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Ethnic Pattern of Origin of Children with Spina Bifida Managed at the University Teaching Hospital and Beit Cure Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia 2001-2010
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 852-856
Received: Oct. 27, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 4, 2015; Published: Nov. 17, 2015
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Authors
Margaret M. Mweshi, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
Seyi Ladele Amosun, Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Mary P. Shilalukey-Ngoma, Department of Pediatric & Child Health, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
Esther Munalula-Nkandu, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
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Abstract
The incidence of spina bifida (SB) is known to differ among regions. Very little has been reported about the relationship between the incidence of SB and ethnic patterns of origin in Zambia except for the general impression that it is prevalent. The aim of the study was to establish the ethnic pattern of origin of children with SB in Zambia. It was a retrospective cross sectional study. Using a checklist, data was collected from clinical files of children with SB from the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) and Beit Cure Hospital (BCH) from 2001-2010. Descriptive statistical analysis was done in SPSS version 17. A total of 253 children with SB were identified of whom 88 (35%) of them originally came from the Southern Province of the country while the lowest province was the North-Western Province with 7 (3%). Further, a total of 77 (30%) children were referred from the Southern Province of the country and the lowest province that was represented was the North-Western Province with 5 (2%). Observed is the evidence that SB is very prevalent in the Southern Province of the country. With the presence of Uranium in the Southern Province of Zambia, a serious study ought to be done to investigate the possible link of the pollutant with the prevalence of SB in the region. It is essential that the government looks seriously at Uranium Mines being operated in the Province.
Keywords
Ethnic Patterns, Spina Bifida, Management, Southern Province, Uranium Deposits
To cite this article
Margaret M. Mweshi, Seyi Ladele Amosun, Mary P. Shilalukey-Ngoma, Esther Munalula-Nkandu, Ethnic Pattern of Origin of Children with Spina Bifida Managed at the University Teaching Hospital and Beit Cure Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia 2001-2010, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 852-856. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150306.19
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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