Physicochemical and Mineralogical Characterization of Moroccan Clay of Taza and Its Use in Ceramic Technology
American Journal of Nano Research and Applications
Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2016, Pages: 17-22
Received: Jan. 28, 2016;
Accepted: Apr. 8, 2016;
Published: May 9, 2016
Views 4482 Downloads 221
A. Er-ramly, Laboratory Process of Valorization of the Natural Resources, Materials & Environment, Department of Applied Chemistry & Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, University Hassan 1st, Settat, Morocco
A. Ider, Laboratory Process of Valorization of the Natural Resources, Materials & Environment, Department of Applied Chemistry & Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, University Hassan 1st, Settat, Morocco
Follow on us
This study concerns the results of Physicochemical and mineralogical characterization of a white clay located in Taza region in Morocco and its use in the ceramics industry. Several techniques were used; in particular X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy coupled with EDX microanalysis (SEM-EDX), differential thermal and gravimetric analyses (DTA-TGA) and finally infrared Fourier transform (FTIR) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF). The first objective of this work is to put a new line of research that deals with the use of clay in ceramic technology. The second objective was to develop gels of oxides of high purity from these clays. we can say that the white clay of Taza has the same characteristics of clays used in the ceramics industry (medium heat loss, low shrinkage, good flexural strength and good behavior in plasticity), this white clay Taza adding 0.57% sodium carbonate is sufficient to have a good deflocculation and the viscosity is minimum corresponds to the stability of the slip, in his introduction to a formula of slip was successful with a rate of 35 to 45%. The SEM-EDX, X-ray, chemical analysis and Infrared spectroscopy demonstrated and allowed us to identify the different minerals that make up the white clay, compared with the available data, we identified illite and kaolinite as clay minerals, other minerals present as impurities major are quartz, calcite, dolomite and feldspar. These results show the important features to justify its use in the ceramic industry.
Clay, Ceramic, DTA, FX, XRD, FTIR
To cite this article
Physicochemical and Mineralogical Characterization of Moroccan Clay of Taza and Its Use in Ceramic Technology, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2016, pp. 17-22.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Laribi, Fleureau, Grossiord and. Kbir-Ariguib, "Comparative yield stress determination for pure and interstratified smectite clays" Rheol. Acta 44, 262-269. 2005.
Besq, " Ecoulements laminaires de suspension de bentonite industrielles. Caractérisation rhéométrique - Ecoulements en conduites axisymétriques. Applications aux activités du Génie Civil," Thèse de doctorat de l'Université de Poitiers. 2000.
Jozja,"étude de matériaux argileux Albanais. Caractérisation "multi-échelle" d'une bentonite magnésienne. Impact de l'interaction avec le nitrate de plomb sur la perméabilité." Thèse de doctorat de l'Université d'Orléans 2003.
Alami, Boulmane, Hajjaji, Kacim,. Chemico-mineralogical study of a Moroccan clay. Ann. Chem. Sci. Master. 23, 173-176. 1998.
Jouenne A.; Traité de céramiques et matériaux minéraux ; Ed. Septima, 1990.
Mackenzie, Caillére, thermal characteristics of soil minerals, In: gieseking, J. E (Ed), soil components. springer-verlag, new york, vol. 2, pp. 529-571. 1975.
Todor,. Thermal analysis of minerals. Abacus pren, kent, UK, 256 pp. 1976.
Mathieu-Sicaud, and J. Mering, "Etude au microscope de la montmorillonite et de l’hectorite saturées par différents cations" Bull. Soc. Franc. Miner. Crist. 74, 439-455 1951.
Farmer, V. C. The layer silicates. In: Farmer, V. C. (Ed), the infraredspectra of minerals. Monograph,. The mineralogical society, vol.4, london, pp.331-363. 1974.
Madejova, Komadel, Cicel,. Infrared study of octaedral site population in smectites. Clay Minerals 29, 319-326. 1994.
Madejova, FTIR technique in clay mineral studies, Vib. Spectrosc.31. 1-10. 2003.
Lefort, Analyse élémentaire d’une argile, ENSCI, Limoges, France, pp. 11–12. 1988.