Please enter verification code
Analysis on the Influence of Family Background and Cultural Capital on the Non-cognitive Skills of Children
Education Journal
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 188-195
Received: Dec. 5, 2017; Published: Dec. 6, 2017
Views 2652      Downloads 256
Fang Luo, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang City, China
Jianghua Guan, School of Tourism Culture and Geographical Science, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang City, China
Qingli Xia, Teaching Affairs Department, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang City, China
Caihong Sun, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang City, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
The non-cognitive skills of children in family reproduction have been concerned more and more. Based on the survey of junior middle school student, we used principal component analysis to obtain the value of the index of non-cognitive skills, and further adopted the OLS method analyzing the determinants of the non-cognitive skills. It is shown that family income, parental occupations and education, participating in parent-child cultural activities, family collection of books, the grade of child, and the quality of teaching have significant and positive effect on non-cognitive skills, but taking part in an interest-oriented class and a child’s gender haven’t significant effect. So, the family background and the cultural capital significantly promote children’s non-cognitive skills.
Family Background, Cultural Capital, Non-cognitive Skills, Principal Component Analysis, OLS Method
To cite this article
Fang Luo, Jianghua Guan, Qingli Xia, Caihong Sun, Analysis on the Influence of Family Background and Cultural Capital on the Non-cognitive Skills of Children, Education Journal. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 188-195. doi: 10.11648/
Y.-j. Meng, “Cognitive abilities and household portfolio choice,” Economic Research Journal, 2014, (S1), pp. 132-142. (in Chinese).
G. Farkas, “Cognitive Skills and noncognitive traits and behaviors in stratification processes,” Annual Review of Sociology, 2003, 29, pp. 541-562.
C.-t. Zhang, “Quality: Meditation on China’s education,” Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press, 2001. (in Chinese).
F. Cunha, J. J. Heckman, and S. Navarro, “Separating uncertainty from heterogeneity in life cycle earnings, the 2004 Hicks lecture,” Oxford Economic Papers, 2005, 57(2), pp. 191-261.
O. D. Duncan, D. L. Featherman, and B. Duncan, “Socioeconomic background and achievement,” New York: Seminar Press, 1972.
P. Bourdieu, “The forms of capital (R. Nice, Trans.),” In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education, New York: Greenwood, 1986.
L.-q. Ma, “The relationship between rural family cultural capital and junior middle school English learning outcomes,” Chong Qing: Southwest University, 2008. (in Chinese).
M.-c. Li, “Theoretical study on the influence of family cultural capital on the education chance of senior high school students,” Shen Yang: Shen Yang Normal University, 2008. (in Chinese).
L. Li and W.-l. Zhao, “Research on the influence of family background and cultural capital on the cognitive skills and non-cognitive skills,” Dongyue Tribune, 2017, 38(4), pp. 142-150. (in Chinese).
Y.-j. Liang, “Family cultural capital for investment in early childhood affect interest in reading,” Chengdu: Sichuan Normal University, 2016. (in Chinese).
S. Brown, S. McIntosh, and K. Taylor, “Following in your parents’ footsteps? Empirical analysis of matched parent – offspring test scores,” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2011, 73(1), pp. 40-58.
G.-f. Sun and Y. Zhang, “An empirical analysis on the influence of non-cognitive ability cultivation on the development of engineers’ occupation,” Research in Higher Education of Engineering, 2014, (4), pp. 43-49. (in Chinese).
H.-b. Sun, “Analysis on the training of non-cognitive factors and innovation ability of students,” Yantai Normal University Journal (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition), 2004, 21(1), pp. 115-117. (in Chinese).
N. Fan, “The influence of non-cognitive factors on reading ability,” Journal of Adult Education College of Hebei University, 2010, 12(1), pp. 98-99. (in Chinese).
S. Bowles and H. Gintis, “Schooling in capitalist America: Educational reform and the contradictions of economic life,” New York: Basic Books, 1976.
