A Post-Mortem Qualitative Radiographic Study of the Foot with Special Reference to the Digital Lesions in Culling Lame Cows
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 4, July 2013, Pages: 27-31
Received: Aug. 5, 2013; Published: Aug. 30, 2013
Views 2842      Downloads 129
Authors
Mohsen Nouri, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Alireza Vajhi, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Seyyed Hossein Marjanmehr, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Iradj Nowrouzian, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Davoud Faskhoudi, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
This cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out on 43 samples of culled lame cows with digit disorders which were collected from slaughterhouse. After recording information for each cow, at least four radiographs were taken from amputated limb. New bone formation, osteolysis, soft tissue swelling and gas density were indices considered for assessing the severity of the disease. The prevalence rate of claw lesion among all cases was 69.7 per cent. Most lesions were mainly due to the effect of non-infectious lesions such as toe ulcer (3; 6.9 %), white line disease (5; 11.6 %), heel ulcer (6; 13.9 %), abaxial groove lesions (7; 16.2 %) and sole ulcers (9; 20.9 %), respectively. There were 20.5 % and 79.5 % cows with locomotion scores of 4 and 5, respectively. The most prominent radiographic abnormalities were noted in the P3 region of culling lame cows: widened vascular channels (23.2 %), extensor process entheseophyte (62.7 %), flexor tuberosity entheseophyte (65.1 %), osteolysis at the tip of the pedal bone (9.3 %), osteolysis of the plantar tuberisity (58.1 %) and abaxial wall (6.9 %), chip fracture (2.3 %), pathologic fracture (18.6 %), symmetric swelling (23.2 %), asymmetric swelling (69.7 %) and gas density into the claw (9.3 %). Septic arthritis and increase in joint width (18.6 %), bony ankylosis and subluxation (13.9 %) were noted in the Joints. In conclusion, radiography revealed the extent of osseous changes in cattle affected with laminitis, provided valuable additional information and confirmed the diagnosis and prognosis where a normal clinical examina¬tion seems inadequate.
Keywords
Claw, Cow, Deep Septic, Digit, Lameness, Radiology
To cite this article
Mohsen Nouri, Alireza Vajhi, Seyyed Hossein Marjanmehr, Iradj Nowrouzian, Davoud Faskhoudi, A Post-Mortem Qualitative Radiographic Study of the Foot with Special Reference to the Digital Lesions in Culling Lame Cows, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2013, pp. 27-31. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20130104.11
References
[1]
Esslemont RG, Kossaibati MA. Culling in 50 dairy herds in England. Vet Rec. 1997; 140 (2): 36-39.
[2]
O'Brien RT, Biller DS. Clinical applications of radiography and ancillary imaging. Vet Clinic North Am, Food Anim. 1996; 12, 263-275.
[3]
Nouri M, Vajhi A, Nowrouzian I, Marjanmehr SH, Faskhoudi D. "Rusterholz" ulcer in culling cows: clinical and radiographic interpretation. Iran J Vet Surg. 2008; 3(1): 29-36.
[4]
Whitaker DA, Kelly JM, Smith EJ. Incidence of lameness in dairy cows. Vet Rec. 1983; 113(3): 60-62.
[5]
Booth CJ, Warnick LD, Grohn YT, Maizon DO, Guard CL, Janssen D. Effect of lameness on culling of dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2004; 87(12): 4115– 4122.
[6]
Cramer G, Lissemore K, Kelton D, Guard Ch, Leslie K. The association between hoof lesion and culling risk in Ontario dairy cows. Proceedings of the American Association of Bovine Practitioner, 2006; 39: 242-243.
[7]
Jubb TF, Malmo J. Lesions causing lameness requiring veterinary treatment in pasture-fed dairy cows in east Gippsland. Aust Vet J. 1991; 68(1): 21-24.
[8]
Bargai U. Applied techniques for diagnosis of lameness in cattle. Proceedings of the Vlth International Symposium on Diseases of the Ruminant Digit, 16 Jul, Liverpool, UK. 1990; 42-44.
[9]
Greenough PR. Observations on some of the diseases of the bovine foot. Part II. Vet Rec. 1962; 74: 53-63.
[10]
Bargai U. Radiological diagnosis of the foot, In: Bargai U, Pharr J, Morgan JP. (Eds): Bovine Radiology. Ames, IA, Iowa state University Press. 1989; 29-64.
[11]
Farrow JW. Digital infection in cattle, their radiologic spectrum. Vet Clinic North Ame, Food Anim. 1985; 1: 53-65.
[12]
Moldovan M, Bolte S., Igna C. Radiological research on the phalangeal changes in pododermatitis circumscripta in cattle. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Diseases of the Ruminant Digit, 16-20 July, Liverpool, UK. 1990; 269-275.
[13]
Nouri M., Nowrouzian I, Vajhi A, Marjanmehr SH, Faskhoudi D. Ankylosis of the digit bones in six culling lame cows. Iran J Vet Surg. 2007; 2(3): 66-77.
[14]
Rusterholz A. The specific traumatic sole ulcer of claws in cattle. Schweizer Archiv Fur Tierheilkunde 1920; 62: 421-466.
[15]
Zantiga JW. A comparative radiological and clinical study of the typical lesion of the sole (ulceration of the sole) in cattle. Neth J Vet Sci. 1973; 5: 88-97.
[16]
Sprecher DJ, Hostetler DE, Kaneene JB. A lameness scoring system that uses posture and gait to predict dairy cattle reproductive performance. Theriogen. 1997; 47(6): 1179–1187.
[17]
Lisher Ch J, Koller U, Geyer H, Ossent P, Auer JA. Relation between radiological findings at claws and the healing process of sole ulcer in dairy cow. Tierarztl Prax. 2001; 29(3), 122-127.
[18]
Greenough PR, Mac Callum FJ, Weaver AD. Lameness in cattle. 2nd edn. Bristol John Wright and Sons. 1981; 70-81.
[19]
Moser E. and M. Westhues, Leitfaden der hufund klauenkrankheiten stuttgar: Enk, 1950; 35-89.
[20]
Gantke S, Nuss K, Kostlin R. Radiologic findings in bovine laminitis. Tierarztl Prax Ausg Grosstiere Nutztiere. 1998; 26(5): 239-46.
[21]
Maclean CW. A post-mortem x-ray study of laminitis in barley beef animals. Vet Rec. 1970; 86(16): 457-462.
[22]
Greenough PR, Vermunt JJ, McKinnon JJ, Fathy FA, Berg PA, Cohen RDH. Laminitis-like changes in the claws of feedlot cattle. Can Vet J. 1990; 31(3): 202-208.
[23]
Nuss K, Gantke S, Kostlin R, Fuhrmann U. Radiology of laminitis in cattle. Proceedings of the 19th world buiatrics, 8-12 July, Edinburgh, Scotland, GB, 1996; 126.
[24]
Kofler J. Clinical study of toe ulcer and necrosis of the apex of the distal phalanx in 53 cattle. Vet J. 1999; 157(2):139-147.
[25]
Hashemi M., A. Veshkini, Nowrouzian I. Radiographic feature of white line disease in dairy cattle. Proceeding of the 4th Convention of Iranian Veterinary Clinicians, 31 May-2 June, Urmia, Iran, 2005; 175-6 (in Farsi).
[26]
Orsini JA. Strategies for treatment of bone and joint infections in large animals. J Ame Vet Med Assoc 1984; 185(10): 1190-3.
[27]
Boosman, R. Bovine laminitis; histologic and arteriography aspects, and its relation to endotoxaemia. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht. Utrecht, Netherlands. 1990.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186