Prevalence of Blood Groups at the Blood Transfusion Center at the Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech
American Journal of Laboratory Medicine
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 101-104
Received: Oct. 15, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 4, 2019; Published: Nov. 18, 2019
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Authors
Amaddah Radia, Hematology Laboratory Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Beddou Ghita, Hematology Laboratory Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Skali Hajar, Hematology Laboratory Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Yahyaoui Hicham, Hematology Laboratory Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco; Blood Transfusion Center Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Ait Ameur Mustapha, Hematology Laboratory Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco; Blood Transfusion Center Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Chakour Mohamed, Hematology Laboratory Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco; Blood Transfusion Center Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
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Abstract
The ABO and RHD systems represent the most immunogenic systems and the most sought after in blood transfusion. The objective of this work was to present new statistics of phenotypic prevalence of ABO and RHD systems in Morocco using a new sample. Our study was a retrospective, descriptive and epidemiological one carried out at the Blood Transfusion Center at the Avicenne Military Hospital in Marrakech on a sample of 10,000 donors collected between the year 2009 and the year 2017. The study of the expression Erythrocyte blood group antigens by the serological phenotyping technique was based on haemagglutination. Double determination was necessary to avoid the risk of grouping errors. This technique was simple and inexpensive, and today remains a gold standard for immunohematology. At the end of this study, the frequency of the antigens of the red blood cell systems ABO and RHD was as follows: ABO system: A (32.7%), B (16.33%), AB (5.26%), O (45.71%). RHD system: RHD positive (92.29%), RHD negative (7.71%). Our results were compared to other previous Moroccan and other foreign countries studies; this allowed us to locate hemotypologically the transfusion center of the Avicenne military hospital of Marrakech in the world. At the end of this study, we have concluded that our results were consistent with previous studies in Morocco. These results were identical to those found in the Mediterranean countries and showed that Morocco was in an intermediate position between the countries of Europe and those of Black Africa.
Keywords
Prevalence, Blood Transfusion, ABO, RHD
To cite this article
Amaddah Radia, Beddou Ghita, Skali Hajar, Yahyaoui Hicham, Ait Ameur Mustapha, Chakour Mohamed, Prevalence of Blood Groups at the Blood Transfusion Center at the Military Hospital Avicenna of Marrakech, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 101-104. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20190406.13
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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