International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 10-16
Received: Nov. 2, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 12, 2014;
Published: Nov. 17, 2014
Views 4417 Downloads 282
Ryspek Usubamatov, School of Manufacturing Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Arau, Malaysia
Nor Zaiazmin Yahaya, School of Manufacturing Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Arau, Malaysia
In manufacturing area, one of the most complex technological processes is the machining of spiral bevel gears. For these processes, special machine tools designed with peculiar manuals for calculating the gear geometry, and the setting-up processes were developed. The known technologies and design of gear-cutting machine tools are different and based on processes that cut the concave and convex sides of the spiral tooth separately or simultaneously. These processes are different in productivity and quality of gear machining. Due to these circumstances, manufacturers created many modifications, with different qualities of the gear-cutting processes. Presently, there are following technologies: continuous indexing (face-hobbing) and single indexing (face-milling) that unlimitedly available to the user. This paper presents a new face-milling process of machining spiral bevel gears that can increase productivity and improve the quality of gears. The new process presents a solution that uses two cutter heads simultaneously for machining both concave and convex sides of the spiral teeth. Manufacturers can accept the new technology of the spiral bevel gear that needs a wide spectrum of research to get optimal solutions.
Nor Zaiazmin Yahaya,
Double Cutter Face Milling of Spiral Bevel Gears, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Technology Transfer.
Vol. 3, No. 1-1,
2015, pp. 10-16.
R.H. Ewert, Gears and Gear Manufacture: The Fundamentals, Chapman & Hall, 1997.
H. J. Stadtfeld, Advanced Bevel Gear Technology, The Gleason Works, 2000.
H. Müller, Face Hobbing vs. Face Milling, Gear Solutions, 14, pp. 49-60, 2012.
H. J. Stadtfeld, Cyclocut Bevel Gear Production, Gear Solutions, 15, pp. 37 – 49, 2012.
M. Albert, Cutting Spiral Bevel Gears On A Five-Axis Machining Center, Modern Machine Shop. 2009.
Q. Fan, Computerized Modeling and Simulation of Spiral Bevel and Hypoid Gears Manufactured by Gleason Face Hobbing Process, Journal of Mechanical Design, Vol. 128, No. 6, pp. 1315-1327, 2006.
A. Piazza, M.Vimercati, Experimental validation of a computerized tool for face hobbing gear contact and tensile stress analysis, Proceedings of the ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, USA, pp. 1-8. 2007.
T. Hiroaki, Y. Shingi, H. Akihiko, Process Development of Face Hobbing-Hypoid Gear, Mazda Technical Review, No. 23, pp. 136-141, 2005.
M. Lelkes, J.Marialigeti, D. Play, Numerical Determination of Cutting Parameters for the Control of Klingelnberg Spiral Bevel Gear Geometry, ASME J. of Mechanical Design, Vol. 124: pp. 761-771, 2002.
J. Astoul, J. Geneix, E. Mermoz, M. SartorA simple and robust method for spiral bevel gear generation and tooth contact analysis, International Journal on Interactive Design and Manufacturing, DOI: 10.1007/s12008-012-0163-y, 2012.
R. F. Handschuh, M. Nanlawala, J. M. Hawkins, D. Mahan, Experimental Comparison of Face-Milled and Face-Hobbed Spiral Bevel Gears, NASA/TM-2001- 210940, ARL-TR-1104. 2001.
S. Baolong, R. Wang, S. Hai, Research on manufacturing of a new bevel gear based on the three- axis CNC bevel gear machine, Proceedings of Mechanic Automation and Control Engineering International Conference, (MACE), pp. 6035 – 6037, 2011.
X. Zhongsi, Z. Jiangtao, Modeling of machine tool for spiral bevel gear and application of tooth surface deviation correction, Proceedings of Computer Application and System Modeling (ICCASM), 2010 International Conference, Taiyuan, China, pp. V6- 240 - V6-244. 2010.
S. Li, Y. Yong Wang, D. Xue,. Modelling and Simulating of Spiral Bevel Gears Based on Actual Cutting Process, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics, China, pp. 1694-1698. 2007.