Biomedical Statistics and Informatics
Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 1-6
Received: Feb. 23, 2018;
Accepted: Apr. 18, 2018;
Published: May 9, 2018
Views 1319 Downloads 121
Yihenew Mitiku, Department of Statistics, College of Natural & Computational Science, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia
Demeke Kiffle, Department of Statistics, College of Natural & Computational Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Dinberu Siyoum, Department of Statistics, College of Natural & Computational Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Belay Birlie, Department of Statistics, College of Natural & Computational Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Age at marriage is of particular interest because it marks the transition to adulthood in many societies; the point at which certain options in education, employment, and participation in society are foreclosed. This study aimed to investigate demographic and socioeconomic factors affecting age at first marriage in Ethiopian women. The data source used for the analysis was the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey, which is country representative survey. The study considered 10,417 women aged 15-49 years from nine regions and one city administration. Accelerated failure time model was used for identifying factors associated with age at first marriage. The median time for age at first marriage was 17 years (95% CI: 16.90, 17.10). Based on Akaike’s information criterion (AIC) the Log-logistic accelerated failure time model was found to be the best model in describing the age at first marriage among other candidate models. The result based on this model showed that region, women’s educational level, wealth index and religion significantly affect timing of first marriage. Women who had secondary and higher education prolonged time-to-first marriage by the factor of ɸ =1.42 and ɸ =1.46, respectively. Women from Oromia, Somali, SNNP and Dire Dawa have prolonged time to age at first marriage by ɸ=1.02, ɸ=1.05, ɸ=1.08, and ɸ=1.09 respectively. However, women from Amhara region (ɸ =0.89), Benishangul-Gumuz region (ɸ =0.95) and Gambela region (ɸ =0.95) had a significantly higher risk of early first marriage compared to their counterparts in the Tigray region. The acceleration factors for middle wealth index and rich are 0.99 and 0.98 respectively using poor household reference. This implied that poor household women have longer time-to-age at first marriage. Improving girls and young women access to education is important for rising the women’s age at first marriage, which is vital for empowering them and enhancing their participation in any sector.
Determinants of Time to First Marriage Among Rural Women in Ethiopia, Biomedical Statistics and Informatics.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-6.
Abdallah, B. A. (201l): Girl Child Marriage and Women Development in Nigeria: Contemporary Issues”, Journal of Development and Psychology 14(9): pp.248-259.
Adebowel A., Fagbamigbe A., Okareh O. and Lawal O. (2012). Survival Analysis of Timing of First Marriage among Women of Reproductive age in Nigeria: African Journal of Reproductive Health.
Agaba. P, Atuhaire. L. K, Rutaremwa. G (2011), Determinants of Age at First Marriage among women in Western Uganda. SSAE, Makerere University, Uganda.
Bayisenge, J. (2012): “Early Marriage as a Barrier to Girl’s Education: A Developmental Challenge in Africa”, Journal of Social Psychology 12(6): pp. 23-48.
Blossfeld Hans-Peter, Jaeniches Ursula. (1992). Educational Expansion and Changes in Women’s Entry into Marriage and Motherhood in the Federal Republic of Germany, Journal of Marriage and the Family 54 (2):302-315.
Central Statistical Authority and ORC Macro. (2001). Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2000. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Authority and ORC Macro.
Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro. (2006). Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2005. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro.
Central Statistical Agency, (2011). Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Clark, S. (2004). “Early Marriage and HIV Risks in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Studies in Family Planning, 35(3), 149 160. [Online]. Available: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15511059.
Cox, D. R. (1972). Regression Models and Life Tables (with discussion), Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, 34(2).
Erulkar, A. (2013). Early marriage, marital relations and intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(1), pp.6-13.
Haloi, A. and Limbu, D. K. (2013). Socio-economic factors influencing age at first marriage of Muslim women of a remote population from North East India, Antrocom Online
Hoq, M. (2013). Regional differentials in age at first marriage among women in Bangladesh, Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 2 (2)76-83.
Ikamari LD, (2005). The effect of Education on the Timing of Marriage in Kenya. Demographic Research volume 12, article 1, pp 1-28: Feb. 2005.
Jones GW (2007). “Delayed Marriage and Very Low Fertility in Pacific Asia.” Popul. Dev. Rev., 33(3): 453-478.
Kamal S. M. Mostafa (2011). Socio-Economic Determinants of Age at First Marriage of the Ethnic Tribal Women in Bangladesh, Asian Population studies.
Kaplan, E. L. and Meir, P. (1958). Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. Journalof the American Statistical Association, 58(282):457-481.
Lesthaeghe R, Kaufmann G, Meekers D (1989). The Nuptiality regimes in sub- Saharan Africa. in Lesthaeghe, R. (ed) Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa, University Of California Press, Berkeley.
Lung Vu (2009). Age at first marriage in Vietnam: Trends and determinants. Paper presented at Population Association of America (PAA), April 30- May 2.
Mensch Barbara S., Suchela Singh, and John B. casterline. (2005). Trends in the Timing of First Marriage Among Men and Women in The Developing World. Population council, No. 202.
National Committee on Traditional Practices of Ethiopia. (2003). Ethiopia harmful traditional practices: Old beyond imaginings Addis Ababa.
National Research Council and Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (NRC-IOM).2005. Growing Up Global: The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. Ed. Cynthia B. Lloyd. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. New York.
Palamuleni. E. Martin, (2011). Socioeconomic determinants of age at first marriage in Malawi. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology vol. 3(7), pp224-235.
Population Council (2004). Supporting Married Girls: Calling Attention to a Neglected Group.
Population Council, (2002). Background document prepared for working group on Girls, United Nations Special Session on Children, 10 may, New York.
Tezera A. (2013). Determinants of Early Marriage among Women in Ethiopia.
United Nations, (2000). World Marriage Patterns. New York: Population Division.
Wienke, A. (2011). Frailty Models in Survival data. Chapman and Hall, New York, 1 edition.