Response of Environment According to the Sustainable Urban Design Principles (Case Study: Garden of Imam Reza (AS) in Koohsangi Avenue, Mashhad, Iran)
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, April 2015, Pages: 150-156
Received: Jan. 4, 2016;
Accepted: Jan. 5, 2016;
Published: Feb. 23, 2016
Views 3563 Downloads 103
Rokhsaneh Derakhshesh Nia, Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran
Maryam Hazzar, Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran
In recent decades, the negative effects of the global movement of modernism in Iran and uncoordinated urban development has led to the city and other urban spaces that do not belong the people. Sense of alienation and un-belonging to such areas are strengthening day by day and irregular construction in the city has resulted in loss of urban green spaces. Urban green spaces used by people in Iran has showed that the majority of cities in terms of quantity and quality in the provision of these spaces are not at the right level. This means that in most cases the spaces are not according to the needs and interests of users. This leads to a lack of coordination between the individual and the environment and which have not assigned the correct and appropriate characteristics. Regarding the issue of urban green space, once more people appear to know the city uses it is more directly related to urban sustainability and values, as well as the quality of urban spaces in such a way that there is a close relationship between quality and sustainability concepts. The purpose of this paper is to define and articulate its relationship with the utility space sustainable spaces have tried to evaluate the effect of the garden of Imam Reza (AS) of respondents to its surroundings and citizens of Koohsangi Avenue.
Rokhsaneh Derakhshesh Nia,
Response of Environment According to the Sustainable Urban Design Principles (Case Study: Garden of Imam Reza (AS) in Koohsangi Avenue, Mashhad, Iran), International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Research and Practice in Architecture and Urban Studies in Developing Countries.
Vol. 3, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 150-156.
D. Ardalan and Z. Davoudpour “A comparative study of factors affecting the development of large and middle cities” Journal of the town's identity, Issue 3. payyz and winter 2008, p 64.
S. Pamir, "The creation of a vibrant urban center", translation Mostafa Behzadfar and Amir Shekiba manesh, University of Science and Technology, Tehran, 2009, p 34.
N. Schulz, "spirit of the place: in the phenomenology of architecture", 1980, p 166.
V. Moradi masihi, "The urban and environmental performance, in sustainable urban form", 2004. P 6.
R. Rogers, "Cities for a Small Planet", Published: Jul 24, 1998 Publisher: Basic Books, 196 Pages.
Chermayeff, Ivan Sergei, private and public spheres of life, translator M. ornate, Tehran University, Tehran, 1997.
A. Saidnia, book municipalities, Volume IV: the urban centers and residential areas, publications, organizations, municipalities, Tehran, 2003.
Sustainable Cities Program (SCP), 1990-2000, Publisher: UN-Habitat. P 81.
R. Maknoon, "Sustainable Development", Environment Experts Association's magazine, the first issue, 1995.
S. H. Bahrain, 1376. Urban Planning and sustainable development. Journal of approach. 17.s number 28, 1997.
K. Ziari, M. H. Janbabanezhad. "Views and opinions healthy city", Monthly municipalities Title No. 95, 2009.
S. A. Daneshpour, M. Charkhchian, "Public spaces and factors affecting collective life", Volume 4, Issue 7, 2007, page 19-28.
K. B. soltani, "Basics of Architectural urban green space", Publications Tehran, View, 2005.
Jean Bastyh Bernardez, "City", translator Ashrafi, 1998, Publications of Tehran, University of Art.
A. Madanipour, "Urban space design concept on the social and spatial process", 2000, translator F. Mortezaii.
K. Lynch, "Urban theory since A Theory of Good City Form", 1981.
Bentley, l. et al. "Responsive Environments", 1985, A manual for designers", Architectural, London.
Stephen Kaplan, Rachel Kaplan. "Humanscape: Envaironment for people", 1978.
IR Beer and Catherine Higgins (1941), "environmental planning for land development”translator Hussein Bahrain, K. Karim, Tehran University.
Golkar, Cyrus, "constructive quality urban design". Journal of Sfh. mahshahr32. 2000, 38-65.