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Practices and Perceptions of Biosand Filter Users in Treating Drinking Water in a Rural District of Zimbabwe
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 1-5
Received: Dec. 15, 2013; Published: Jan. 10, 2014
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Authors
KANDA Artwell, Department of Environmental Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe
GOTOSA Jephita, Department of Environmental Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe
MASAMHA Blessing, Department of Environmental Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe
NYAMADZAWO George, Department of Environmental Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe
MISI Shepherd Norman, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. MP167, Mt. Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
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Abstract
A field survey was conducted in Bindura district of Zimbabwe in January 2012 to evaluate the perceptions and practices of rural households on biosand filters after two years of use. A questionnaire was administered to 33 sampled households during an unannounced visit to solicit information on demography, use of biosand filters and safe water storage. A field kit (Oxfam delAgua) was used to estimate faecal coliforms in 83 water samples drawn from the household source (17), filter-spout (33) and storage vessel (33). Results indicate that biosand filters were structurally intact and operational with a mean treatment efficiency of 95.9±1.4% (n=33) suggesting a high sustained use. Households (n=33) expressed great satisfaction with the use of biosand filters as they got adequate drinking water (90.9%). Households cited improved health (100%), clean water (100%); good taste (100%) and ease of use (90.9%) as perceived benefits of using the biosand filter. The mean faecal coliform level of biosand filter-treated water (3.2±1.4cfu/100ml) was significantly lower than that of source water (37.1±8.9cfu/100ml) (p<0.05). Biosand filters (78.8%) provided safe drinking water (0cfu/100ml) but were recontaminated (26.9%, n=26) during storage. Poor household hygiene, unrecommended storage methods and withdrawal practices were attributed to recontamination of stored treated water.
Keywords
Biosand Filter, Household Water Treatment, Safe Water Storage, User Perceptions
To cite this article
KANDA Artwell, GOTOSA Jephita, MASAMHA Blessing, NYAMADZAWO George, MISI Shepherd Norman, Practices and Perceptions of Biosand Filter Users in Treating Drinking Water in a Rural District of Zimbabwe, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.20140201.11
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