Geography, Democracy and Administration Issue in the Middle East
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 23-32
Received: Feb. 13, 2014; Published: Mar. 20, 2014
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Authors
Hamza Akengin, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
Hatice Kubra Gurcay, Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
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Abstract
The Middle East has been one of the most controversial regions in the world since the late 19th century and early 20th century due to ethnical, political and religious diversity, administration problems, historical disputes, oil and natural gas reserves, status of being outside the global economic and political system and hot combats. Now, at the end of the first decade of the 21st century, the most significant reason behind the events centrally in the Middle East, particularly in the Arabian states, is regime of the countries in the Middle East. In the countries of the Middle East, restriction of the democratic rights, one-person powers for long years and lasting many decades, limited engagement in the politics in almost all countries, prevention of political engagement, oppressive and restrictive regimes, hereditary authoritarian administration isolated from the society all have triggered social movements. This study concerns relationship between geography and democracy, specifically in the Middle East, emphasizing the fundamentals on which the regimes of the Middle East Countries are based. Intending to determine the situation, this study is based on documentary analysis and description.
Keywords
Geography, Democracy, Regimes in the Middle East, Monarchy, Tribe
To cite this article
Hamza Akengin, Hatice Kubra Gurcay, Geography, Democracy and Administration Issue in the Middle East, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 23-32. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20140202.13
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