Assessment of the Sanitary Conditions of Catering Establishments and Food Safety Knowledge and Practices of Food Handlers in Addis Ababa University Students’ Cafeteria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 733-743
Received: Jul. 25, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 6, 2015; Published: Aug. 19, 2015
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Asrat Meleko, Department of Public Health, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan, Ethiopia
Andualem Henok, Department of Public Health, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan, Ethiopia
Worku Tefera, School of Public Health Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tafesse Lamaro, Department of Nursing, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan, Ethiopia
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Background: Every institution which provides food for a large group of consumers has the responsibility to keep the safety and wholesomeness of food otherwise it may result outbreaks of food borne illness. The most identified contributing factors of food borne illness in mass catering establishments were cross contamination, dirty work environment and poor personal hygiene practice by food handlers. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the sanitary conditions of catering establishments and food safety knowledge and practices of food handlers in Addis Ababa University students’ cafeterias. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January, 2014 to May, 2014. A total of 12 student catering establishments from 7 campuses were studied for sanitary condition of premises and a total of 302 food handlers were assessed for knowledge and practice statuses. For data collection questionnaires and appropriate checklists were used. Bacteriological examination was made from all catering premises following appropriate standard procedures. The data was entered by using EPI INFO version 3.5.1 and cleaned before transferring to SPSS version 17 statistical packages which was used for data management and analysis. Results: Majority, 212(70.2%), of food handlers were females and their median age were 29. Among the 302 subjects, 197 (65.2%) of them had food hygiene training. All, 302 (100%), of food handlers were literate and 283 (93.7%) of them had adequate knowledge of food borne diseases. Twelve of premises had a clean wall and ceiling in their kitchen and dining rooms. Similarly all premises had openable window, adequate light and adequate ventilation. E. coli were not identified at all and in 1 (2.8%) of swabbed utensils S. aureus were identified. Practice scores revealed that 52.3% of food handlers had a poor food handling practice. Conclusion: This study revealed that the repair and sanitary conditions of premises were in a good condition. Nearly half of food handlers had a poor food handling practice. Provision of training and basic sanitary facilities by management is recommended
Sanitary Condition, Food Handlers, Food Safety, Food Handling Practices
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Asrat Meleko, Andualem Henok, Worku Tefera, Tafesse Lamaro, Assessment of the Sanitary Conditions of Catering Establishments and Food Safety Knowledge and Practices of Food Handlers in Addis Ababa University Students’ Cafeteria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 733-743. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.30
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