A Nanoscale Investigation of Mechanical, Thermal Stability and Electrical Conductivity Properties of Reinforced Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Nanocomposite
American Journal of Nano Research and Applications
Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2013, Pages: 31-40
Received: May 9, 2013; Published: Jun. 10, 2013
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Authors
Irene S. Fahim, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, New Cairo 11835, Egypt
Wael Mamdouh, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, P.O. Box 74, New Cairo 11835, Egypt; Yousef Jameel Science and Technology Research center, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, New Cairo 11835, Egypt
Hanadi A. G. Salem, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, New Cairo 11835, Egypt; ousef Jameel Science and Technology Research center, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, New Cairo 11835, Egypt
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Abstract
In the current research work reinforcement of a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) polymer with graphene powder (G, in the form of particles) as a nanofiller material by in-situ and ex-situ mixing of various weight fractions of G is reported. In addition, investigation on the effect of the weight fraction of G on the mechanical properties of the resulting TPU/graphene (TPU/G) nanocomposites is conducted. A number of different preparation methods have been employed in order to investigate the influence of the preparation process on the resulting TPU/G nanocomposites. Solvent (wet) mixing and mechanical (dry) mixing processes have been used. Significant enhancement in compressive strength, melt flow index and electrical conductivity were observed by employing the different mixing processes when compared with the pure TPU polymer processed under similar conditions. However, dry mixing process has shown enhanced mechanical, viscosity and electrical properties compared to wet mixing process. Moreover, dry mixing process has led to the formation of TPU/G nanocomposites with the highest compressive strength at 0.1 wt% G compared with 0.5, and 1 wt % G. It is believed that the processing technique plays a vital role in producing the desired TPU/G nanocomposites and is also affected by the dispersion of graphene nanofiller particles within the TPU polymer matrix. These results may lead to the development of novel applications of TPU/G nanocomposites across different disciplines.
Keywords
Polymer Nanocomposites, Graphene, TPU, Conductivity
To cite this article
Irene S. Fahim, Wael Mamdouh, Hanadi A. G. Salem, A Nanoscale Investigation of Mechanical, Thermal Stability and Electrical Conductivity Properties of Reinforced Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Nanocomposite, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 31-40. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20130101.17
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