Seroprevalence of Infectious Makers on Blood Donors at the Blood Bank of Bertoua Regional Hospital (Cameroon)
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 757-760
Received: Aug. 6, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 13, 2015; Published: Aug. 21, 2015
Views 4081      Downloads 122
Authors
Marcellin Guiaro Ndoe, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Octavie Danielle Moankong Fak, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Armel Herve Nwabo Kamdje, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Charles Fokunang Ntungwen, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Alexandre Michel Njan Nloga, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The present study was aimed at optimizing the transfusion security of the patients, we determined the seroprevalence of transferable infections by the blood transfusion notably the HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and the syphilis among the blood donors at the blood bank of regional hospital of Bertoua to reduce meaningfully their impact in hospitable environment. We performed a prospective transversal survey on 429 Blood donors from the 1st January 2013 to 1st January 2014. We included 371 men (86.48%) and 38 women (13.52%). During this survey, we noted that, the most large part of blood donation was given by family members of patients with a seroprevalence of 58.04% compared to volunteers donors (23.78%) and remunerated donors (18.18%). The infections seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Syphilis has been estimated to 5.13%, 6.76%, 4.2% and 0.46% respectively. These results showed that it was necessary to put an accent on the pre-donation stages; cross-examination of the blood donor (research of information able to annul the blood donation), verification of the biological parameters (blood type rhesus, the hemoglobin rate and research of the infectious makers) to reduce the residual risks of these infections by the blood transfusion.
Keywords
Seroprevalence, Infectious Markers, Blood Donors
To cite this article
Marcellin Guiaro Ndoe, Octavie Danielle Moankong Fak, Armel Herve Nwabo Kamdje, Charles Fokunang Ntungwen, Alexandre Michel Njan Nloga, Seroprevalence of Infectious Makers on Blood Donors at the Blood Bank of Bertoua Regional Hospital (Cameroon), Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 757-760. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.33
References
[1]
Nguyen, Y.Ozier. 2008. Risques transfusionnels Réanimation. J Hepatol 17: 326-338.
[2]
Aubry P. BobinP. Soc.Pathol. Exot C. 2008. Lèpre et syndrome de reconstitution immunitaire au cours du sida. Bull., 101, 58-59 Médicales Nationales.., pp. 78-89.
[3]
Hud. J. kane, M. A. Heyman D.L. 1991. Transmission of HIV, hepatitis virus and other blood borne pathogens in health care settings: a review of risk factors and guidelines for prevention. Bull. World Health Organ. 69: 6237.
[4]
Lunel F, Mariotti M, Crestar Petal. 1995 Comparative study of conventional and novel strategies for the detection of hepatitis C virus RNA in serum: amplicor, branched-DNA, NASBA and in house PCR. J Virol Methods. 54: 159-71.
[5]
Watanabe. J, Matsumoto C, Shimada Tetal. 1993. Predictive value of screening tests for persistent hepatitis C virus infection evidenced by viremia. Vox Sang. 65: 199-203
[6]
PIRSOU. 2008. Evaluation du risque résiduel de l’hépatite B chez les donneurs de sang à l’Hôpital central de Yaoundé, thèse de doctorat en médecine.
[7]
Geukeng Elvige. 2010. Risque infectieux résiduel de l’hépatite virale B au Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Yaoundé : Mémoire de master II en immunologie médicale.
[8]
Kakou S. 1996. Etude de la prévalence des activités transfusionnelles en gynéco obstétrique à propos de 1956 cas collegiés au CHU de Treichville de 1993 à 1994. Th. Méd., Abidjan.
[9]
Tayou C, Diarra A, Yahaya R, Hakizimana M, Nguessan A, Mbensa G. 2009. Characteristics of blood donors and donated blood in Sub-saharan francophone Africa. Transfusion. 49: p 1592-1599.
[10]
Martin Luther Koanga Mogtomo, Sylvie Louandji Pomekong, Honnore Fotsokuate, Annie Ngono Ngane. 2004. Détection des agents infectieux dans les banques de sang de Douala. département de BCH faculté des sciences Université de Douala.
[11]
Ackah. A.N. 1991. Contribution à l’étude de l’association MST et infection à VIH dans les Centres Antivénériens à Abidjan. Thèse Med: Abidjan.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186