Analysis of Core Entrepreneurial Competencies of College Students - Empirical Research Based on Hierarchical Analysis
Higher Education Research
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 16-25
Received: Jan. 30, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 20, 2019; Published: May 6, 2019
Views 242      Downloads 37
Authors
You Zhensheng, School of Foreign Languages and Cultures, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China
Yang Liu, Research Center for Preschool Education Development, Shaanxi Xueqian Normal University, Xi’an, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
College entrepreneurial talents are the potential power of entrepreneurial activity, and their core competencies have directly decisive impacts on entrepreneurship. Based on literature research, this paper constructs core competencies of entrepreneurial talents from four dimensions, namely, entrepreneurial awareness, entrepreneurial knowledge, entrepreneurial ability and entrepreneurial quality. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis are used to verify the dimension of scale and analytic hierarchy process is applied to explore the importance of each core competency. It is found that college entrepreneurial talents are weak in entrepreneurial awareness and unfaithful in entrepreneurial attitude, that their entrepreneurial ability and quality are heavily weighted but of low level, that they develop in a balanced way as a whole and have abundant entrepreneurial knowledge after comparing the core competencies of college entrepreneurial talents with those of entrepreneurs by using the questionnaire survey. Therefore, colleges and universities should carry out tribulations training, organize entrepreneurs to exchange their entrepreneurial experiences with students, implement entrepreneurial education, promote entrepreneurial practice, implement entrepreneurial policies and provide opportunities for entrepreneurship.
Keywords
College Entrepreneurial Talents, Successful Entrepreneurs, Core Competencies
To cite this article
You Zhensheng, Yang Liu, Analysis of Core Entrepreneurial Competencies of College Students - Empirical Research Based on Hierarchical Analysis, Higher Education Research. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 16-25. doi: 10.11648/j.her.20190401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
The Number of Students in Higher Education Schools and Institutions [R/OL]. The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China (MOE), [2017-08-24]. http://www.moe.edu.cn/s78/A03/moe_560/jytjsj_2016/2016_qg/201708/t20170822_311603.html.
[2]
Michaels Institute. Employment Report of Chinese College Students in 2018 [M]. Beijing: Social Science Literature Press, 2018.
[3]
Roth, W. M. & Jornet, A. Understanding Educational Psychology [M]. Bern: Springer, 2017.
[4]
Robert, D. H., Michael, P. P., & Dean, A. S. Entrepreneurship: Starting, Developing, and Managing a New Enterprise [M]. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 2005.
[5]
Partnership For 21st Century Skills. Framework for 21st Century Learning [EB/OL]. [2016-04-05]. http://www.p21.org/our-work/p21-framework.
[6]
Release of Core Competencies of Chinese Student Development, People's Daily, September 14, 2016, edition 12.
[7]
Bienkowska, D., & Klofsten, M. Creating entrepreneurial networks: academic entrepreneurship, mobility and collaboration during PhD education [J]. Higher Education, 2012, 64 (2): 207–222.
[8]
Kaur, H. & Bains, A. Understanding the Concept of Entrepreneur Competency [J]. Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research. 2013, 2 (11): 31-33.
[9]
Autio, E., George, G., & Alexy, O. International entrepreneurship and capability development—qualitative evidence and future research directions [J]. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 2011, 35 (1): 11–37.
[10]
Rasmussen & Wright, M. How can universities facilitate academic spin-offs? An entrepreneurial competency perspective [J]. The Journal of Technology Transfer. 2015, 40 (5): 782–799.
[11]
Fuller, A. W., & Rothaermel, F. T. When stars shine: The effects of faculty founders on new technology ventures [J]. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 2012, 6 (3): 220–235.
[12]
Jiang Baowei, kong Qing. Study on Improvement of Entrepreneurial Quality of College Students Based on Iceberg Model [J]. Education Review, 2016, (9): 80-84.
[13]
Lei Lei. Applied Linguistics Study Design and Statistics [M]. Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press, 2016: 191.
[14]
WU Minglong. Structural Equation Model -- Operation and Application of AMOS [M]. Chongqing: Chongqing University Press, 2011: 212.
[15]
Fan Liming. Core Competencies of Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Theoretical Research and Practical Exploration -- A Case Study of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics [J]. China Higher Education Research, 2016, (10): 83-87.
[16]
Yu Shasha. Education Strategy Research on College Students' Entrepreneurship Awareness --A Case Study of Universities in Beijing [D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2014.
[17]
Ilmi, W. The Problems of ‘Competency’ and Alternatives from the Scandinavian Perspective of Bildung [J]. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2015, 47 (3): 335.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186