Gingivitis and Associated Factors Among Children in Boxes Toddlers in Senegal
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 259-264
Received: Apr. 29, 2016; Accepted: May 10, 2016; Published: May 26, 2016
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Authors
Daouda Cisse, Public Health Service, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Aida Kanouté, Public Health Service, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Massamba Diouf, Public Health Service, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Sylvie Azogui-Levy, Dental Public Health Service, and Educations and Health Practices Laboratory, Paris-Diderot University, University Paris 13, Paris, France
Boubacar S. Dankoko, Public Health and Preventive Medicine Service, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Astou Mbengue Niang, Free-Lancer, Dakar, Senegal
Mbathio Diop, Public Health Service, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Cheikh M. Mbacké Lo, Public Health Service, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Daouda Faye, Public Health Service, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gingivitis and the factors associated in boxes toddlers among 3-6 year-old preschool children in 3 regions in Senegal. This was a descriptive and cross sectional study covering 984 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years and attending boxes toddlers in the regions of Dakar (urban area), Saint-Louis (semi-urban and urban areas) and Kaolack (semi-urban and rural areas). They were selected through both a cluster sampling and a stratified sampling and the clusters were drawn at random. These children obtained parental permission to participate in the survey. The socio-demographic data, the gingivitis status and the parental knowledge on oral preventive methods applied to children, were collected. The data was analysed using SPSS Version 19 software with a significance level of 5%. In total 901 children were examined: 299 in Dakar, 302 in Saint-Louis and 300 in Kaolack with respective completeness rate of 93%, 91% and 90%. Girls constituted 56.6% of the sample; children aged six were less represented (10.7%), while children of non-salaried parents constituted 77.3% of the sample. Fourteen percent of the children had an inflamed gingiva. The distribution of gingivitis according to socio-demographic data does not show a significant association. Depending on the region, gingivitis differently distributed (p<0.01). Between Dakar and Saint-Louis (p<0.01) and between Dakar and Kaolack (p<0.02), the differences were significant. However between Saint-Louis and Kaolack, there was not a significant difference (p>0.90). Gingivitis is significantly associated with the frequency of brushing (p=0.03), it is not significantly associated with visiting the dentist (p>0.20). These results suggest the importance of hygiene and perhaps the parent oral health literacy in the prevention of this infection often overlooked because painless most of the time. To avoid damage as noma more prevalent in rural area, health officials may develop integrated community programs against gingivitis in boxes toddlers in Senegal.
Keywords
Gingivitis, Box Toddlers, 3-6 Year-Old Preschool Children, Urban Area, Rural Area, Senegal
To cite this article
Daouda Cisse, Aida Kanouté, Massamba Diouf, Sylvie Azogui-Levy, Boubacar S. Dankoko, Astou Mbengue Niang, Mbathio Diop, Cheikh M. Mbacké Lo, Daouda Faye, Gingivitis and Associated Factors Among Children in Boxes Toddlers in Senegal, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2016, pp. 259-264. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160403.25
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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