Anemia and Its Determinants Among Apparently Healthy Women from Pastoralist Communities of Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross Sectional Study
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 145-151
Received: Nov. 19, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 20, 2018; Published: Jan. 18, 2019
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Authors
Sahardiid Ali, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Unit of Nutrition, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
Jemal Haidar Ali, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa Universities, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
This study examined the magnitude of anemia and its determinants among 468 apparently healthy women randomly selected from the pastoralist communities of Somali region, Ethiopia. The overall prevalence of anemia was 39.98%, of which mild, moderate and severe anemia were 108(25.17%), 57(13.29%) and 6(1.40%), respectively. Most (65%) of the anemic women are from rural settings. The mean Hgb level (adjusted for altitude) was 12.01(±2.1SD) gm/dl and ranged from 7-16gm/dl. As expected, anemia was significantly lower among contraceptive users (p=0.005), got iron supplementation (p=0.104), had no malaria (p=0.901) and counseled on anemia (p=0.375). Low consumption of meat (p=0.001) and fruits (p=0.029) were the significant factors associated with Anemia. To improve anemia in the community, a concerted effort comprising of public health measures and nutrition counseling in addition to the ongoing weekly iron folic acid supplementation is recommended.
Keywords
Anemia, Pastoralists, Inadequate Nutrient Intake, Women, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Sahardiid Ali, Jemal Haidar Ali, Anemia and Its Determinants Among Apparently Healthy Women from Pastoralist Communities of Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross Sectional Study, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2018, pp. 145-151. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20180606.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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