Husbandry Practices and Utilization of Camel Products in Borana Zone of Southern Oromia, Ethiopia
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 191-197
Received: May 8, 2015;
Accepted: May 22, 2015;
Published: Jul. 9, 2015
Views 5019 Downloads 181
Dejene Takele Gebissa, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Yabello Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center, Dairy Research Team, Yabello, Ethiopia
This survey was conducted in Borana zone to assess camel husbandry and product utilization practices, and identify major constraints of camel production. The result showed that camel was ranked the first economically important livestock species followed by goats and cattle, consecutively. Per producer holding of female of 1-3 year, heifer of 3-5 year, matured female of greater than 5 year, male of 5 year, male of less than 5 year and breeding bull greater than 5 year camel was 4.17, 2.50, 3.83, 1.83, 0.50 and 0.50, respectively. Selection of breeding bull and female camel and uncontrolled mating was common practices. Lactation length was 13.38 months while daily milking frequencies were 3.24 and 2.57 during wet and dry season, respectively. Daily milk yield per camel was 8.4 and 4.75 liters for wet and dry seasons, respectively. A liter of camel milk cost 2.30 and 4 birr during wet and dry season, respectively. Disease, poisonous plants, and low extension and health services were the main problems of camel production. Boosting the capacity of the community on improved husbandry practices and product utilization, and developing coordinated efforts for camel diseases control and prevention schemes should be an assignments of all stakeholders.
Dejene Takele Gebissa,
Husbandry Practices and Utilization of Camel Products in Borana Zone of Southern Oromia, Ethiopia, Science Research.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 191-197.
Ahmed M (2002). Study on practices and problems of camel production in Afder zone of Somali national regional state, Ethiopia. An MSc Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University. pp.148.
Alemayehu G (2001). Breeding program and evaluation of semen characteristics of camels in the central rift valley of Ethiopia. An MSc Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University. pp. 67.
Al-Otaibi and El-Demerdash (2013). Nutritive Value and Characterization Properties of Fermented Camel Milk Fortified with some Date Palm Products Chemical, Bacteriological and Sensory Properties. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2013, pp. 174-180. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130204.13.
Amin FM (1984).The dromedary of the Sudan. The camelidall purpose animal Volume I. Proceeding of the Khartum Workshop on Camels, December, 1979. Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala 1984. pp. 36 - 49.
Borana Zone Pastoral Development Office (2010). Annual report on livestock marketing. Held in Adama, Ethiopia, June 25 – 30, 2010.
Dejene Takele Gebissa (2014). Assessment of Dairy Cattle Husbandry and Breeding Management Practices of Lowland and Mid-Highland Agro-Ecologies of Borana Zone. Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 62-69. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20140203.12
Desta S and Coppock DL (2002). Cattle population dynamics in the southern Ethiopian rangelands, 1987 – 97. Journal of Range Management, 55: 439 – 451.
Farah KO, Nyariki DM, Ngugi RK, Noor IM and Guliye AY (2004). The Somali and the camel: Ecology, management and economics. Kamla-raj 2004 Anthropologist, 6(1):45.
Getahun T and Kassa B (2002). Camel Husbandry Practices in Eastern Ethiopia: The Case of Jijiga and Shinile Zones. Nomadic Peoples 6, 158.
International Livestock Center for Africa (1990).Livestock marketing. ILCA working paper 1, Livestock systems research manual volume1. International Livestock Center for Africa, December 1990, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.pp.203– 229.
Megersa B, Regassa A, Kumsa B, and Abunna F (2008). Performance of camels (Camelusdromedrius) kept by pastoralists with different degree of experience in camel keeping inBorana, Southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian J.Animal Production.79: 534–548.
Melaku T and Fesha G (2001). A study on the productivity and diseases of camel in Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Tropical Animal Health and Production. 33: 265-274.
Mohamed HA (1993).Traditional Practices of Camel Husbandry and Management in Somalia. The Multipurpose Camel: Interdisciplinary Studies on Pastoral Production in Somalia. Research Program on Environmental Policy and Society Department of Social and Geography, Uppsala University, Sweden.pp.123-140.
Musa LMA, Peters KJ, and Ahmed MKA (2006). On farm characterization of Butana and Kenana cattle breed production systems in Sudan. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 18: 56-61.
Raza HRS, Gondal KZ and Arshad I (2004).Use of Camel as Draught Animal in Pakistan. Draught Animal News (DAN) No. 40 June 2004. Center for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh. pp. 33-39.
Schwartz HJ (1992). The Camel (Camelusdromedarius) in Eastern Africa. The One-Humped Camel (Camelus dromedaries) in Eastern Africa: a pictorial guide to diseases, health care, and management. Verlag Josef, Scientific Books D-6992 Weikersheim Federal Republic of Germany. pp. 1-7.
Schwartz HJ and Walsh MGH (1992). The Productive Potential of the Camel. The One-Humped Camel (Camillus dromedaries) in Eastern Africa: a pictorial guide to diseases, health care, and management. Verlag Josef, Scientific Books D-6992 Weikersheim Federal Republic of Germany. pp. 30-61.
Tezera G (1998). Characterization of camel husbandry practices and camel milk and meat utilization in Jijiga and Shinile zone, Somali region. An MSc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University. pp 145.
Workneh N (2002). Socio-economic importance of camel in Ethiopia: An overview. A paper presented on the international workshop on Camel Research and Development: Formulating a Research Agenda for the Next Decade, Wad Medani, Sudan. pp. 9-12.
Yagil R and Etzion Z (1980). Hormonal and behavioral patterns in the male camel (Camillus dromedarius). J. Reprod. Fert.58: 61–65.
Yesihak Y and Bekele T (2003). Growth pattern of one humped camel (Camillus Dromedaries). Proceeding of the 11th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, August 28 - 30, 2003. pp.157-165.
Zeleke M (1998). Productivity, reproductive and health monitoring study on camel at Errer valley, Ethiopia. An MSc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University. pp. 98.