Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 820-824
Received: Sep. 8, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 10, 2015;
Published: Oct. 24, 2015
Views 4378 Downloads 111
Koustuv Dalal, Department of Public Health Science, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
Jahan Shabnam, Independent Researcher, Copenhagen, Denmark
Animesh Biswas, Department of Public Health Science, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
Condom Using Perception Among Sex-Buying Men in India, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 820-824.
UNAIDS/WHO. AIDS epidemic update: December 2007. Geneva. http://data.unaids.org/pub/EPISlides/2007/2007_epiupdate_en.pdf.
Mawar N, Sahays, Pandit A, Mahajan U. The third phase of HIV pandemic: Social consequences of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination and future needs. Indian J. Med. Res. 2005; 122: 471-484.
Epidemiological fact sheet on HIV and AIDS. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008. http://www.who.int/globalatlas/predefinedReports/EFS2008/full/EFS2008_IN.pdf.
Global HIV prevalence has leveled off. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2009. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2007/pr61/en/index.html.
Overview of AIDS and HIV in Asia. Accessed 12 March 2014. Available: http://www.avert.org/aids-asia.htm.
Moon K. Knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and practices of HIV/AIDS: A comparative study of behavior change in commercial sex workers and truck drivers in the dindigul and coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, India. C. Pap. Inter. Dev. 2002; 6: 2-5.
HIV Sentinel Surveillance and HIV Estimation in India 2007: A technical brief. http://www.nacoonline.org/upload/Publication/M&E%20Surveillance,%20Research/HIV%20Sentinel%20Surveillance%20and%20HIV%20Estimation%202007_A%20Technical%20Brief.pdf.
HIV/AIDS South Asia- understanding and responding. The World Bank, 2008. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/0,,contentMDK:21019386~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:223547,00.html.
Gray LA, Devdas RP, Vijaylakshmi O, Kamalanathank G. Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HIV/AIDS among Hindu students from a government women’s college of South India. Intern. J. Adv. Counseling, 1999; 21: 207–219.
Subramanian T, Gupte MD, Paranjape RS, Brahmam GN, Ramakrishnan L. HIV, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour of male clients of female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India: Results of a cross-sectional survey. AIDS, 2008; 5: S69-S79.
Chandrasekaran PG, Dallabetta V, Loo S, et al. Containing HIV/AIDS in India: The unfinished agenda. Lancet Infect. Dis., 2006; 6: 508-521.
Carael M, Slaymaker E, Lyerla R, Sarkar S. Clients of sex workers in different regions of the world: Hard to count. Sex. Transm. Infec., 2006; 82: 26-33.
Motzoi C. Combating HIV/AIDS: Promoting Gender Equality among Youth. World Bank: Washington DC. 2006. http://www.athgo.org/downloads/position_papers/Motzoi_Clairneige.pdf.
Sudha RT, Vijay DT, Lakshmi V. Awareness, attitudes and beliefs of the general public towards HIV/Aids in Hyderabad, a capital city from South India. Indian J. Med. Sci.,2005; 59: 307-316.
Lowndes CM, Alary M, Labbe AC, et al. Interventions among male clients of female sex workers in Benin, West Africa: An essential component of targeted HIV preventive interventions. Sex. Transm. Infect. 2007; 83: 577–581.
Blankenshipa KM, Wesr BS, Kershawc TS, Biradavolu MR. Power, community mobilization and condom use practices among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India. AIDS, 2008; 22: S109-S116.
McManus A, Dhar L. Study of knowledge, perception and attitude of adolescent girls towards STIs/HIV, safer sex and sex education: A cross sectional survey of urban adolescent school girls in South Delhi, India. BMC Women’s Health, 2008; 8: 12.
Couture MC, Soto JC, Akom E, et al. Clients of female sex workers in gonaives and st-marc, haiti characteristics, sexually transmitted infection prevalence and risk factors. Sex. Transm. Dis., 2008; 35: 849-855.
Remple VP, Patrick DM, Johnston C, et al. Clients of indoor commercial sex workers: Heterogeneity in patronage patterns and implications for HIV and STI propagation through sexual networks. Sex. Transm. Dis., 2007; 34:754-760.
IIPS, 2007. Calverton, Maryland, USA. India: DHS, 2005/2006-Final Report.
Rutstein S, Johnson K. The DHS wealth index. DHS Comparative Reports No. 6. Calverton, ORC Macr, Maryland, USA, 2004.
Leridon H, Zesson G, Hubert M. The Europeans and their sexual partners. In: Sexual Behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Europe, Hubert, M., N. Bajos and T. Sandfort (Eds.). UCL Press, London, 1998: P: 442.
Anderson B, O’Connell DJ. Is trafficking in human beings demand driven? A multi-country pilot study. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. 2003.
Hwang A. 2001. AIDS has arrived in India and China. World Watch, http://www.amazon.com/Arrived-speculation-pandemic-Statistical-Included/dp/B0008I3UDS.
Cohen D. The HIV epidemic and sustainable human development. Issues Paper No. 29, UNDP, 1997. http://www.hivpolicy.org/Library/HPP000243.pdf.
Ward H, Day S, Weber J. Risky business: Health and safety in the sex industry over a 9 year period. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 1999; 75: 340–343.
Ward H, Day S, Geen A, Cooper K, Weber J. Declining prevalence of STI in the London sex industry, 1985-2002. Sex. Transm. Infect.2004; 80: 374-376.
Randolph ME, Pinkerton SD, Bogart LM, et al. Sexual pleasure and condom use. Arch. Sex Behav. 2007, 36, 844–848.
Morris M, Podhisita C, Wawer MJ, Handcock MS. Bridge Population in the spread of HIV/AIDS in Thailand. AIDS, 1996; 10: 1265-127.
De Graaf R, Zessen I, Vanwesenbeeck CJ, Straver CJ, Visser JH. Condom use by dutch men with commercial heterosexual contacts: Determinants and considerations. AIDS Educ. Prev., 1997; 9: 411-23.
UNAIDS/WHO, 1998. AIDS epidemic update: December 1998. http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub06/epiupdate98_en.pdf.
Heise LL, Elias C. Transforming aids prevention to meet women’s needs: A focus on developing countries. Soc. Sci. Med., 1995; 40: 931-943.
Ulin PR. African women and AIDS: Negotiating behavioral change. Soc. Sci. Med., 1992; 34: 63-73.
Waldo CR, Coates TJ. Multiple levels of analysis and intervention in HIV prevention science: exemplars and directions for new research. AIDS, 2000; 2: S18-S26.
Dole LR, Elkins DB, Boonjear K, Phiensrithom S, Maticka-Tyndale E. Cattle markets and local festivals: Development of HIV/AIDS prevention interventions for specific risk situations in rural northeast Thailand. Health Place, 1998; 4: 265-272.
UNAIDS, 1999. HIV prevention needs and successes: A tale of three countries. An Update on HIV Prevention Success in Senegal, Thailand and Uganda. http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub02/jc535-hi_en.pdf.