Analysis of the Course of Birth and the Early Postpartal Period in Pigs After Hormonal Partus Induction with Special Consideration of Complication Rate
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 29-39
Received: Mar. 12, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 22, 2019; Published: May 11, 2019
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Authors
Wolfgang Zaremba, Clinic for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Andrology of Large and Small Animals with Ambulatory Service, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
Thomas Udluft, Clinic for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Andrology of Large and Small Animals with Ambulatory Service, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
Klaus Failing, Unit for Biomathematics and Data Processing, Veterinary Faculty, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
Hartwig Bostedt, Clinic for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Andrology of Large and Small Animals with Ambulatory Service, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
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Abstract
The aim of this field study was to analyse the course of parturition in sows, differentiated by eutocia and dystocia, after previous partus synchronisation. The study included 1,975 sows of a closed herd divided into 5 groups: Sows having farrowed until or on day 114 post conception served as controls (A; n = 710). Sows in which parturition did not commence until or during day 114 were treated with a PGF2a-analogue (cloprostenol 175 mg IM). Sows which started to farrow within 24 hours post injection were assigned to group B (n = 719). Sows which did not start giving birth within 24 hrs post injection were treated with IM injection of either oxytocin (20 I. E.; group C; n = 180) or carbetocin in two different dosages (70 mg: group D, n = 175; or 35 mg: group E, n = 191). Sows were monitored continuously during the trial period. According to the results of analysis, time until beginning of the expulsion stage (II) was significantly shortened after partial partus induction in sows with eutocia in groups C, D, and E compared to group B (P £ 0.001). A statistically significant prolongation (P < 0,0001) was observed in sows with dystocia. The dystocia rates were: control group (A) 11.5%, group B 19.5%, group C 18.3%, group D 11.4%, and group E 13.6%. After partus induction, percentage of stillborn piglets (eutocia) showed an overall significant decrease (P < 0.002 – 0.05) in correlation to reduction of duration of parturition.
Keywords
Sows, Partus Synchronization, Eutocia-/Dystocia-Proportion
To cite this article
Wolfgang Zaremba, Thomas Udluft, Klaus Failing, Hartwig Bostedt, Analysis of the Course of Birth and the Early Postpartal Period in Pigs After Hormonal Partus Induction with Special Consideration of Complication Rate, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 29-39. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20190702.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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