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Analysis of Income Diversification and Livelihood Strategies Among Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Households’ in Southern Ethiopia
Journal of Investment and Management
Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 72-79
Received: Jul. 17, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 6, 2020; Published: Sep. 8, 2020
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Authors
Algaga Balense, Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Sisay Debebe, Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
In pastoral and agro-pastoral areas of Ethiopia, apart from farming engaging on non-farm and/or off-farm income earning activities or diversifying income-earning means lie at the heart of livelihood strategies among pastoral and agro-pastoral household in southern Ethiopia. This study analyses determinant of the level of income diversification and livelihood strategies of pastoral and agro-pastoral households’ in southern Ethiopia. In order to select representative sample a combination of both stratification and random sampling techniques were used and selected 196 household heads. To analyze the data simple descriptive statistics, Multivariate Probit, and Two-limit Tobit models were employed. The result of model reveals that factors influencing the use of livelihood strategies are age, sex, family size, educational level, farm size, market distance to the main market, livestock holding size, cooperative membership, use of credit and access to transport were as sex, family size, educational level, livestock holding size, crop failure, a distance of nearest main market income from farm and share of non & off-farm income influenced income diversification. The government should emphasize strengthening the agricultural production system with due attention to identified factors influencing both diversification of income and livelihood strategies and thereby enhancing the well-being of pastoral and agro-pastoral households of the area.
Keywords
Livelihood Strategies, Income Diversification, Multivariate Probit, Two-limit Tobit Models, Southern Ethiopia
To cite this article
Algaga Balense, Sisay Debebe, Analysis of Income Diversification and Livelihood Strategies Among Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Households’ in Southern Ethiopia, Journal of Investment and Management. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 72-79. doi: 10.11648/j.jim.20200903.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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