Journal of Investment and Management
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 193-198
Received: Oct. 30, 2016;
Accepted: Nov. 10, 2016;
Published: Dec. 29, 2016
Views 2627 Downloads 172
Tanbir Hossain, Department of Economics, North Western University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Mohammed Ziaul Haider, Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Tourism can play an important role in accelerating the economic growth of Bangladesh. This study tries to address the tourism sector of Bangladesh from sustainability viewpoint. The study selects four tourist spots in the south-west region of Bangladesh to address the study objective and collects primary data from the tourists of the selected spots through using interview schedule. Accordingly, it tries to trace out the prevailing situation of the tourist spots. It also attempts to trace out the factors determining the probability of future trip generation towards the spots. The study findings indicate that travel time, travel cost and travel distance negatively influence the probability of future trip generation. Similarly, married people are less interested to revisit the tourist spots. However, environmental consciousness campaign and existing resource caring initiatives of the spot authority have a positive impact on trip generation possibility. An opinion survey reveals that the tourists value the prevailing resource caring activities and environmental consciousness campaign which attracts them to revisit the spots. However, the tourists poorly rank the ecotourism maintaining effort and pollution protective mechanism in the spots. Therefore, an integrated approach towards maintaining and uplifting the efforts towards sustainable tourism management might contribute towards long run stability of the tourism sector.
Mohammed Ziaul Haider,
Sustainable Tourism Development in the South-West Region of Bangladesh, Journal of Investment and Management.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2016, pp. 193-198.
World Travel and Tourism Council (2011). Travel & Tourism Impact-Bangladesh 2011 [Available at: http://www.wttc.org/research/economic-impact-research/country-reports/b/bangladesh/ (Accessed on 02 May, 2016).
Wiwattanakantang, P. and Toim, J. (2014). Tourist Satisfaction on Sustainable Tourism Development, Amphawa Floating MarketSamut Songkhram, Mahidol University, Thailand.
ICLEI (1999). Tourism and Sustainable Development. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Working Paper No. 3, Commission on Sustainable Development, New York, USA.
Eagles, P., Stephen, F., McCool, and Christopher, D. (2002). Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas, United Nations Environmental Program, Working Paper No. 8, Thanet Press Limited, UK.
Khomeriki, G. and Meladze, G. (2015). Resources and Threats of the Eco-Tourism Development in Georgia, American Journal of Environmental Protection, 4(3-1), pp. 180-185.
Ali, W. H. (2015). Indicators for Sustainable Development Strategies and Components of Tourism Regions in Egypt A Study of Alexandria and the Northwest Coast, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 3(2), pp. 39-52.
Nara, P. Mao, G. and Yen, T. (2014). Applying Environmental Management Policy for Sustainable Development of Coastal Tourism in Thailand, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 2(1), pp. 19-23.
German NGO Forum (1998). Environmental and Social Responsibility of Tourism in the Context of Sustainable Development, Forum of Environmental and Development, Bonn, Germany.
UNEP (2005). Making Tourism more Sustainable, World Tourism Organization, Madrid, Spain.
Fen, W. (2012). Compendium of Best Practices in Sustainable Tourism, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, UN.
Croitoru, L. (2007). How much are Mediterranean forests worth? Forest Policy and Economics, 9, pp. 536-545.
Lindhjem, H. (2007). 20 Years of Stated Preference Valuation of Non-Timber Benefits from Fennoscandian Forests: A Meta-Analysis, Journal of Forest Economics, 12, pp. 251- 277.
Brainard, J., Bateman, I. and Lovett, A. (2001). Modeling Demand for Recreation in English Woodlands, Economics of Forestry, 74 (5), 423-438.
Guha, I. and Ghosh, S. (2009). A Glimpse of the Tiger: How Much are Indians Willing to Pay for It?, Working Paper No. 39-09, South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE), Kathmandu [Available at:http://www.sandeeonline.org/uploads/documents/abstract/846_ABS_abstract_wp39.pdf (Accessed on 01 May, 2016).
Hanley, N. and Spash, C. (1993). Cost-Benefit Analysis and Environment, London: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
Majumdar, S., Deng, J., Zhang, Y. and Pierskalla, C. (2011). Using Contingent Valuation to Estimate the Willingness of Tourists to Pay for Urban Forests: A Study in Savannah, Georgia, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, pp. 275-280.
Mansouri, M., Badehian, Z., Adeli, K. and Vajari, K. A. (2014). Estimating the Recreational Value of Forest Parks Using Contingent Valuation Method (Case Study: Hassan Gavyar Forest Park of Noorabad City), TI Journals Agriculture Science Developments, pp. 201-205.
Zandersen, M. and Tola, R. S. J. (2005). A Meta-analysis of Forest Recreation Values in Europe, Working Paper No. 86, Research Unit Sustainability and Global Change (FNU), Hamburg, Germany [Available at: http://fnu.zmaw.de/fileadmin/fnu-files/publication/working-papers/WP_FNU_86.pdf (Accessed on 01 July, 2016).
Hotelling, H. (1949). Letter to the director of the national park service’ (Letter dated June 18, 1947), in Roy A. Prewitt (ed.), The Economics of Public Recreation: The Prewitt Report, Department of the Interior, Washington, D. C.
Hof, J. G. and King, D. A. (1992). Recreational Demand by Tourists for Saltwater Beach Days, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 22, pp. 281-291.
Dehlavi, A. and Adil, I. H. (2009). Valuing the Recreational Uses of Pakistan’s Wetlands: An Application of the Travel Cost Method, Working Paper No. 58-11, South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE), Kathmandu [Available at: http://www.sandeeonline.org/uploads/documents/publication/932_PUB_Working_Paper_58_Ali_Dehlavi.pdf (Accessed on 05 May, 2015).
Shammin, M. R. (1999). Application of The Travel Cost Method (TCM): A Case Study of Environmental Valuation of Dhaka Zoological Garden, International Union of Conservative of Nature (IUCN), pp. 1-19.
Alvarez, S. and Larkin, S. L. (2010). Valuing Ecological Restoration and Recreational Benefits in a Mountain Protected Area: The Case of Los Nevados National Park, Colombia, Journal of Sustainable Development, 3 (4), pp. 3-16.
Bharali, A. and Mazumder, R. (2012). Application of Travel Cost Method to Assess the Pricing Policy of Public Parks: The Case of Kaziranga National Park, Journal of Regional Development and Planning, India, 1 (1), pp. 41-50.
Raybould, M., Lazarow, N., Anning, D., and Ware, D. (2011). A Travel Cost Model of Local Resident’s Beach Recreation Values on the Gold Coast, Bond University, Australia, pp. 1-13.
Abdullah, N. M. R. (1995). Estimating the Benefits of Beach Recreation: An Application of the Contingent Valuation Method, Journal of Social Science and Human Development. 3 (2), pp. 155-162.
Musamba, E. B., Boon, E. K., Ngaga, Y. M., Giliba, R. A. and Dumulinyi, T. (2012). The Recreational Value of Wetlands: Activities, Socio-economic Activities and Consumers’ Surplus around Lake Victoria in Musoma Municipality, Tanzania, Journal of Human and Ecology, 37 (2), pp. 85-92.
BTB (2016). Bangladesh Tourism Board (BTB) Database [Available at: http://tourismboard.gov.bd/publications/statistics/ (Accessed on 29 October, 2016).