Foundations of Value Disorientation in Africa: Example of the Nigerian Education System
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 215-219
Received: Aug. 31, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 15, 2019;
Published: Dec. 25, 2019
Views 261 Downloads 94
Stephen Asombu Saa-Aondo, Department of Mass Communication, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Human personality is a product of cultural ideologies transmitted via institutions of socialisation – family, schools, religion, and the mass media. The school system is responsible for secondary socialisation of citizens after the family. The major obligation is the purposeful creation and strengthening of personality, to give the citizens proper formation so that they can integrate socially and take up responsibilities in the various facts of the society. The success or otherwise of this obligation depends on the values that dominate the learning environment of the citizens. Using the tenets of Skinner’s learning theory of personality, this study seeks to establish a relationship between the prevalent environment of learning and the high rate of value disorientation in Nigeria. The paper combines ethnographic observation and conceptual review methods. Some of the factors of value disorientation identified include, discordant religious doctrines in schools, marketing of schools with examination fraud, and environment of injustice and human rights abuse. The study recommends that government should separate religious education from formal education so that Nigerian schools will no longer be used as avenues of inculcating discordant religious beliefs and doctrines; and that the national and state houses of assembly should make legislations that will empower students to demand for justice when their rights are violated.
Stephen Asombu Saa-Aondo,
Foundations of Value Disorientation in Africa: Example of the Nigerian Education System, Humanities and Social Sciences. Special Issue: Digital Media and Cultural Globalisation: The Fate of African Value System.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2019, pp. 215-219.
United Nations. (2017). The Sustainable Development Goals Report. Retrieved from https://sdgactioncampaign.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/TheSustainableDevelopmentGoalsReport 2017.pdf
Crisogen, D. T. (2015). Types of socialization and their importance in understanding the phenomena of socialization. European Journal of Social Sciences, 2 (4), pp. 331-336.
Odia, L. O. & Omofonmwan, S. I. (2007). Educational system in Nigeria problems and prospects. Journal of Social Science, 14 (1), pp. 81-86.
Egbefo, D. O. (2012). Corruption in the Nigerian educational system: it’s implication in manpower and national development in the age of globalization. Journal of Arts and Education, 6 (2), pp. 149-266.
Umo, U. A. (2014). Forms and sources of conflict in Nigerian educational system: the search for Nigerian Psyche. Global journal of educational research 13, pp. 101-108. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjer.v13i2.6.
Oladele, O. O. & Oladele, I. T. (2016). Depression and suicidal ideation among college students with and without learning disabilities in Nigeria. The European Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences, EJSBS XVI, pp. 2084-2100. http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/ejsbs.187
Mbagwu, J. U. (2018). Ethical issues in Nigerian education a philosophical rejoinder. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 11 (3), 357-371.
Aishwarya, S. (n. d). Learning Theory by B. F. Skinner. Retrieved from http://www.psychologydiscussion.net/learning/learning-theory/learning-theory-by-b-f-skinner/1928
Sincero, S. M. (2012). Behaviourist Theories of Personality. Retrieved from Explorable. com: https://explorable.com/behaviourist-theories-of-personality
[10 Pescaru, M. (2019). The importance of the socialization process for the integration of the child in the society. Available on https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330076266.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004). National Policy on Education, (4th Edition). Lagos: Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) Press.
International Centre for Academic Integrity (2013). The Fundamental Values of Academic Integrity, (Second Edition). Clemson University: International Center for Academic Integrity.
United States Institute of Peace (2012). What is Boko Haram? Special Report. Available on https://www.usip.org/publications/2012/05/what-boko-haram
Emaikwu, S. O. (2012). Assessing the impact of examination malpractice on the measurement of ability in Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education, 2 (4), pp.748-757.
Akinyemi, A. (2018). Education disaster as illiterate graduates are reported by NYSC. Retrieved from https://www.inigerian.com/education-disaster-as-illiterate-graduates-are-reported-by-nysc/
Aluko, O. (2019). Some graduates can’t recite English alphabet-NYSC. The Punch. Retrieved https://punchng.com/some-graduates-cant-recite-english-alphabet-nysc/
Omonigho, M. (2019). Most Nigerian graduates can’t spell their names-Varsity Don. Retrieved from https://dailypost.ng/2019/05/12/nigerian-graduates-cant-spell-names-varsity-don/
Peter, A. (2019). Many Nigerian civil servants parade fake certificates–Don. Retrieved from https://punchng.com/many-nigerian-civil-servants-parade-fake-certificates
SaharaReporters (2019). UNCOVERED: 769 Civil Servants Working With 'Fake And Forged Certificates' In Osun. Retrieved from http://saharareporters.com/2019/04/19/uncovered-769-civil-servants-working-fake-and-forged-certificates-osun
Azeez, B. (2018). Unilorin student commits suicide over failure of project. Retrieved from https://tribuneonlineng.com/unilorin-student-commits-suicide-over-failure-of-project/
The Punch (2019). Another final-year UNN student commits suicide. Retrieved from https://punchng.com/another-final-year-unn-student-commits-suicide/
Emmanson, J. (2019). Another UNIBEN Final Year Student Commits Suicide. Retrieved from https://leadership.ng/2019/07/15/another-uniben-final-year-student-commits-suicide/
Abia, U. (2019). OAU: Final year student commits suicide. Retrieved from https://firstreportsonline.com/oau-final-year-student-commits-suicide/
Kabir, A. (2019). Sex-for-mark Scandal: One year after, UNILAG keeps mum over allegation against professor. Retrieved from https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/333139-sex-for-mark-scandal-one-year-after-unilag-keeps-mum-over-allegation-against-professor.html
Nseyen, N. (2019). Sex-for-marks: Ekiti State University speaks on scandal involving its lecturer, student. Retrieved from https://dailypost.ng/2019/06/15/sex-marks-ekiti-state-university-speaks-scandal-involving-lecturer-student/
Egbejule, M. (2019). ASUU must show neutrality in sex-for-marks scandals-AAU VC. Retrieved from https://guardian.ng/news/asuu-must-show-neutrality-in-sex-for-marks-scandals-aau-vc/.