Woody Species Richness and Diversity Following Successional Stages at Jello-Muktar Dry Afromontane Forest, South-eastern Ethiopia
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 259-269
Received: Aug. 13, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 29, 2019;
Published: Oct. 12, 2019
Views 600 Downloads 195
Muktar Mohammed, College of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Muktar Reshad, College of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Beyene, College of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Woody Species Richness and Diversity Following Successional Stages at Jello-Muktar Dry Afromontane Forest, South-eastern Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2019, pp. 259-269.
Abate Ayalew, Tamrat Bakele, Sebsebe Demissew. 2006. The undifferentiated fromontane Forest of Denkoro in the Central Highland of Ethiopia: Floristic and Structural Analysis. SINET. Journal of Science. 29: 45-56.
Abera A. and Yasin A. 2018. Diversity and Abundance of Woody Plant Species of Assosa Forest Field Gene, Benishanigul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Plant Biology & Research 6 (5): 1100.
Aide, T. M., J. K. Zimmerman, J. B. Pascarella, L. Rivera and H. Marcano-Vega. 2000. Forest regeneration in a chronosequence of tropical abandoned pastures: implications for restoration ecology. Restoration Ecology 8: 328-338.
Almazán-Núñez, María del Coro Arizmendi, Luis E. Eguiarte and PabloCorcuera. 2012. Changes in composition, diversity and structure of woody plants in successional stages of tropical dry forest in southwest Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 83: 1096-1109. DOI: 10.7550/rmb.30403.
Aravena, J. C., M. R. Carmona, C. A. Pérez and J. J. Armesto. 2002. Changes in tree species richness, stand structure and soil properties in a successional chronosequence in northern Chiloé, Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 75: 339-360.
Bongers, F., L. Poorter, W. D. Hawthorne and D. Sheil. 2009. The intermediate disturbance hypothesis applies to tropical forests, but disturbance contributes little to tree diversity. Ecology Letters 12: 1-8.
Ceccon, E., P. Huante and E. Rincón. 2006. Abiotic factors influencing tropical dry forests regeneration. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 49: 305-312.
Chapman, C. A. and L. J. Chapman. 1990. Density and growth rate of some tropical dry forest trees: Comparisons between successional forest types. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Society 117: 226-231.
Collins, S. L. and S. M. Glenn. 1997. Intermediate disturbance and its relationship to within- and between-patch dynamics. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21: 103-110.
Collins, S. L., S. M. Glenn and D. J. Gibson. 1995. Experimental analysis of intermediate disturbance and initial floristic composition: decoupling cause and effect. Ecology 76: 486-492.
Colwell, R. K. 2006. EstimateS: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 8. URL: http//viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/estimates
Colwell, R. K. and J. A. Coddington. 1994. Estimating terrestrial biodiversity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 345: 101-118.
Connell, J. H. 1978. Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Science 199: 1302-1310. Royal Society of London Series B 345: 101-118.
Connell, J. H and R. O. Slatyer. 1977. Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization. American Naturalist 111: 1119-1.
Cristian Echeverría Adrian C. Newton, Antonio Lara, José María Rey Benayas and David A. Coomes. 2007. Impacts of forest fragmentation on species composition and forest structure in the temperate landscape of southern Chile. Global Ecology and Biogeography.
Davies, J. S. and H. Semui. 2006. Competitive dominance in a secondary successional rain-forest community in Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 22: 53-64.
DeClerck, F. A. J., R. Chazdon, K. D. Holl, J. C. Milder, B. Finegan, A. Martínez-Salinas, P. Imbach, L. Canet and Z. Ramos. 2010. Biodiversity conservation in human modified landscapes of Mesoamerica: Past, present and future. Biological Conservation 143: 2301-2313.
Dinkissa Beche. 2011. Floristic Composition, Diversity and Structure of Woody Plant Species in Menagesha Suba State Forest, Central Ethiopia. M. Sc. Thesis Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa.
EMA (Ethiopian Mapping Agency). 1999. Bedessa (Kuni), Ethiopian Topo Sheet 1:50,000. ETH-4, 0840 B2, EMA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Egler, F. E. 1954. Vegetation science concepts I. Initial floristic composition – a factor in old-field vegetation development. Vegetation 4: 412-417.
Eyelachewu Zewdie. 1999. Selected Physical, Chemical and Mineralogical Characteristics of Major Soils Occurring in Chercher Highlands, Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources Vol. 1, No 2, pp 173-185.
Gentry, A. H. 1995. Diversity and floristic composition of neotropical dry forests. In Seasonally dry tropical forests, S. H. Bullock, H. A. Mooney and E. Medina. (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. p. 146-194.
Gillespie, T. W., A. Grijalva and C. N. Farris. 2000. Diversity, composition, and structure of tropical dry forests in Central America. Plant Ecology 147: 37-47.
