Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among Primary School Children in Three Geopolitical Zones of Imo State, Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, September 2015, Pages: 25-28
Received: Jun. 13, 2015;
Accepted: Sep. 13, 2015;
Published: Oct. 27, 2015
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Udensi Justina Ugochi, Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Mgbemena Ifenyinwa C., Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Emeka-Nwabunnia Ijeoma, Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ugochukwu Mmasi Godson, Biology Department, Alvan Ikoku Federal University of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Awurum Ivy Nwaku, Biology Department, Alvan Ikoku Federal University of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
A study of the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was conducted among children aged 5-16years in primary schools in rural parts of Imo State, Nigeria. Of the 337 faecal samples examined, 164 (48. 7%) harboured intestinal parasites with 65 (40. 4%) being from Orlu zone, 57 (52. 7%) from Owerri zone, and 42 (61. 8%) from Okigwe zone. The parasites identified were Ascaris lumbricoides (41. 5%), Hookworm (23. 8%), Trichuris trichiura (1. 2%), Teania spp (1. 2%), Entamoeba histolytica (36. 6%), and Giardia lamblia (1. 8%). Among the helminthes, A. lumbricoides (60. 0%) occurred highest among the age bracket of 14-16years, while E. histolytica (44. 4%) was the highest occurring protozoan parasite among children aged 5-7 years. Generally, prevalence of infection decreased with increasing age of children, and more females (53. 9%) than males (48. 1%) were infected. However, there was no statistical significant difference in infection with relation to age and sex of the pupils (p>0. 05). Intestinal parasitic infection is reduced through improved personal hygiene and environmental sanitation as children with high standard of hygiene were found to be less prone to parasitic infection.
Udensi Justina Ugochi,
Mgbemena Ifenyinwa C.,
Ugochukwu Mmasi Godson,
Awurum Ivy Nwaku,
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among Primary School Children in Three Geopolitical Zones of Imo State, Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Special Issue: Who Is Afraid of the Microbes.
Vol. 3, No. 5-1,
2015, pp. 25-28.
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