Inclusion of Fresh Raw Material on Tilapia Fry Diets Growth Under Aquaponics System
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 27-32
Received: Jan. 27, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 18, 2017; Published: Mar. 9, 2017
Views 2711      Downloads 150
Authors
Martin Ramírez Sánchez, Bajío Experimental Station, National Institute of Forestry, Agriculture, and Livestock, Celaya-San Miguel de Allende, Celaya, México
Enrique González Pérez, Bajío Experimental Station, National Institute of Forestry, Agriculture, and Livestock, Celaya-San Miguel de Allende, Celaya, México
Salvador Villalobos Reyes, Bajío Experimental Station, National Institute of Forestry, Agriculture, and Livestock, Celaya-San Miguel de Allende, Celaya, México
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This research was conducted in a greenhouse in Bajío Experimental Station of INIFAP to study the effects of inclusion of fresh raw material dietary on growth performance, food conversion rate, percentage of weight gained and the survival rate in Nile Tilapia fry. The diets consisted are as follow: 1) 60% commercial feed + 40% live worm; 2) 50% commercial feed + 40% live worm + 10% alfalfa dry leaf; 3) 60% commercial feed + 40% beetle larvae; 4) 60% commercial food + 40% beetle larvae; 5) 100% commercial feed. The fresh raw material levels positively influenced (P > 0.05) the specific growth rate and final weight. The growth parameters studied indicate that diets formulated with ingredients of plant and animal origin were the best diets for tilapia fry during the growth period. These results indicate that the fresh raw material could be incorporated in the diet of Tilapia fry with cost benefit.
Keywords
Feed Commercial, Growth Performance, Ingredients, Tilapia Fry
To cite this article
Martin Ramírez Sánchez, Enrique González Pérez, Salvador Villalobos Reyes, Inclusion of Fresh Raw Material on Tilapia Fry Diets Growth Under Aquaponics System, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 27-32. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20170502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Adu-Obirikorang, K., S. Amisah, S. C. Fialor, and P. V. Skov. 2015. Effects of dietary inclusions of oil seed meals on physical characteristics and feed intake of diets for the Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture Report 1: 43-49.
[2]
Ahmadr, M. H. 2008. Response of African Catfish, Clarias gariepinus, to different dietary protein and lipid levels in practical diets. Journal World Aquaculture Society 39: 541-548.
[3]
Alhadhrami, G. A. and O. M. Yousif.1994. An initial evaluation of camel and cow manures as dietary ingredients in pelleted feed for blue tilapia (Orechromis aureus). Biores Technol 50: 265-268.
[4]
Anderson, J., A. J. Jackson, A. J. Matty, and B. S. Capper.1984. Effect of dietary carbohydrates and fibre on the tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linn.). Aquaculture 37: 303-314.
[5]
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (A. O. A. C.). 2009. Official Methods of Analysis, 16th ed. AOAC, Arlington, VA.
[6]
Blanco, R. J. C., and M. L. E. Torres.2010. Evaluación de una alternativa alimenticia a base de quironomideo para mojarras (Oreochromis sp) en la granja Villa Nancy del municipio de Florencia-Caqueta, Colombia. Revista electrónica de Veterinaria 11: 1695-7504.
[7]
Castro, R., I. Zarra, and J. Lamas.2004. Water soluble seaweed extracts modulate the respiratory burst activity of turbot phagocytes. Aquaculture 229: 67-78.
[8]
Chareontesprasit, N., and W. Jiwyam.2001. An evaluation of Wolffia Meal (Wolffia arrhiza) in replacing soybean meal in some formulated rations of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 4: 618-620.
[9]
Cifuentes, R., J. González, G. Montoya, A. Jara, P. P. Ortiz, and E. Habit.2012. Weight-length relationships and condition factor of native fish from San Pedro River (Valdivia River basin, Chile). Gayana Especial 76: 101-110.
[10]
Corella, E., Y. Acosta, N. N. Betancourt, E. L. Castellanos, A. M. Gómez, V. Téllez, and M. J. Cerdá.2002. Utilización de la pulpa de café en la alimentación de alevines de tilapia roja. Revista AquaTIC 16.
[11]
Diaz, D., J. L. Cova, A. Castro, D. E. García, and F. Perea. 2008. Growth and production dynamics of the red californian earthworm (Eisenia foetida Sav.) in four substrat based on bovine manure. Agricultura Andina 13: 39-55.
[12]
El-Sayed, A. M.1994. Evaluation of soybean meal, spirulina meal and chicken offtal meal as protein sources for silver seabream (Rhabdosargus sarba) fingerlings. Aquaculture 127: 169-176.
[13]
Evans, J. J., D. J. Pasnik, H. Peres, and P. H. Klesius.2005. No apparent differences in intestinal histology of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fed heat-treated and non-heattreated raw soybean meal. Aquaculture Nutrition 11: 123-129.
[14]
Fontaínhas-Fernandes, A., E. Gomes, M. A. Reis-Henriques, and J. Coimbra.1999. Replacement of fish meal by plant proteins in the diet of Nile tilapia: digestibility and growth performance. Aquaculture International 7: 57-67.
[15]
Francis, G., H. P. S. Makkar, and K. Becker.2001. Antinutritional factors present in plant-derived alternate fish feed ingredients and their effects in fish. Aquaculture 119: 197-227.
[16]
Fulton, T.1902. Rates of growth of sea-fishes. Scientific Investigations, Fishery Division of Scotland Report 20: 1-22.