Griscom, H. P. and M. S. Ashton. 2011. Restoration of dry tropical forests in Central America: A review of pattern and process. Forest Ecology and Management 161: 1564-1579.
Janzen, D. H. 1988b. Tropical dry forests: the most endangered major ecosystem. In Biodiversity, E. O. Wilson (ed.). National Academic Press. Washington. p. 130-137.
Jha, C. S. and S. J. Singh. 1990. Composition and dynamics of dry tropical forest in relation to soil texture. Journal of Vegetation Science 1: 609-614.
Kayes, L. J., P. D. Anderson and K. J. Puettmann. 2010. Vegetation succession among and within structural layers following wildfire in managed forests. Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 233-247.
Killeen, T. J. A. Jardim, F. Mamani and N. Rojas. 1998. Diversity, composition and structure of a tropical semi deciduous forest in the Chiquitanía region of Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14: 803-827.
Kitessa Hundera and Tsegaye Gadissa. 2008. Vegetation Composition and Structure of Belete Forest, Jimma Zone, South Western Ethiopia. Ethiopia. Journal of Biological Sciences 7 (1): 1-15.
Lulekal, E., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele& H. Yineger. 2008. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in ManaAngetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4: 10. dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-42694-10.
Madeira, B. G., M. M. Espírito-Santo, S. D. Neto, Y. R. F. Nunes, G. A. Sánchez-Azofeita, G. Wilson and Melese Bekele, 2016. Floristic Composition and Vegetation Structure of Woody Species in Lammo Natural Forest in Tembaro Woreda, Kambata-Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 49-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20160402.16.
Mesfin Tadesse & Lisanework Nigatu. 1996. An ecological and ethnobotanical study of wild or spontaneous coffee, Coffea arabica in Ethiopia. In: L. J. G. van der Maesen, X. M. van der Burgt, J. M. van Medenbach deRooy (eds.), The Biodiversity of African Plants. Proceedings XIVth AETFAT Congress, 22-27 August 1994, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Pp 277-294.
MOA/FAO/UNDP. 1983. Generalized Agroclimatic Map, Ethiopia. Assistance to Land Use Planning Project. FAO/UNDP-ETH/78/003. Addis Ababa. Ethiopia.
Mohammed Assen, P. A. L. le Roux, C. H. Barker, and Heluf Gebrekidan. 2005. Soils of Jelo Micro- Catchment in the Chercher Highlands of Eastern Ethiopia: I Morphological and Physicochemical Properties. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 7 (1): 55-81.
Muktar Reshad, Alemayehu Beyene, Muktar Mohammed. Woody Species Richness and Diversity at Ades Dry Afromontane Forest of SouthEastern Ethiopia. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 44-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20190702.12.
Murphy, P. G. and A. E. Lugo. 1986. Ecology of tropical dry forest. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic 17: 67-88.
Onaindia, M., I. Dominguez, I. Albizu, C. Garbisu and I. Amezaga. 2004. Vegetation diversity and vertical structure as indicators of forest disturbance. Forest Ecology and Management 195: 341-354.
Powers, J. S., J. M. Becknell, J. Irving and D. Pèrez-Aviles. 2009. Diversity and structure of regenerating tropical dry forests in Costa Rica: Geographic patterns and environmental drivers. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 959-970.
Roxburgh, S. H., K. Shea and J. Bastow. 2004. The intermediate disturbance hypothesis: patch dynamics and mechanisms of species coexistence. Ecology 85: 359-371.
Sabogal, C. 1992. Regeneration of tropical dry forests in central America, with examples from Nicaragua. Journal of Vegetation Science 3: 407-416.
Sanders, HL. 1968. Marine benthic diversity: a comparative study. American Naturalist 102: 243–282.
Simon Shibru and Girma Balcha. 2004. Composition, Structure and regeneration status of woody species in Dindin Natural Forest, Southeast Ethiopia: An implication for conservation. Ethiopian Journal of Biological Science. (1) 3: 15-35.
Shambel Bantiwalu. 2010. Floristic Composition, Structure and Regeneration Status of Plant Species in Sanka Meda Forest, Guna District, Arsi zone of Oromiya Region, Southeast Ethiopia.
Sisay. 2016. Vegetative structure, floristic composition and natural regeneration of a species in ylat forest in meket woreda, north eastern Ethiopia.
Tamrat Bekele. 1993. Vegetation and Ecology of Afromontane Forests on the Central Plateau of Shewa, Ethiopia. Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 79, 64 Pp.
Tansley, A. G. 1935. The use and abuse of vegetational concepts and terms. Ecology 16: 284-307.
Vieira, D. L. M. and A. Scariot. 2006. Principles of natural regeneration of tropical dry forests for restoration. Restoration Ecology 14: 11-20.