Stimulation of Cognitive Functions in University Students with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Using Captain’s Log Computerized Cognitive Training Program
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 1-10
Received: Dec. 3, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 14, 2017; Published: Jan. 12, 2018
Views 96      Downloads 11
Authors
Luz María Álvarez, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Norma Yépez, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
María Martina Jurado, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
José Benjamín Guerrero, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Ileana Petra, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has significant implications for quality of life of a person. This study proposes the use of a cognitive stimulation program (Captain´s Log Cognitive Training) to improve the cognitive deficits produced by this disorder. Ten university students with OCD were randomly selected; 4 of them (control group) received psychiatric and pharmacological treatment, and six students (experimental group) received training using a computer program that stimulated the cognitive deficits besides the psychiatric and pharmacological treatment. A pre and posttest neuropsychologic evaluations were applied using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III) and an abbreviated version of the Barcelona Test. Training was carried out twice a week until each subject covered 30 sessions. Significant differences were found (p<0.05) in functions associated with Planning skills, anticipation and organization, verbal fluency, visuoconstructive praxis, working memory and processing speed. Cognitive training helped to improve the intellectual performance of the students who participated in the treatment, reflected in higher flexibility to solve practical problems.
Keywords
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Students, Cognitive Functions
To cite this article
Luz María Álvarez, Norma Yépez, María Martina Jurado, José Benjamín Guerrero, Ileana Petra, Stimulation of Cognitive Functions in University Students with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Using Captain’s Log Computerized Cognitive Training Program, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20180701.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.), American Psychiatric Association, Arlington VA, 2013.
[2]
Mataix-Cols, D., Van den Heuvel, A., “Common and Distinct Neural Correlates of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders”. Psychiatr Clin N Am, 29, 391–410, June 2006.
[3]
Villatoro, V., Jorge, A., Medina-Mora, M., Hernández, M., Fleiz, C., Amador, N. Bermúdez, P., “La encuesta de Estudiantes del Nivel Medio y Medio Superior de la Ciudad del México: noviembre 2003. Prevalencias y evolución del consumo de drogas”. Salud Mental, 28, 38-51, Febrero, 2005. [En línea]. Disponible en: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=58212805. [Fecha de consulta: 16 Junio 2017].
[4]
Caraveo-Anduaga, J. & Colmenares, E., “The Epidemiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Mexico City”. Salud Mental, 27 (2), 1-6, Abril 2004.
[5]
Carretero, M., & Palacios, J. Psicología Evolutiva: Adolescencia, madurez y senectud. Alianza, Madrid, España, 1995.
[6]
Vallejo M. A., “Tratamientos psicológicos eficaces para el trastorno obsesivo compulsivo”. Psicothema. Vol. 13, nº 3, pp. 419-427, Marzo, 2001.
[7]
García F, Fernández, H, Behobi, W., “Psicoterapia cognitiva individual del TOC”. Salud Mental 36, Julio-Agosto 2013.
[8]
León-Quismondo L., Lahera, G., López-Ríos, F., “Terapia de aceptación y compromiso en el tratamiento del trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo”. Rev. Asociación. Española de. Neuropsiquiatría. vol. 34 no. 124 Madrid, Junio 2014.
[9]
Orly de Labra, A., Díaz, C. “Tratamientos basados en la evidencia para el Trastorno Obsesivo Compulsivo”. Boletin Psicoevidencias, n° 44, Abril 2016.
[10]
Salas, Ch., “Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica en Chile: una disciplina latente”. Revista. Chilena Neuropsicología. 9 (E1): 1-3, 2014.
[11]
Velilla L. M, Soto E, Pineda, D., “Efectos de un programa de estimulación cognitiva en la memoria operativa de pacientes con deterioro cognitivo leve amnésico”. Rev. chil. neuropsicol., 5 (3), 185-198, Diciembre 2010.
[12]
Perpiña, A., Lázaro, L., Canalda, G., Boget, T., “Aspectos neuropsicológicos del trastorno obsesivo compulsivo”. Revista de Neurología, 35 (10), 959-963. Noviembre 2002.
[13]
Miller, B. & Cummings, J., The human frontal lobes: functions and disorders. 2a Ed. Guilford Press, New York, 2007.
[14]
Martínez, A., Piqueras, J., “Actualización neuropsicológica del trastorno obsesivo compulsivo”. Revista. Neurología., 46 (10). 618-625, Mayo, 2008.
[15]
Flores, J., Ostrosky, F., “Neuropsicología de Lóbulos Frontales, Funciones Ejecutivas y Conducta Humana”. Revista Neuropsicología, Neuropsiquiatría y Neurociencias, 8 (1), 47-58, Abril 2008.
[16]
Mataix-Cols, D., Junqué, C. Neuropsicología del trastorno obsesivo compulsivo. In Vallejo J, Berrios G, eds. Estados Obsesivos, 3ed, Elsevier-Masson, Barcelona, 2006, 75-90.
[17]
Jódar-Vicente, M., “Funciones cognitivas del lóbulo frontal”. Revista. Neurología. 39, 178-182, Julio 2004.
