Morphometric Analysis of Asa and Oyun River Basins, North Central Nigeria Using Geographical Information System
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 379-393
Received: Oct. 23, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 8, 2017; Published: Dec. 14, 2017
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Authors
Mudashiru Rofiat Bunmi, Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Offa, Nigeria
Olawuyi Maryam Yusuf, Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Offa, Nigeria
Amototo Ismail Oladapo, Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Offa, Nigeria
Oyelakin Mutiu Adekunle, Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Offa, Nigeria
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Abstract
Geographical Information System (GIS) and image processing techniques can be used for the identification of morphological features and analyzing properties of basin. The morphometric parameters of basin include the linear, aerial and relief aspects. The present study focused on the evaluation and analysis of the morphometric parameters such as Stream Order (Nu), Stream Length (Lu), Bifurcation Ratio (Rb), Drainage Density (Dd), Stream Frequency (Fs), Texture Ratio (T), Elongation Ratio (Re), Circulatory Ratio (Rc) and Form Factor (Rf) e.t.c. The study areas are Asa River Basin and Oyun River Basin. The GIS based morphometric analysis of these River Basins revealed that both the Asa River Basin and Oyun River Basins are fourth order basins which indicates their drainage pattern to be mainly dendritic type thereby showing homogeneity in texture and less of structural control. Total stream number of Asa River Basin is 54, in which 37 are first order, 12 are second order, 4 are third order and 1 is fourth order, and while the total stream number of Oyun River Basin is 56, in which 45 are first order, 7 are second order, 2 are third order and 2 are fourth order streams. The length of stream segment is maximum for first order stream and decreases as the stream order increases. The drainage density (Dd) of study area of Asa River Basin is 0.39km/km2 and Oyun River Basin is 0.36km/km2, an indication that the two River Basins are not much affected by structural disturbance. The study and result from the findings will help in determining peak runoff in the basin which helps in managing the water resources in the basins for sustainable development of the basin area.
Keywords
Geographic Information System, Morphometric Parameters, River Basins
To cite this article
Mudashiru Rofiat Bunmi, Olawuyi Maryam Yusuf, Amototo Ismail Oladapo, Oyelakin Mutiu Adekunle, Morphometric Analysis of Asa and Oyun River Basins, North Central Nigeria Using Geographical Information System, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 379-393. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20170506.20
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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