High-Tech Industrial Development VS. Climate Change of the Sonora-Baja California Region of Mexico
American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2013, Pages: 11-16
Received: May 12, 2013; Published: Jun. 10, 2013
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Authors
Gustavo López Badilla, IResearcher-Academic, Basic Sciences Deparment, Instituto Tecnológico de Mexicali, Mexicali, B.C., Mexico
María Marcela Acosta Gomez, IResearcher-Academic, Chemical Deparment, Instituto Tecnológico de Mexicali, Mexicali, B.C., Mexico
Elizabeth Romero Samaniego, IResearcher-Academic, Indusrial Engineering Deparment, Instituto Tecnológico de Ensenada, Ensenada, B.C., Mexico
Sandra Luz Toledo Perea, IResearcher-Academic, Indusrial Engineering Deparment, Instituto Tecnológico de Ensenada, Ensenada, B.C., Mexico
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Abstract
The industrialization of cities has generated considerable technological developments, with modern communication systems, specialized machinery and automated electronic systems. Large cities in Mexico, including Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey and Tijuana, as well as others that have grown enormously, were including the cities of the border areas with the U.S., the central and southern part of the country. High technology developed is considered better to the economic and educational growth, but causing damage to the environment due to lack of the environmental control. This has led to the generation of variations in climatic factors, especially humidity, temperature and solar radiation, contributing to the climate change. A study conducted in the northwest of Mexico in the states of Sonora (Agua Prieta, Ciudad Obregon, Hermosillo, Nogales and San Luis Rio Colorado cities) and Baja California (Ensenada, Mexicali and Tijuana cities), where has noted that in the past 20 years, have increased the number of companies, determined by the industrial plant organizations. This research was made in the years of 2007 to 2009. In this study we show analysis of environmental degradation, influenced by a portion of emissions to water, air and soil of companies and around of it. Another important factor is that the industrialized city population tends to grow which causes an increase in emissions of CO and NOX from motor vehicles, solid and water waste of domestic, industrial and commercial activities. This generates a large pollution in certain periods of the year, mostly in the winter time when emissions are concentrated to only a few meters above the ground. Increases of deterioration of the environment near of companies were correlated with the industries established in the mentioned cities from 1990 to 2010 (with statistical analysis trend at year end). This was made measuring the increase concentration of major air pollutants with equipment and specialized measurement techniques, and also was monitoring the humidity and temperature variations and pH analysis characterization in water and soil near of the industrial plants, to know about the acidity levels.
Keywords
High Technology, Industrialization, Climate Change, Pollution
To cite this article
Gustavo López Badilla, María Marcela Acosta Gomez, Elizabeth Romero Samaniego, Sandra Luz Toledo Perea, High-Tech Industrial Development VS. Climate Change of the Sonora-Baja California Region of Mexico, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 11-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20130101.13
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