Pattern of Injuries in Patients Visiting Emergency Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2020, Pages: 15-19
Received: Jul. 19, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 13, 2019; Published: May 28, 2020
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Thomas Fako, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Mohammed Ayalew, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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Injuries are major public health problem globally. Each year over 5 million people around the world die as result of injury. Injuries are ranked among the leading cause of death and disability particularly in the low income and middle income countries where they are growing in significance. The general objective of this research was to assess pattern of injury among patients visiting the emergency department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among injured patients, who visited the adult Emergency Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital from February 2015 to June 2015. Data was collected using structured check list adopted from World Health Organization (WHO) Injury surveillance guideline with modification. Most injuries occurred by road traffic accident accounted for 54% and the majority 80% were male. The more injured age group was 21-30 and accounted for 41%. Among the injuries, 62% of the injuries were accidental, anatomically injured part of the body was head and neck which was accounted for 52.2%. This research is crucial and base line to understand the problems of injury and the policy maker will develop guide lines to prevent the cause of trauma and improving health care service systems in health institutions and society.
Pattern, Injury, Emergency Department, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Thomas Fako, Mohammed Ayalew, Pattern of Injuries in Patients Visiting Emergency Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 15-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20200802.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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