The Influence of Urbanization, Population Age Groups and Trade on Energy Consumption in Nigeria: An Empirical Analysis
International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2018, Pages: 38-44
Received: Jul. 13, 2018; Accepted: Oct. 31, 2018; Published: Dec. 4, 2018
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Eugene Iheanacho, Department of Economics, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
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This study examines the influence of urbanization, population age groups (15-64 and 65 and above) and international trade on energy consumption in Nigeria using ARDL cointegration analysis and the direction of causality between the variables using VECM Granger causality framework over the period 1971-2013. The influence of trade openness and urbanization on energy consumption in the long run is found to be positive and significant. Working (ages, 15-64) and old and retired (ages, 65 and above) population age groups are found to be influencing the level of energy consumption differently. While the size of old and retired population group (ages 65 and above) causes the level of energy consumption to decrease, the size of the working population (ages 15-64) causes the level of energy consumption to increase. These results could be a guide to policy makers in analysing the energy requirements of the Nigerian economy and for appropriate energy policies required to mitigate environmental issues related to the consumption of fossil fuels.
ARDL, Energy Consumption, VECM Granger Causality Framework, Nigeria, Population Age Groups, Trade Openness, Urbanization
To cite this article
Eugene Iheanacho, The Influence of Urbanization, Population Age Groups and Trade on Energy Consumption in Nigeria: An Empirical Analysis, International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2018, pp. 38-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20180305.11
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