Prevalence and Correlates of Multiple Sexual Partnerships among Private College Students in Bahir Dar City, Northwest Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 1, March 2013, Pages: 9-17
Received: Mar. 9, 2013;
Published: Mar. 10, 2013
Views 3587 Downloads 217
Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, PO-Box 79, Ethiopia
Background: Multiple sexual partnership is having two or more sexual partners that overlapped in time; indi-viduals who have concurrent sexual partners increase their risk of HIV infections. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of multiple sexual partnerships among private college students in Bahir dar city. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Oct. 2012 among 790 private college students of Bahir Dar city using multistage sampling technique. A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data were coded, entered, cleaned and analyzed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis with SPSS version 16 soft ware package. Results: About 50.7% of respondents were sexually active. Multiple sexual partnerships were reported by 45.3% of sexual-ly active respondents. Male respondents were more likely to have multiple sexual partners compared to females (AOR=4.76; CI:3.02-7.51), students who were living alone in rented house were about two times more likely to have mul-tiple sexual partners compared to those live with their family (AOR=2.02;CI: 1.25-3.27). Besides, students who have peer pressure were about six times more likely to have multiple sexual partners compared to those don’t have (AOR=5.99;CI: 3.66-9.81). Moreover, respondents who drank alcohol were more likely to have multiple sex partners compared to those who never drank (AOR=3.20; CI: 2.02- 5.08). Conclusion: Large proportions of students engaged in multiple sexual part-nerships. There were variables associated with multiple sexual partnerships. Therefore, interventions targeting on these factors were recommended.
Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh,
Prevalence and Correlates of Multiple Sexual Partnerships among Private College Students in Bahir Dar City, Northwest Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2013, pp. 9-17.
PSI healthy lives measurable results. Concurrent Sexual Partnerships, [Accessed 4 Jan 2013]. Available from: http://www.psi.org/our-work/healthy-lives/interventions/multiple-concurrent-partnerships
USIADS. Behavioral Interventions: Multiple and Concurrent Sexual Partnerships. [Updated March 2011; Accessed 10 Feb 2013]. Available from: http://www.aidstarone.com/focus_areas/prevention/pkb/emerging_areas/multiple_and_concurrent_sexual_partnerships.
Mishra, V, and Simona BVA. 2009. Concurrent Sexual Part-nerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Popu-lation-Based Surveys. DHS Working Papers No. 62. Calver-ton, Maryland: Macro International Inc.
Recommendations from a meeting of the UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections held in Nairobi, Kenya, April 20-21st 2009. Consultation on Con-current Sexual Partnerships. Revised: 30 November 2009.
Almon S, John M and Jacqueline C. The Concurrent Sexual Partnerships among students in Institutions of Higher Edu-cation in Zimbabwe. J Hum Ecol 2011; 34: 53-65.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) world AIDS day report 2011.
Jenny Nicholson MSW Student, risky sexual behaviour among adolescents and young adults, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, [Accessed 4 may 2012]. Available from: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/38043379/
Agardh A, Tumwine G, and O¨stergren P-O. The Impact of Socio-Demographic and Religious Factors upon Sexual Be-havior among Ugandan University Students. PLoS ONE 2011; 6: e23670. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023670.
Sunmola AM. Evaluating the sexual behaviour, barriers to condom use and its actual use by university students in Ni-geria. AIDS Care 2005; 17: 457-465.
Amon E, Angelina ML, Godfrey M, et al. Multiple sexual partners and condom use among youths in four districts in Tanzania: What do we learn? BMC Public Health 2011, 11:490.
Anette A, Karen OP and Per-Olof O. Experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among Uganda university students. BMC Public Health 2011, 11:527.
Seth C. Kalichman. Multiple-Recent Sexual Partnerships and Alcohol Use among sexually transmitted infection clinic patients. Sex Transm Dis. 2011; 38:18–23.
Hibret A, Damen H, Kassahun A, et al. Factors Predisposing out-of-School Youths to HIV/AIDS-related Risky Sexual Behaviour in Northwest Ethiopia. J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2007; 25:344-350.
Vinod M and Simona BVA. USAIDS, DHS working papers 2009; Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population Based Surveys.
Nigatu R, Seman K. Attitudes and practices on HIV preven-tions among students of higher education institutions in Ethiopia. Educational Research 2011; 2: 828-840.
Abdulhakim H. Factors promoting risky sexual behaviour of high school adolescents in Dessie town, Amhara regional state (thesis). Institute of Population Studies, College of De-velopment Studies, School of Graduate Studies Addis Ababa University, 2008.
Jemal Yousuf. Assessment of risky sexual behaviour for HIV infection with special focus on night markets and mobile people in Gunner woreda, Gurage zone (thesis). School of public health, Faculty of Medicine Addis Ababa university, Ethiopia, 2004.
Anemaw A. Assessment of sexual risk behaviours of in-school youth: effect of living arrangement of students; West Gojam zone, Amhara regional state, (thesis). School of public health, Faculty of Medicine Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, 2009.
Zerai K . Sexual Experiences and their Correlates Among Jimma University Students, Jimma, Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Health Sci 2002; 15: 21-29.
Najjumba M.I, Ntozi.J, Ahimbisibwe E.F, et al. Risk percep-tion and condom use in Uganda. African population studies 2003; 18: 68-80.
Maswanya.ES, Moji.K, Horiguchi.I, et al. Knowledge, risk perception of AIDS and reported sexual behaviour among students Tanzanian colleges. Health education research 1999;14:185–196.
Siyan Y, KrishnaC.P, Junko Y, et al. Role of risk and protec-tive factors in risky sexual behavior among high school stu-dents in Cambodia. BMC Public Health 2010, 10:477.
Robert J, Ali M, Lisa A, et al. Reproductive Health Risk and Protective Factors among Youth in Lusaka, Zambia. J.Adolesc Health 2002; 30:76-86.
Ondrej.K, AndreaM.G, Pavol.J, et al. Psychological and behavioural factors associated with sexual risk behaviour among Slovak students. BMC public Health 2009, 9:15.
Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk Behaviour: A Cross-Cultural Study in Eight Countries. World Health Organization Geneva 2005.