International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2019, Pages: 31-40
Received: Oct. 2, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 18, 2019;
Published: Oct. 25, 2019
Views 528 Downloads 81
Lokendra Kaushal, Department of Civil Engineering, Future Institute of Engineering & Technology, Bareilly, India
Mohd Rashid, Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshree Institute of Engineering & Technology, Bareilly, India
In recent years, cold formed steel sections are used more and more as primary framing components as well as secondary structural systems. The geometry can significantly influence the stability response of cold formed steel members. This reportis an investigation concerning the structural behavior of the cold formed steel beams and their failure modes. The beam profile is cold formed steel section and experimental procedure on cold formed steel section is conducted. Thin sheet steel products are extensively used in building industry, and range from purlins to roof sheeting and floor decking. Generally, these are available for use as basic building elements for assembly at site or as prefabricated frames or panels. These thin steel sections are cold-formed, i.e. their manufacturing process involves forming steel sections in a cold state (i.e. without application of heat) from steel sheets of uniform thickness. Sometimes they are also called Light Gauge Steel Sections or Cold Rolled Steel Sections. The thickness of steel sheet used in cold formed section construction was 3.1 mm. The method of manufacturing is important as it differentiates these products from hot rolled steel sections. Normally, the yield strength of steel sheets used in cold-formed sections is at least 280 N/mm2, although there is a trend to use steels of higher strengths, and sometimes as low as 230 N/mm2.
Load Bearing Strength of Innovative I-Shapes of Cold Formed Steel Sections, International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2019, pp. 31-40.
AISI S100 (2012) North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members. 2012 Edition American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, USA.
Winter G, Pian RHJ (1946) Crushing Strength of Thin Steel Webs. Engineering Experiment Station Cornell University Ithaca NY.
Zetlin L (1955) Elastic instability of flat plates subjected to partial edge loads. Journal of the Structural Division.
Hetrakul N, Yu WW (1978) Structural Behaviour of Beam Webs subjected to Web Crippling and a combination of Web crippling and bending. Civil engineering study University of Missouri-Rolla, USA.
Yu WW (1981) Web Crippling and Combined Web Crippling and Bending of Steel Decks. Civil Engineering Study 81-2, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO.
Santaputra C (1986) Web crippling of high strength of cold-formed steel beams. University of Missouri-Rolla, USA.
Santaputra C, Parks MB, Yu WW (1989) Web-crippling strength of cold formed steel beams. J StructEng 115: 2511-2527.
Bhakta BH, LaBoube RA, Yu WW (1992) The Effect of Flange Restraint on Web Crippling Strength. Final Report, Civil Engineering Study 92-1, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO.
Wing BA (1981) Web crippling and interaction of bending and web crippling of unreinforced multi-web cold-formed steel sections. University of Waterloo, Waterloo Canada.
Wing BA, Schuster RM (1982) Web crippling of decks subjected to two flange loading. Proceeding of the 6yh International Specialty Conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO.
Parabakaran K (1993) Web Crippling of Cold Formed Steel Sections. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo, Canada.
Beshara B, Schuster RM (2000) Web Crippling Data and Calibrations of Cold Formed Steel Members. Research Report, RP00-2, American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, USA.
Young B, Hancock GJ (1998) Web Crippling Behavior of Cold-Formed Unlipped Channels. Proceedings of the 14th International specialty conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures, University of Missouri Rolla, USA.
Prabakaran K, Schuster PM (1998) Web crippling of cold-formed steel members. Proceedings of the 14th International Specialty Conference on Coldformed Steel Structures, S1. Louis, University of Missouri-Rolla, MO.
Beshara B (1999) Web crippling of cold-formed steel members. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.
Schafer BW, Pekoz T (1998) Direct strength prediction of cold-formed steel members using numerical elastic buckling solutions. 14th International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures, St., Louis, MO.
Choy MY, Jia XF, Yuan X, Zhou J, Wang HS, et al. (2014) Direct Strength Method for Web Crippling of Cold-Formed Steel C- and Z- Sections Subjected to Two-Flange Loading. Proceedings of Annual Stability Conference, Structural Stability Research Council, Toronto, Canada.
Langan JE, Yu WW (1994) Structural Behaviour of Perforated web elements of Cold-Formed Steel Flexural Members Subjected to Web crippling and a combination of Web Crippling and Bending. Civil Engineering Study, Missouri University of Science and Technology, USA.
Dutta, B. N. “Estimate & Costing in Civil Engineering.”
Jain, A. K., “Reinforced Concrete, Limit State design.”
Punamia, B C., Jain, A., Jain, A. K. “RCC Designs (Reinforced Concrete Structure)”.
Varghese, P. C, “Design of Reinforced Concrete Structure.”