[18]
Chamberlain, S., Blackwell, A., Fineberg, N., Robbins, T., Sahakian B., “The Neuropsychology of obsessive compulsive disorder: the importance of failures in cognitive and behavioral inhibition as candidate endophenotypic markers”. Neurosci Biobehav Rev; 29: 399-419, May, 2005.
[19]
Pena J, Ruipérez, M., Barros, A., “Neurobiología del trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo: aportaciones desde la resonancia magnética funcional (II)”. Revista Neurología, 50: 541-50, Abril 2010.
[20]
Sharma, S., Kumar, V., Trivedi, Dalal, P., Kumar, P., Sudarshan, S., Choudhary, S., “Neuropsychological Correlates for Obsessive Slowness. Delhi”. Psychiatry Journal, Vol. 15 No. 1, April 2012.
[21]
Quijano, M., Aponte, M. y Salazar, C., “Cambios Cognoscitivos en la enfermedad Mental de pacientes que asisten al programa de Hospital Día del Hospital Psiquiátrico Universitarios del Valle”. Rev. Diversitas perspectivas en Psicología. 4 (1), 113-121, Diciembre 2008.
[22]
Williams, W., Evans, J. & Fleminger, S., “Neurorehabilitation and Cognitive- behavior Therapy of anxiety disorders after brain injury: An Overview and case illustration of obsessive- compulsive disorder”. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. 13 (1-2), 65-87, Jan-Mar, 2003.
[23]
Kotwal, D., Burns W. & Montgomery, D., “Computer-assisted cognitive training for ADHD: A case study”. Behavior Modification, I20 (1), 85-96, January 1996.
[24]
Burda, P., Stakey, T., Domínguez, F. & Vera V., “Computer administered treatment of psychiatric inpatients”. Computers in Human Behavior, 10 (3), 359-368, 1994.
[25]
Bell, M., Bryson, G. & Wexler, B., “Cognitive Remediation of Working Memory Deficits: Durability of Training Effects in Severely Impaired and Less Severely Impaired Schizophrenia”. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 108 (2): 101-109 (9), August 2003.
[26]
Haier, R. J, Karama, S., Leyba & L., Jung, R., “MRI assessment of cortical thickness and functional activity changes in adolescent girls following three months of practice on a visual-spatial task”. BMC Research Notes 2: 174, September 2009.
[27]
Alvarez, L., Cortés, J., Ortiz, S., Estrella, J., Sánchez, J., “Computer program in the treatment for major depression and cognitive impairment in university students”. Computers in Human Behavior 24, 816–826, May 2008.
[28]
American Psychiatric Association, Manual de Diagnóstico y Estadístico de los Trastornos Mentales. Texto revisado. Editorial Masson, Barcelona, 2005.
[29]
Heinze, G. & Cortés J., “Software para la aplicación de la versión española de The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)”. Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Enero 2000.
[30]
Matarazzo, J., Carmody, T., & Jacobs, L., “Test-retest reliability and stability of the WAIS: A literature review with implications for clinical practice”. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 2, 89-105, January 1980.
[31]
Wechsler, D., Escala Weschsler de Inteligencia para adultos. WAIS-III. Manual Moderno, México, 2009, pp. 218.
[32]
Sandford, J., Captain’s Log Cognitive Trainer, Braintrain, USA. 2011.
[33]
Tirado, D, Ricardo-Garcell, J., Reyes, Z., Lóyzaga, M., “Caracterización neuropsicológica en subtipos clínicos de un trastorno obsesivo- compulsivo (TOC) en una muestra de pacientes”. Salud Mental, vol. 30, No. 1, 1-8, Ene-Feb 2007.
[34]
Ardila, A., y Ostrosky, F. Guía para el Diagnóstico Neuropsicológico. Florida International University- Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Miami-México., 2012.
[35]
Okasha, A., Rafaat, M., Mahallawy, N., Nahas, J, Seif, E., Dawla, A., Sayed, M. & El Kholi, S., “Cognitive dysfunction in obsessive-compulsive disorder”. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 101, 281-285, April 2000.
[36]
Jones, S., Nyberg, L., Sandblom, J., Stigsdotter Neely, A., Ingvar, M., Petersson, K., et al. “Cognitive and neural plasticity in aging: General and task-specific limitations”. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral reviews, 30 (6), 864–871, August 2006.
[37]
Mercado, E., “Neural and cognitive plasticity: From maps to minds”. Psychological Bulletin, 134, 109–137, January 2008.
[38]
Willis, S. & Schaie, K., “Cognitive training and plasticity: Theoretical perspective and methodological consequences”. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 27 (5), 375–389, October 2009.
[39]
Lövdén, M., Bäckman, L., Lindenberger, U., Schaefer, S. & Schmiedek, F., “A Theoretical Framework for the Study of Adult Cognitive Plasticity”. Psychological Bulletin, 136 (4), 659–676, July 2010.
[40]
Cárdenas, G. y Carreño, V., “La realidad virtual como herramienta para el tratamiento del Trastorno Obsesivo Compulsivo”. Revista Digital Universitaria, UNAM. Vol. 13, (3). 3-8, Marzo, 2012.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931