J. J. Heckman, J. J. Hsse, and Y. Rubinstein, “The GED is a mixed signal: The effect of cognitive and non-cognitive skills on human capital and labor market outcomes,” University of Chicago Xerox, 2000.
J. J. Heckman and Y. Rubinstein, “The importance of noncognitive skills: Lessons from the GED testing program,” The American Economic Review, 2001, 91(2), pp. 145-149.
F. Cunha, J. J. Heckman, and S. M. Schennach, “Estimating the technology of cognitive and noncognitive skill formation,” Econometrica, 2010, 78(3), pp. 883-931.
F. Cunha and J. J. Heckman, “Formulating, identifying and estimating the technology of cognitive and noncognitive skill formation,” Journal of Human Resources, 2008, 43(4), pp. 738-782.
F. Peter, “The effect of involuntary maternal job loss on children’s behaviour and non-cognitive skills,” Labour Economics, 2016, 42, pp. 43-63.
S. Anger and D. D. Schnitzlein, “Cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills, and family background: Evidence from sibling correlations,” Journal of Population Economics, 2017, 30(2), pp. 591-620.
J. M. Fletcher and B. Wolfe, “The importance of family income in the formation and evolution of non-cognitive skills in childhood,” Economics of Education Review, 2016, 54, pp. 143-154.
A. Hsin and Y. Xie, “Life-course changes in the mediation of cognitive and non-cognitive skills for parental effects on children’s academic achievement,” Social Science Research, 2017, 63, pp. 150-165.
Y. Han, “The influence of family traditional cultural capital on rural youth transcending class,” Youth Exploration, 2016, (2), pp. 46-54. (in Chinese).
X.-y. Ji, “On the influence of family cultural capital on the development of junior middle school student’s ideology and morality,” Journal of Xiangyang Vocational and Technical College, 2014, 13(2), pp. 95-97. (in Chinese).
Q. Wang, “Rural students’ English learning dilemma and its transformation strategy research,” Education and Teaching Research, 2014, 28(5), pp. 14-17. (in Chinese).
Y. Yang, “The impact of family cultural capital on academic achievement: Based on the empirical analysis of PISA-2012,” Modern Education Science, 2016, (6), pp. 56-61. (in Chinese).
L. Tramonte and J. D. Willms, “Cultural capital and its effects on education outcomes,” Economics of Education Review, 2010, 29(2), pp. 200-213.
S.-f. Hu, “On the effect of the family’s cultural capital on college freshmen’s mental health,” Chinese Journal of Special Education, 2016, (9), pp. 78-83. (in Chinese).
J. Xiong, T. Shan, and M.-j. Qian, “Analysis on the behavior of rural adolescents dropping out,” China Youth Study, 2016, (3), pp. 49-55. (in Chinese).
P. Bourdieu and J.-C. Passeron, “Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture,” London: Sage Publication, 1990.
B. Hu, R. Lui, W.-d. Ding, et al., “Stata statistic analysis and application,” Rev. ed, Beijing: Electronic Industry Press, 2013. (in Chinese).
L.-m. Hou, “The relative risk aversion or the credential decline aversion? A reconsideration of the generation mechanism of China’s educational inequality,” Sociological Studies, 2015, (2), pp. 192-213. (in Chinese).
M. Gensowski, J. Heckman, and P. Savelyev, “The effects of education, personality, and IQ on earnings of high-ability men,” The American Economic Association Meetings, Chicago, 2012.
P. Carneiro, K. T. Hansen, and J. J. Heckman, “Estimating distribution of treatment effects with an application to the returns to schooling and measurement of the effects of uncertainty on college,” The National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 9546, 2003.
J.-q. Liu, “Education in Accordance with Gender Characters,” Education Teaching Forum, 2017, (9), pp. 51-52. (in Chinese).
J. Jin, “The education justice and efficiency of selecting a school,” Popular Literature (Theory), 2009(4), pp. 182-183. (in Chinese).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186