Typology of School-Mosque in Ilkhani, Timurid, Safavid and Qajar Eras
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, April 2015, Pages: 143-149
Received: Dec. 17, 2015;
Accepted: Dec. 19, 2015;
Published: Feb. 23, 2016
Views 4674 Downloads 117
Ladan Asadi, Department of Architecture, Art and Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
Hamid Majidi, Department of Architecture, Art and Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
Follow on us
Mosques were the first place used for education in the first centuries of Islam. Although in later periods, independent schools were created, due to religious instructions performed in schools, mosques and schools rejoined in different ways, and the school - mosque appears in Islamic architecture. However, little attention has been paid to this type of architecture. This study aims to investigate the emergence of religious educational centers in different historical periods, i. e. Mosque-Schools. The main objective of the study is to analyze the typology of these mosque-schools. Using descriptive-analytical research method, as well as literature review and field studies, this article aims to investigate the innovations and changes made in the general plan of mosque-schools in Ilkhani, Timurid, Safavid and Qajar Eras. To achieve this, one school has been selected in each era. At the end, regarding the theoretical framework of the study, the general features of these mosque-schools within different eras have been presented and discussed.
Mosque-School, Ilkhanid, Timurid, Safavid, Qajar, Architecture
To cite this article
Typology of School-Mosque in Ilkhani, Timurid, Safavid and Qajar Eras, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Research and Practice in Architecture and Urban Studies in Developing Countries.
Vol. 3, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 143-149.
Amoli, S. H. (2012). Jame Al - Asrar va Manbao Al - Anvar. Translated Muhammad Reza Jozi. Tehran. Hermes Publishing Co.
Beller SH, Bloom, J. M. (1995). Islamic Art and Architecture. Translated Ardeshir Araqi (2002). Tehran. Soroush.
Bemanian, M. R. Momeni, K. Soltanzadeh, H. (2013). A Comparative Study of Architectural Design Features of Mosque-Schools in Qajar Era and Safavid Schools. Armane Shahr Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, No. 11, P 15-34.
Godar, A. (1987). Iranian Works. Translated Abolhasan Sarveghad Moghaddam. Islamic Research Foundation. Mashhad, Iran.
Haji SeyedJavadi, F. (1999). Mosque Architecture, Tehran Conference Proceedings of the Mosque, Past, Present, and Future. Tehran Art University.
Halen, B. R. (1994). Islamic Architecture. Translated Iraj Etesam. (2011). Tehran. Information Technology Organization of Tehran Municipality.
Hassas, N. (2014). Spatial Elements of Schools and Their Use in Architecture. The First International Conference of New Horizons in Architecture and Urbanism, Tehran, Iran.
Houshyari, M. M. (2013). School Mosque Typology in Islamic Architecture (The Relationship Between Education and Prayer Space). Two- Quarterly of Iranian Architectural Studies. No. 3. P. 37-53.
Kiani, M. Y. (1998). The history of Iran Architecture in Islamic Period. Tehran. SAMT Publishing Co.
Kiani, M. Y. (1998). The history of Iran Architecture in Islamic Period. Tehran. 2nd Ed. SAMT Publishing Co.
Khazaee, M. (2009). Structure and motifs of the Timurid schools in Khorasan. Two - Quarterly of scientific - Research of Islamic Art Studies. No. 11.
Kiani, M. Y. (1998). The history of Iran Architecture in Islamic Period. Tehran. SAMT Publishing Co. Research and Development Center of Human Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Mahdavi Nejad, MJ. Ghasempour Abadi, M. H. Mohammad Levi shabestary, A. (2013), Typology of School Mosques in Qajar era, Islamic Iranian City Studies, No. 11. P. 5-15.
Okin, B. (1987). Timurid Architectur in Khorasan. Translated Ali Akhshiri. Tehran. Islamic Research Foundation.
Soltanzadeh, H. (1987). Schools were Established in Iran from Antiquity to Darolfonoon. Tehran. Negah Publishing Co.