[17]
Glencross, B. D., W. E. Hawkins, D. Evans, N. Rutherford, K. Dods, and P. R. McCafferty.2008. Evaluation of the influence of Lupinus angustifolius kernel meal on dietary nutrient and energy utilization efficiency by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture Nutrition 14: 129-138.
[18]
Gómez-Ponce, M. A., K. Granados-Flores, C. Padilla, M. López-Hernández, and G. Núñez-Nogueira.2011. Age and growth of the hybrid tilapia Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aureus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) in the dam “Zimapan” Mexico. Revista Biología Tropical 59: 761-770.
[19]
Graber, A., and R. Junge.2009. Aquaponic systems: nutrient recycling from fish wastewater by vegetable production. Desalination 246: 147-156.
[20]
Gunasekara, M., F. Shim, and J. Lam.1995. Effect of dietary protein level on puberty, oocyte growth and egg chemical composition in the tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquaculture 134: 169-183.
[21]
Guo, Y. X., X. H. Dong, B. P. Tan, S. Y. Chi, Q. H. Yang, and G. Chen.2011. Partial replacement of soybean meal by sesame meal in diets of juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. Aquaculture Research 42:1298- 1307.
[22]
Jover, M., L. Zaragoza, L. Pérez, and J. Fernández.1993. Resultados preliminares de crecimiento de tilapias. (Oreochromis niloticus) alimentadas con piensos extrusionados de diferente contenido en proteína. In Abstract of the 4th national congress on aquaculture, 21-24 September 1993, Illa de Arousa.
[23]
Kruskal, W. H., and W. A. Wallis.1952. Use of ranks in one-criterion variance analysis. Journal American Statistical Association 47: 583-621.
[24]
Li, Y., B. A. Moreira, D. D. Allen, W. Zhang, and X. Zhu.2013. Protein: energy ratio in practical diets for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture International 21: 1109-1119.
[25]
Luna-Figueroa, J., Z. T. J. Vargas, and T. J. Figueroa.2010. Live food as an alternative diet to larvae and juveniles of Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein, 1823). Avances en Investigación Agrícola 14: 63-72.
[26]
Moreno, M. J., J. G. Hernández, R. Rovero, A. Tablante, and L. Rangel.2000. Tilapia feeding supplemented with orange peel. Food Science and Technology 3: 29-33.
[27]
Moraes de Oliveira, M., T. Ribeiro, T. M. Orlando, D. García Silva de Oliveira, D. M. Martins, R. T. Fonseca de Freitas, and P. Vieira.2014. Effects crude protein levels on female Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) reproductive performance parameters. Animal Reproduction Science 150: 62-69.
[28]
Owusu-Frimpong, M., and B. Nijjhar.1981. Induced sex reversal in tilapia nilotica (cichlidae) with methyl testosterone. Hydrobiologia 78: I57-160.
[29]
Poot-Delgado, A. C., R. A. Salazar-Novelo, and M. F. Hernández-Hernández.2009. Evaluación de dietas comerciales sobre el crecimiento de Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) (LINNAEUS), etapa crianza. In: Abstract of the 2nd international congress of research. Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua, México.
[30]
Refstie, S., S. Sahlstrom, E. Brathen, G. Baeverfjord, and P. Krogedal.2005. Lactic acid fermentation eliminates indigestible carbohydrates and antinutritional factors in soybean meal for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 246: 331-345.
[31]
Ruiz, P. M. A., P. C. A. Montoya, F. L. A. Álvarez, F. J. E. Muñoz, and C. L. Fernando.2009. Mass selection by weight and coloration in red tilapia. Acta Agronómica 58: 109-114.
[32]
Sales-Dávila, F.1996. Harina de lombriz, alternativa proteica en trópico y tipos de alimento. Folia Amazónica 8: 77-90.
[33]
Sánchez-Cardozo, L. M., G. H. Ospina-Salazar, M. Santos-Acevedo, J. López-Navarro, and J. Gómez-León.2014. Efecto de la dieta en el crecimiento y supervivencia de crías de caballito de mar Hippocampus reidi en condiciones de laboratorio. Bulletin of Marine and Coastal Research 43: 7-22.
[34]
Schulz, C., M. Huber, and J. Ofunji.2008. Effects of varying dietary protein to lipid ratios on growth performance and body composition of juvenile pike perch (Sander lucioperca). Aquaculture Nutrition 14: 166-173.
[35]
Statistical Analysis System.2011. SAS on line Doc. Versión 9.1. SAS Intitute Inc., Cary, North Carolina.
[36]
Tacon, A. G., K. Jauncey, A. Falaye, M. Pantha, I. McGowan, and E. A. Stafford.1983. The use of meat and bone meal, hydrolysed and soybean meal in practical fry and fingerling diets for Oreochromis niloticus. In: Abstracts of the 1rd International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. Tel Aviv University Press. Tel Aviv.
[37]
Timmons, M. B., J. Ebeling, F. Wheaton, S. Summmerfelt, and B. Vinci.2002. Recirculating aquaculture systems. Public No.01, 769.2nd ed. Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Ithaca NY. USA.
[38]
Wang, Y., J. L. Guo, and K. Li.2006. Effects of dietary protein and energy levels on growth, feed utilization and body composition of cuneate drum (Nibea miichthioides). Aquaculture 252: 421-428.
[39]
Wee, K. L., and L. T. Ng.1986. Use of cassava as an energy source in a pelleted feed for the tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. Aquaculture Fish Management 17: 129-138.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186