The Four-stage Values-based Chinese College Student Leadership Development Model
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 177-184
Received: Sep. 15, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 7, 2019; Published: Oct. 24, 2019
Views 411      Downloads 113
Wenyan Weng, Institute of Leadership Studies, China Executive Leadership Academy Pudong, Shanghai, China
Wenfan Yan, College of Education and Human Development, University of Massachusetts-Boston, Boston, USA
Article Tools
Follow on us
In the age of globalization and information, the core competitiveness among countries comes from the rising need of leadership talents, especially for young leaders. Within colleges in the United States, Leadership curriculum has been well developed, and leadership course standards as well as several theoretical models have been established. In contrast, there are no formal leadership development models in Chinese colleges. The value cultivation mechanism of Chinese college students has a lack of effectiveness. The values and principles of a leader are the key factors that determine their visions and goals. Values are the core of leadership. It is necessary to build formal leadership courses, especially the value-based leadership curriculum, in current Chinese universities and colleges. Based on Chinese values, philosophy, main national conditions and current leadership theories, a four-stage leadership development model was proposed and applied to several Chinese universities in Shanghai for several years. Specifically, this paper is based on a qualitative study that was conducted on six leadership courses in a Shanghai university of China. The two data sources included text analysis of 247 student learning summaries and focus group interviews of 34 selected outstanding student leaders. Based on the text analysis and focus group interviews, it is found that the value -based leadership development model has high student satisfaction and can help students to build positive values especially socialist core values in Chinese society. The model was approved to be more systematic and emphasizes students' subjectivity and internal psychological development trends which is from leadership psychology, leadership thinking, leadership concept to leadership behavior. It is argued that this model would help to explore value-based leadership with Chinese characteristics and can become a new way to apply value education in Chinese Colleges and Universities. Future research will focus on more empirical studies in other areas of China.
Value-based, Student Leadership Development, Chinese Colleges
To cite this article
Wenyan Weng, Wenfan Yan, The Four-stage Values-based Chinese College Student Leadership Development Model, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2019, pp. 177-184. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20190705.15
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Xi J. P. Winning the Great Victory of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era by Building a Well-off Society in an All-round Way: Report at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China [R]. People's Publishing House, 2017.
Xi J. P., The Governance [M]. China International Publishing Group, 2014: 172.
Wei X. C., The Quality of Cultivating Moral Subjectivity: Important Proposition of Modern moral Education theory [J]. Education Research, 1996 (3).
Qiu G. Y., Studies of Socialist Core Values Education [M]. People's Publishing House, 2014: 118-110.
Xu G. Q., Empirical Analysis on the Integration of Socialist Core Values into National Education [J], Research on MAO Zedong and Deng Xiaoping Theory, 2014 (2): 44-49.
Lan S. O., Investigation on the Status and Cultivation Methods of Socialist Core Values of "post-90s" Vocational College Students [J], Adult Education, 2013 (9): 45-47.
Zhang S. Y., Dai Y. Q., An analysis on Core Values Education Paradigm: based on the Core Values Education in Singapore colleges and universities [J], MAO Zedong and Deng Xiaoping Theory Research, 2013 (9): 34-39.
Zimmerman-Oster, K., Burkhardt, J. C. Leadership in the making: Impact and insights from leadership development designed in U.S. Colleges and universities [R]. The Battle Greek, MI: W. K. Kellogg Foundation. 1999.
Wagner, W. What is social change? In Komives, S. R. & Wagner, W. (Eds.) Leadership for a better world: Understanding the social change model of Leadership development [M]. San Francisco, CA: Jossey - Bass. 2009: 7-41.
American Association of Colleges & Universities [AAC&U], College learning for the New global century [M]. Washington, DC: Author. 2007.
Weng, W. Y., Developing College Student Leadership: A New Carrier of Core Values Education in Chinese Colleges and Universities [J], Contemporary Educational Science, 2013 (11): 32-35.
Xi, J. R., Strategic Thinking of Chinese Leadership Education for College Students [J], Contemporary Youth Research, 2012 (5): 23-28.
Zhang Z. Q. & Chen Z. Q., Analysis and Reflection on the value orientation of Student leadership education [J], Chinese Journal of Ideological and Theoretical Education, 2015 (2): 96.
Weng, W. Y. & Yan, W. F., Leadership for Social Change: findings from Chinese College Students [J]. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 2018, 15 (4): 120-129.
Diao, J., Chen Z. Q. & Zheng, F., A Study on the Social Responsibility Leadership of Shanghai University Students [J]. Contemporary Youth Research, 2013 (3): 77-84.
Tao, S. L., Chinese college students leadership development and education model research [M]. East China Normal University Press, 2015, 76-88.
Weng, W. Y., An empirical study on Student leadership Programs based on Chinese Socialist core values [J]. Journal of Youth Research, 2017 (3): 80-86.
Li D. S. Axiology [M]. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 2007.
Vielmetter, G. & Sell, Y. Leadership 2030: the six magetrends you need to understand to lead your company into the future [M]. New York: Hay Group Holding, Inc. 2014.
Spaulding, T., The Heart Led Leader: how living and leading from the heart will change your organization and your life [M]. New York: Crown Business, 2015.
Rosen, B., Grounded: How leaders stay rooted in an uncertain world [M]. Jossey-Bass. 2014.
Barsh, J, & Lavoie, J. Centered Leadership: Leading with purpose, clarity, and impact [M]. New York: Crown Business, 2014.
Maxwell, J. C. The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership: Follow Them and People will Follow You (10th Anniversary Edition) [M]. Harper Collins Leadership, 2012.
Covey, S. R., The 8th Habits: From Effectiveness to Greatness [M]. Simon & Schuster US, 2005.
Bennis, W., On Becoming A Leader (4th Edition) [M]. Basic Book, 2009.
George, B., Authentic Leadership: Rediscovering the Secrets to Creating Lasting Value [M]. Jossey-Bass, 2004.
Mitstifer, D. I., Council for the Advancement of Standards Professional Standards for Higher Education. Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education, Washington, D. C, 2012.
Komives, S. R., Dugan, J. P., Owen, J. E., Slack, C., Wagner, W., et al., The Handbook for Student Leadership Development (2nd ed.), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 2011.
Chen Y. K. Leadership Development [M]. The Commercial Press, 2011.
Hu L. X., Developing and Training College Students' Leadership [M]. Zhejing University Press, 2011.
Bian H. M. Student Leadership Development [M]. Southwest University of Finance and Economics Press, 2012.
Xi J. P., The Governance [M]. China International Publishing Group, 2014: 170-171.
Wang, Y. L., An analysis of the Nature of Value [J]. Journal of Academic Research, 2008 (8): 43-51.
Tian, X. & Wang, Y. F Survey of Socialist Core Values System Education for College Students, Journal of Ideological and Theoretical Education, 2010 (2): 82-86.
Cheng E. F., Zheng Y. M., Feng Y. L., et al., Investigation and Research Report on the Construction of Socialist Core Value System in recent years, MAO Zedong and Deng Xiaoping Theories, 2011 (2): 23-30.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186