Biosecurity Measures and Constraints Among Rural Poultry Farmers in Zamfara State, Nigeria
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 47-51
Received: Apr. 6, 2016; Accepted: Apr. 18, 2016; Published: Aug. 4, 2016
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Authors
Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Nigeria
Muhammad Bashir Bello, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Nigeria
Sanusi Muhammad Bello, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Nigeria
Yusuf Saheed, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Fatima Muhammad Balla, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Nigeria
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Abstract
Poor biosecurity and Newcastle disease continues to be a major constraint to rural poultry production system in Nigeria. This study was conducted among 200 poultry farmers in the state with the use of questionnaire to assess the level of biosecurity and constraints among rural poultry farmers in six Local Government Areas of Zamfara State, Nigeria. Information obtained from respondents showed that, only about 12% of the farmers practice combination of hand washing and footbath in their poultry pens as well. Only about 13% of the farmers most times clean their pens and 50% of the respondents dispose carcasses by refuse dumping. Newcastle disease is reported as the most common disease and the major clinical signs were greenish diarrhoea and twisting of neck. During outbreaks the most farmers preferred to slaughter (42.5%), while the others treat (27.0%) the birds with veterinary methods. Antibiotics (25.0%), antiviral agents (4.0%) and local remedies (33.0%). Most of the respondents (53.0%) sometimes clean their poultry pen. Finally, it concluded that, the low level of commercial poultry production in the study area might be due to poor practices by the farmers. So, it is recommended that, government should put program about training poultry farmers on biosecurity, disease prevention and the adoption of modern husbandry practices suitable for the traditional poultry production system.
Keywords
Biosecurity, Rural Poultry Farmer, Newcastle Disease, Zamfara State
To cite this article
Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril, Muhammad Bashir Bello, Sanusi Muhammad Bello, Yusuf Saheed, Fatima Muhammad Balla, Biosecurity Measures and Constraints Among Rural Poultry Farmers in Zamfara State, Nigeria, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 47-51. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20160404.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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