Please enter verification code
Population Growth and Land Use Land Cover Change Scenario in Ethiopia
International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 77-85
Received: Mar. 14, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 18, 2020; Published: Aug. 13, 2020
Views 182      Downloads 83
Agumassie Genet, Department of General Forestry, Debre Markos University, Burie Campus, Burie, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Land use and land cover change (LULC) is widespread, accelerating, and significant processes driven by human actions but also producing changes that impact humans. These changes can alter the availability of different biophysical resources including soil, vegetation, water, animal feed and finally it leads to a decreased availability of different products and services for human, livestock, agricultural production and damage to the environment as well. Understanding land use land cover change with relation to population growth at various scales is vital for development of management strategies to tackle further decline of natural resources. In connection to this, a seminar paper was done to assess the relationship between population growth and land use land cover change in Ethiopia. Recently published articles, books, proceedings, dissertations and government reports were used as a secondary data source for this review paper. The result reveals that in Ethiopia there were considerable LULC changes in the second half of 20th century particularly in the highland part of the country. Forest and woodlands coverage of the country was declined from 40% in the early 20th century to 15%. Similarly, the population was rapidly growing from 41.2 million in 1985 to 63.5 million in 2000 and it was reached 96.6 million in 2015. Based on these results it can be concluded that, LULC change and population change have a strong relationship; as population increases the need for cultivated land, grazing land, fuel wood; settlement areas also increases to meet the growing demand for food and energy, and livestock population. Similarly, rapid population growth exerts pressure on the existing land resources through increasing the demand for food, wood for fuel and construction purposes, and other necessities.
Population Growth, Land Use/Land Cover, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Agumassie Genet, Population Growth and Land Use Land Cover Change Scenario in Ethiopia, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 77-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20200804.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
McFalls, J. and A. Joseph, Population: a lively introduction. Journal of Population Bulletin, 2003. 58 (4): p. 1-40.
Haub, C. and T. Kaneda, World Population Data Sheet. Population Reference Bureau. 2014.
PAI, A. a., Population Dynamics, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Africa. Nirobi, Kenya: Population Action International and African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) and Population Action International (PAI). 2012.
Arowolo, O. O., Country Case Study: Ethiopia. Centre for Global Development., 2010. 3: p. 2015.
CSA, Statistical Abstract. 2004, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Addis Ababa.
Division, U. N. P., World Urbanization Prospects: The 2009 Revision. 2010, UN Population Division New York, NY.
Ellis, E., Land use and land cover change. Encyclopedia of Earth. 2007.
Hunter, L. M., The Environmental Implications of Population Dynamics. 2000, Santa Monica.
FAO, Classification Concepts and User Manual. In Land Cover Classification System. 2000.
Agarwal, C., et al., A review and assessment of land-use change models: dynamics of space, time, and human choice. 2002. 297.
Goldewijk, K. K. and N. Ramankutty, Land cover change over the last three centuries due to human activities: The availability of new global data sets. GeoJournal, 2004. 61 (4): p. 335-344.
Gashaw, T., et al., Evaluation and prediction of land use/land cover changes in the Andassa watershed, Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Environmental Systems Research, 2017. 6 (1): p. 17.
Bewket, W., Land cover dynamics since the 1950s in Chemoga watershed, Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia. Journal of Mountain Research, 2002. 22 (3): p. 263-270.
Gebrehiwot, S. G., et al., Forest cover change over four decades in the Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia: comparison of three watersheds. Regional Environmental Change, 2014. 14 (1): p. 253-266.
Zeleke, G. and H. Hurni, Implications of land use and land cover dynamics for mountain resource degradation in the Northwestern Ethiopian highlands. Mountain research development, 2001. 21 (2): p. 184-192.
Maitima, J. M., et al., The linkages between land use change, land degradation and biodiversity across East Africa. African Journal of Environmental Science Technology, 2009. 3 (10).
Lambin, E. F., et al., Dynamics of land-use and land-cover change in tropical regions. 2003. 28 (1): p. 205-241.
