Please enter verification code
Effect of Land use Types on Soil Organic Carbon Stock at Sire Morose Sub Watershed, Hidabu Abote District of North Shoa Zone, Central Highland of Ethiopia
Science Research
Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages: 1-6
Received: Jan. 28, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 3, 2020; Published: Apr. 1, 2020
Views 373      Downloads 124
Dereje Girma, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fitche Agricultural Research Center, Fitche, Ethiopia
Lemma Wogi, School of Natural Resource Management and Environmental Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Samuel Feyissa, School of Natural Resource Management and Environmental Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Information about effects of different land use types on soil organic carbon stock is crucial for best land management practices and combating climate change and enhancing ecological restoration. The study was aimed to estimate the effect of land use types on soil organic carbon stock at sire morose sub watershed Hidbuabote district Ethiopia. Three land use types were selected from the sub watershed (Forest, grazing and cultivated land). Undisturbed core and disturbed composite soil samples were collected randomly from three sites with three replications from each land use type at two varying depths (0-20cm and 20-40cm) and subjected to laboratory soil analysis. Heterogeneity in soil C storage was observed across land use types and along soil depth due to disparity in spatial distribution of soil C densities arising from the influences of variations in land use types and management practices. Accordingly, the total mean values soil organic carbon stocks (SOCS) for forest land was 85.97Mg/ha, which was higher than that of grazing land (83.45Mg/ha) and the lowest being that of cultivated land (49.54Mg/ha). Moreover, the average CO2e sink was 315.51 Mg ha-1, 306.26 Mg ha-1 and 181.81Mg ha-1 in soil of the forest, grazing and cultivated land, respectively. Relatively the result shows potential contribution of forestland use types to enhance soil organic carbon stocks and environmental protection.
Soil Organic Carbon Stocks, Land Use Types, Soil Depth and Management Practices
To cite this article
Dereje Girma, Lemma Wogi, Samuel Feyissa, Effect of Land use Types on Soil Organic Carbon Stock at Sire Morose Sub Watershed, Hidabu Abote District of North Shoa Zone, Central Highland of Ethiopia, Science Research. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Bellamy, P. H., Loveland, P. J., Bradley, R. I., Lark, R. M., and Kirk, G. J. D. 2005. Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales. Nature 437: 245–24
Birhanu Iticha, Kibebew Kibret, Muktar Mohammed. 2017. Changes in Soil Carbon Storage Potential Following Conversion from Afromontane Forest to Plantations and Cultivated Land in Komto Watershed, Western Ethiopia, P. 30-31
Blake, G. R. 1965. Bulk density. Methods of soil Analysis. Monogr Ser, (9 Part 1): 374-390.
Bonnell, T., Reyna-Hurtado, R., and Chapman, C. 2011. Post-logging recovery time is longer than expected in an East African tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 855‒864.
Christopher Poeplau, Cora Vos, and Axel Don. 2017 Soil organic carbon stocks are systematically overestimated by misuse of the parameters bulk density and rock fragment content
Davidson, E. A., and Ackerman, I. L. 1993. Changes in soil carbon inventories following cultivation of previously untilled soils. Biogeochemistry, 20: 161-193.
Don, A., Schumacher, J., Freibauer, A. 2011. Impact of tropical land-use change on soil organic carbon stocks– a meta-analysis. Global Change Biology 17: 1658–1670.
Hidebu Abote Agricultural and Natural Resource Office (HAANRO). 2016. Report about natural resource of Hidebu Abote to North Shoa Zone Agricultural and Natural Resource Office, Fitche, Ethiopia.
Heluf Gebrekidan and Wakene Negassa. 2006. Impact of land use and management practices on chemical properties of some soils of Bako area, Western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 8 (2): 177-197.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panelon Climate Change). 2007. The physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Jackson, R. B., Schenk, H. J., Jobbágy, E. G., Canadell, J., Colello, G. D. 2000. Below ground consequences of vegetation change and their treatment in models. Ecol. Applic.
Kindermann, G., Obersteiner, M., Sohngen, B., Sathaye, J., Andraska, K., and Rametsteiner, E. 2008. Global cost estimates of reducing carbon emissions through avoided deforestation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Lal R. 2001. Potential of desertification control to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. Climate Change, 15: 35–72.
Lal, R. 2002. The potential of soils of the tropics to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. Advances in Agronomy, 76: 1-30.
Mulugeta, L., Bekele, L., Demel, T. (2005). Changes in soil carbon and total nitrogen following reforestation of previously cultivated land in the highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Science 28 (2), 99‒108.
Murty, D., Kirschbaum, M. F. U., Mcmurtrie, R. E. and Mcgilvray, H. 2002. Does Conversion of Forest to Agricultural Land Change Soil Carbon and Nitrogen? A Review of the Literature. Global Change Biology, 8: 105-123.
Nie, X. J., Zhao, T. Q., and Qiao, X. N. 2013. Impact of soil erosion on organic carbon and nutrient dynamics in an alpine grassland soil. Soil science and plant nutrition, 59 (4): 660-668.
Powlsonand Goulding, K. W. 2011. Soil management in relation to sustainable agriculture and ecosystem services. Food policy, 36: s72-s87.
Sahlemedhin Sertsu and Taye Bekele. 2000. Procedures for soil and plant analysis. National Soil Research center Techl. Paper, 74. NFIA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Schlesinger, W. H. 1984. The world carbon pool in soil organic matter: (pp. 111-124) A source of atmospheric CO2. In J. R. Trabalka, & D. E. Reichle (Eds.), The Changing Carbon Cycle: A Global Analysis, New York: Springer-Verlage
Serneels, S., and Lambin, E. F. 2001. Proximate causes of land use change in Narok District, Kenya; a spatial statistical mode. Agriculture. Ecosystems and Environment, 85 (1): 65-81.
Solomon Dawit, Fritsch, F., Tekalign Mamo, Lehman, J., and Zech, W. 2002. Soil Organic Matter Composition in the Subhumid Ethiopian Highlands as Influenced by Deforestation and Agricultural Management. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66: 68-82
Tekalign Tadese. 1991. Soil, plant, water, fertilizer, animal manure and compost analysis. Working Document No. 13. International Livestock Research Center for Africa, Addis Ababa
Tesfaye, M., Bravo, F., Ruiz-Peinado, R., Pando, V. and Bravo-Oviedo, A. 2016. Impact of changes in land use, species and elevation on soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in Ethiopian Central Highlands. Geoderma, 261 (Supplement C): 70- 79. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.06.022
Wakene Negassa and Heluf Gebrekidan. 2004. The impact of different land use systems on soil quality of western Ethiopia, Alfisols. International Research on Food Security: Natural Resource Management and Rural Poverty Reduction through Research for Development and Transformation, pp. 1–7.
Walker, SM, Pearson, TRH., Casarim, FM., Harris, N., Petrova, S., Grais, A. 2012. Standard Operating Procedures for Terrestrial Carbon Measurement: Winrock International.
Walkley, A. and Black, I. A. 1934. An examination of the different method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Journal of Soil science, 37 (1): 29-38.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186