American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 136-140
Received: Nov. 19, 2018;
Accepted: Dec. 13, 2018;
Published: Jan. 18, 2019
Views 322 Downloads 36
Yang Lingjie, The Ultrasound Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Sun Guoxiang, The Ultrasound Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Zhang Weiping, The Ultrasound Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Hu Ping, The Anesthesia Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Zheng Lifeng, The Nephrology Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Huang Weikun, The Ultrasound Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Xiao Lei, The Surgery Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Long Jizhi, The Nephrology Department, The 515th Hospital of the PLA, Jiangyin, China
Objective: to investigate the incidence and characteristics of common diseases of seafarers during long voyage, and to put forward relevant treatment schemes for medical security. Methods: to investigate and analyze the incidence of various diseases during the voyage from December 2017 to February 2018 of the crew of a survey ship, to understand the incidence of various diseases during the voyage and analyze the possible causes, and to provide corresponding treatment plans for the incidence of each stage during the voyage, so as to provide scientific basis for the medical support of the survey ship at sea. Results: the survey was conducted on 300 crew members of a survey ship, including 292 men and 8 women, aged 18 to 60, with an average age of 39. The top five diseases in the survey crew during the voyage were upper respiratory tract infection (35.33%), skin disease (22.33%), oral ulcer (14.67%), training injury (14.33%) and gastrointestinal diseases (13.67%). The incidence of upper sensations, skin diseases, oral ulcers and gastrointestinal diseases in the under 30s group was significantly higher than that in the other two age groups (p<0.05), while the incidence of training injuries was mainly concentrated in the 31 - 40s group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: during the voyage, diseases such as upper respiratory tract infections, skin diseases, oral ulcers, training injuries and gastrointestinal tract diseases are more common. Drug stockpiling, prevention and health education of related diseases before voyage should be done well, so as to reduce the incidence of common diseases of seafarers.
Survey and Analysis of Common Diseases about Seafarers on a Voyage, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
Vol. 6, No. 6,
2018, pp. 136-140.
Gu Yingying, Sun Tao, Wang Xin, et al. [J] Analysis of the effect of long-term voyage on blood pressure of hypertensive seafarers and intervention effect [J]. Chinese Journal of Emergency Resuscitation and Disaster Medicine, 2016, 11 (11): 1070-1072.
Yang Lingling, Zhang Xizheng, Shi Huiqi, et al. [J]. Analysis of the impact of long-term voyage on the health of naval personnel and Countermeasures [J]. Journal of Naval Medicine, 2017, 38 (3): 203-206.
Bao Jun. Psychological intervention of navy officers and men during long voyage mission [J]. Journal of Naval University of engineering, 2010. 7 (3): 49.
Li Na, Shi Licheng, Dai Jiajun. Current status of psychosomatic diseases, influencing factors and management of psychosomatic health of seafarers [J]. Traffic Medicine, 2013, 27 (2): 134-137.
Zhang Huawei, Xu Hui, Zhu Pengyan, et al. Investigation of the incidence of chronic diseases among seafarers at Yantai Port and analysis of related factors [J]. Chinese Journal of Navigation Medicine and Hyperbaric Medicine, 2016, 23 (2): 130-132.
Zhang Ming, Lu Jiahai. Research progress on psychosomatic diseases and their influencing factors of ocean crew [J]. Chinese Journal of Navigation Medicine and High Pressure Medicine, 2016, 23 (1).
Flahault A. Determinants of outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases: the case of Chikungunya in Indian ocean, 2004-2007 [J]. Revue Medicale Suisse, 2017, 13(561):948.
Zhang Dejia, Wang Baocai. Investigation on the incidence of hypertension and its preventive and nursing measures among ocean crew [J]. Frontier of Medicine, 2017, 7(5): 317-318.
Zhao Qingquan, Hu Ping. Experience of surgical perioperative management during ocean voyage [J]. Journal of Medical Sciences, Ministry of General Equipment, 2012 (3): 157-158.
Qian Hui, Xie Yong, Wang Shi, et al. Study on the morbidity and risk factors of functional constipation among long-term naval personnel [J]. Chinese Journal of Navigational Medicine and High Pressure Medicine, 2016, 23 (2): 91-94.
Hu Aixia, Wu Xuanshu, Li Caixia. Investigation and analysis of mental health status of long-distance sailors [J]. Journal of Naval Medicine, 2013, 34 (2): 86-88.
Baygi F, Jensen O C, Qorbani M, et al. Pattern of some risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and liver enzymes among Iranian seafarers[J]. Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2017, 31(1):23-23.
Oldenburg M. Risk of cardiovascular diseases in seafarers. [J]. Int Marit Health, 2014, 65(2):53-7.
Wei Hong Hong. Health education analysis of sailors' nautical diseases [J]. Chinese Health Nutrition Journal, 2014 (1): 507-508.
Dai Xiongying and Ling Shufen. Health education on cardiovascular diseases in 230 seafarers [J]. General nursing, 2014, 12 (7): 663-664.
Cui Lihong, Wang Xiaohui, Yang Yunsheng. Epidemiological investigation and intervention measures of gastroesophageal reflux disease in naval officers and soldiers [J]. Journal of Naval Medicine, 2013, 34 (3): 164-167.
Zhang Kun, Xia Songyun, Zhao Jun, et al. Investigation and Study on the effects of long voyage on the endocrine and immune functions of female crew [J]. Chinese Journal of Navigation Medicine and Hyperbaric Medicine, 2016, 23 (1): 27-30.
Zhou Yuanyuan, Li Lei, Liu Lin, et al. Investigation of health problems and needs of escort officers and soldiers [J]. Journal of Naval Medicine, 2014 (2): 139-140.
Jia Hanmeng, Zhang Jixiong, Cheng Xiabao, et al. [J] Investigation and analysis of common diseases in recruits of a naval unit during military training [J]. Chinese Journal of Navigational Medicine and Hyperbaric Medicine, 2016, 23 (6): 446-448.
Luan Jie, Lushan, Zhang Fangbian. Progress in the prevention and treatment of motion sickness at home and abroad [J]. Chinese Journal of Navigation Medicine and High Pressure Medicine, 2016, 23 (4): 334-337.
Majie, Li Feng, Liu Jing, et al. Exploring common health problems in aerospace and navigation based on "maladaptive diseases" [J]. Hebei Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2013 (11): 1711-1713.
Rao Rongjin. Analysis and Countermeasures of unqualified health examination of seafarers in China [J]. World Maritime Transport, 2017, 40(7): 19-24.
Wang Xiaoyan, Wang Wei, Wu Haiqing, et al. Psychosomatic status of officers and soldiers on ocean escort missions and their relationship with coping styles [J]. Practical preventive medicine, 2017, 24 (1): 82-84.