Agency, C. I., The World Factbook 2012-13. 2013: Central Intelligence Agency.
Wrigley, E. A., Population and history. 1969: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
CSA., Summary Statistical Draft Report of National Population Statistic. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: office of Central Stastitics Autority. 2008.
Markos E, a. D. A., population, Environment, Resource and Sustainable, Hand book on population and family life educationfor secondary school in Ethiopia.: Institute for Curiculum,, 1998: p. p 390.
Cohen, J., How Many People can the Earth Support. 1995, New York: Norton.
Boserup, E., Population and Technological Chang. 1981, Chicago: University of chicago Press.
J, S., The Ultimate Resource. priceton: Princeton University. 1996.
Sydenstricker-Neto, J., Population and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: a mediating perspective and a mixed-method analysis. Journal of Population Environment, 2012. 34 (1): p. 86-112.
MacKellar, F. L., W. Lutz, C. Prinz, and A. Goujon., population, Households, and CO2 Emissions. Population and Development, 21 (4), 1995: p. 850-860.
Daniel, A. M., Remote sensing and GIs-based Land use and land cover change detection in the upper Dijo river catchment, Silte zone, southern Ethiopia. Unpublished MA Thesis, 2008.
Wolman, M. G., Population, Land Use and Environment: A Long History. 1983, Washington:: National Academy Press.
Theodore, P., Population and Environmen. CID Working Paper No. 2000: p. 54- 66.
Herold, M. L., J. S., DiGregorio, A. and Schmullius, C. C., Envolving Standard in the land cover characterization. Jornal of land use science, 2006: p. 157-168.
Quentin, F. B., Jim, C., Julia, C., Carole, H., and Andrew, S., (2006). Drivers of land use change. melbourne, Australia. 2006.
Ellis, E. a., Land use and land cover change. Encyclopedia of Earth. 2007.
Tefera, M. M., Land-use/land-cover dynamics in Nonno district, central Ethiopia. Journal of Sustainable development in Africa, 2011. 13 (1): p. 123-141.
Daniel Mengistu, W. B., and Rattan Lal, Soil Erosion Hazard Under the Current and potential climate change induced loss of soil organic matter in the upper Blue Nile river basin, Ethiopia. Sustainable Intensification to Advance Food Securityand Enhance Climate Resilience in Africa, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-09360-4_7, 2015.
Badege, B., Deforestation and Land Degradation in the Ethiopian Highlands. A Strategy for Physical Recovery. 2005.
Mekonnen, A. and A. Damte, Private trees as household assets and determinants of tree-growing behavior in rural Ethiopia. 2011.
Kindu, M., et al., Land use/land cover change analysis using object-based classification approach in Munessa-Shashemene landscape of the Ethiopian highlands. Journal of Remote Sensing, 2013. 5 (5): p. 2411-2435.
Alemayehu, M., Synthesis of research on LULC dynamics in the Ethiopian highlands. un published MA thesis, 2010.
Geist, H. J. and E. F. Lambin, Proximate Causes and Underlying Driving Forces of Tropical DeforestationTropical forests are disappearing as the result of many pressures, both local and regional, acting in various combinations in different geographical locations. BioScience, 2002. 52 (2): p. 143-150.
Mekonen, D., GIS And Remote Sensing Based Assessment of the Population Pressure on Land Use/Land Cover Change of Legedadi Catchments Area and Its Impact on the Legedadi Water Reservior, Central Ethiopia. unpublished Msc Thesis, 2016.
Bewket, W. and G. Sterk, Dynamics in land cover and its effect on stream flow in the Chemoga watershed, Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia. Hydrological Processes: An International Journal2005. 19 (2): p. 445-458.
Gebresamuel, G., B. R. Singh, and Ø. Dick, Land-use changes and their impacts on soil degradation and surface runoff of two catchments of Northern Ethiopia. 2010. 60 (3): p. 211-226.
Tekle, K. and L. Hedlund, Land cover changes between 1958 and 1986 in Kalu District, southern Wello, Ethiopia. Mountain research development2000. 20 (1): p. 42-52.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186