HIV Infection Testing and Service Delivery of One Accredited Treatment Center in Cameroon
International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science
Volume 6, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages: 53-61
Received: Sep. 2, 2020; Accepted: Oct. 6, 2020; Published: Oct. 13, 2020
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Authors
Serge Bruno Ebong, Laboratory of Physiology and Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Calixte Ida Penda, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Accredited HIV Care Center of Laquintinie Hospital of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Laboratory of Parasitology, Mycology and Virology, Postgraduate Training Unit for Health Sciences, Postgraduate School for Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Juste Patient Mbébi Enoné, Laboratory of Physiology and Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Patricia Epee Eboumbou, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Laboratory of Parasitology, Mycology and Virology, Postgraduate Training Unit for Health Sciences, Postgraduate School for Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Madeleine Mbangue, Biological Laboratory, Laquintinie Hospital of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Samuel Honore Mandengue, Laboratory of Physiology and Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Carole Else Eboumbou Moukoko, Biological Sciences Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Laboratory of Parasitology, Mycology and Virology, Postgraduate Training Unit for Health Sciences, Postgraduate School for Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Center Pasteur of Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon
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Abstract
Effectiveness of Anonymous and free Voluntary Counseling and Testing (AVCT) Centers in the HIV prevention and care can be threatened by a low use of its service delivery, especially in developing countries. This study was designed to obtain reliable data on the current state of the quality of the services and, evaluate the factors that are associated with use of one Accredited HIV/AIDS Treatment Center (AHTC). A cross-sectional and prospective study was conducted among adults attending the AHTC of the Douala Laquintinie Hospital (DLH), Cameroon. Anonymous interviews including both open and closed ended questions were conducted in participants selected by convenience sampling. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were performed using StataSE11 software (version 11 SE) in data analysis. Overall 80 (64%) of 125 adult volunteers for HIV testing reported that the reception at AHTC was excellent and 69.6% (80/115) of those who underwent the pre-test and among them, 49.6% were satisfied with the pre-test. Less than half of the participants were explained the merits of HIV testing. The interview was conducted in a confidential framework in 60% of those who underwent the pre-test and, 41.7% explained the merits of HIV testing. Among the 10 evaluated minimal items that the provider should have addressed, less than 6 items were done in 66.9% of the participants and between 9 and 10 items for 11.3%. Informed consent agreement was obtained in 89.60% of volunteers. Knowledge of HIV status was more reported among men than women who reported more requesting the HIV testing for prevention strategies for an exclusive sexual relation (p=0.038). The prevalence of HIV infection was 25.6% and, primary education remained significantly associated with higher risk of HIV infection in multivariate analysis (OR=0.11; IC95%=0.015-0.72; p=0.022). These results highlight the important of the appropriate sensibilization for the responsible implementation of the pretest counseling steps by health care providers in the AHTC of the DLH.
Keywords
HIV, Anonymous and Free Voluntary Counseling and Testing, Quality of the Services, Cameroon
To cite this article
Serge Bruno Ebong, Calixte Ida Penda, Juste Patient Mbébi Enoné, Patricia Epee Eboumbou, Madeleine Mbangue, Samuel Honore Mandengue, Carole Else Eboumbou Moukoko, HIV Infection Testing and Service Delivery of One Accredited Treatment Center in Cameroon, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 53-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20200602.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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