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The Significance of Architectural Approach to the Effects of Earthquake and Materials in the Design and Positioning of Gateways
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, April 2015, Pages: 52-57
Received: Feb. 11, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2015; Published: Jun. 4, 2015
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Ahmad Mirza Kuchak Khoshnevis, Institute of Cultural Heritage, Tehran, Iran
Omid Pourebrahim, Architecture department, PNU Hormozgan, Hormozgan, Iran
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According to the basic principles of earthquake engineering, during earthquake forces in addition to the gravity force are generated in proportion to the weight of structural members and the seismic acceleration as a result of the vibration caused to all structural members including gateways. The distribution and intensity of such forces depend on the architecture (shape, form, size and aspect ratio) of the building. Accordingly, it seems that in designing gateways, architects not only shall consider the operational and aesthetic dimensions of the member, but also consider shall pay attention to the mutual effects of building materials and earthquake. By designing an appropriate form and by considering the dimensional proportion and earthquake engineering principles it is possible to mitigate earthquake-induced damages. Therefore, architectural engineering plays the key role in maintaining the balance and sustainability of structures and optimizing plans. The significance of the effects of earthquake to the design and positioning of gateways by architectural engineering can be explained as follows: 1) The gateway is the placeholder for doors and openings (which are very light-weight and flexible elements) and thus it not only reduces earthquake forces due to the lightness of its components but also allows for the transfer and flow of stresses to the margins and surroundings; 2) Since even seconds matter for saving the lives of humans during earthquake, accurate positioning of gateway and its dimensions can influence the speed of movement through the gateway; 3) Since gateway provides a free space and its surroundings are formed of resistant shapeable materials, it is possible to use it as a shelter at the time of earthquake; 4) In this research it was tried to use the basic principles and relations associated with the resistance of materials, the principles of earthquake engineering (for the theoretical study), and also documentary images of earthquake (for the field study) to study the effects of shape and aspect ratio of gateways on the forces and stresses caused by earthquake.
Gateway, Earthquake, Architecture, Materials
To cite this article
Ahmad Mirza Kuchak Khoshnevis, Omid Pourebrahim, The Significance of Architectural Approach to the Effects of Earthquake and Materials in the Design and Positioning of Gateways, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Research and Practice in Architecture and Urban Studies in Developing Countries. Vol. 3, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 52-57. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.s.2015030201.21
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