006 to 2008 was 87.66%, 43.83%, and 70.74% respectively. There was about twelve percent decline in prevalence of malaria between 2009 and 2011 from 69.62% to 57.78% The study demonstrated a high prevalence of malaria in newborn in southern Nigeria, necessitating a need for high index of suspicion, early diagnosis, prompt and appropriate treatment to prevent neonatal mortality.
Keywords
Newborn, Neonate Malaria Parasitemia Prevalence, Severity, Preventive, Port Harcourt
To cite this article
Yaguo-Ide Lucy Eberechukwu, Awopeju Abimbola Temitayo Oluwajenyo, Malaria in the New-born as Seen at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital: A Retrospective Review, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2017, pp. 13-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20170303.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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