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Monetary Policy and Inflation Targeting in Nigeria: The Need for Monetary-Fiscal Coordination
American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Business
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 37-46
Received: Sep. 27, 2020; Accepted: Oct. 12, 2020; Published: Oct. 21, 2020
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Christopher Nyong Ekong, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Ubong Edem Effiong, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
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This paper examined the effectiveness of a monetary-fiscal coordination in inflation targeting in Nigeria for the period 1985 to 2019. The study got its inspiration from the monetarist assertion that inflation is strictly a monetary phenomenon. Data were obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and the World Bank database on World Development Indicators. The study employed the Augmented Dickey-Fuller unit root test, ARDL bounds test for cointegration, and the Error Correction Mechanism (ECM). The unit root test revealed that the variables were stationary at mixed order of level I(0) and first difference I(1). This mixed order made us to employ the ARDL Bounds test for cointegration and the result indicated that there is a long run relationship. The Error Correction Mechanism revealed that 55.4% of the short run disequilibrium is corrected annually. Meanwhile, the study revealed that both monetary policy channels and fiscal policy significantly influence inflation both in the long run and in the short run. The paper concludes by stating that there is a need for a sound monetary-fiscal coordination in the Nigerian economy if the fight against inflation is to be won hence, inflation should not only be viewed as a monetary phenomenon.
Monetary-Fiscal Coordination, Inflation Targeting, Monetary Policy Rate, Liquidity Ratio, ECM
To cite this article
Christopher Nyong Ekong, Ubong Edem Effiong, Monetary Policy and Inflation Targeting in Nigeria: The Need for Monetary-Fiscal Coordination, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Business. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 37-46. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtab.20200603.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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