Please enter verification code
The Challenges of Measuring Scientific Research Productivity and Impact in Developing Economies
International Journal of Business and Economics Research
Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 109-116
Received: Mar. 10, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 24, 2020; Published: Apr. 23, 2020
Views 373      Downloads 161
Yassir Hussain, Qatar National Research Fund, Doha, Qatar
Laoucine Kerbache, Engineering Management and Decision Sciences, College of Science and Engineering, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, and HEC-Paris, Doha, Qatar
Article Tools
Follow on us
Scientific research is a difficult investment to measure. On the one hand, many developing countries around the world use scientific research as a mean to improve their economy and has found way to reduce their dependency on their natural resources. On the other, scientific research is an expensive endeavor. In this paper, we look at the different factors impacting scientific research and consider the relationship between governments and researchers, the impact of businesses on basic research funding, and the methods through which the performance scientific research is measured. This paper also considers the impact of scientific research funding measures on researchers’ careers and briefly discuss the common public research funding mechanisms around the world. We also discuss knowledge-based economy and Solow’s theory of economic growth and its later development made by Romer and some the elements that are not addressed by them. In this review, we have considered developing economies and the difficulties they face in moving away from their dependence on their natural resources towards become economies dependent on producing knowledge and implementing this knowledge into their business practices. This paper takes a closer look at the state of Qatar since it is a developing country trying to move away from its economy’s dependence on fossil fuel production to a knowledge-based economy.
Academic Research, Economic Impact, Knowledge Transfer, Academia-Industry Relations, Knowledge-based Economy
To cite this article
Yassir Hussain, Laoucine Kerbache, The Challenges of Measuring Scientific Research Productivity and Impact in Developing Economies, International Journal of Business and Economics Research. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 109-116. doi: 10.11648/j.ijber.20200903.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Tetroe, Jacqueline M., et al. Health Research Funding Agencies’ Support and Promotion of Knowledge Translation: An International Study. The Milbank Quarterly. 2008, Vol. 86, 1.
Bertuzzi, Stefano and Jamaleddine, Zeina. Capturing the Valued of Biomedical Research. Cell. March 24, 2016, p. 165.
Powell, Walter W and Snellman, Kaisa. The Knowledge Economy. Annual Review of Sociology. February 20, 2004, Vol. 30, pp. 199-220.
Nobel, The Committe for the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred. Economic Growth, Technological Change, and Climate Change. October 8, 2018.
National Institue of General Medical Sciences. Why Do Basic Research? National Institue of General Medical Sciences. [Online] April 22, 2011.
Casassus, Barbara. Put focus back on basic research, say science unions. Nature Research: science journals, jobs, information and services. [Online] September 03, 2014.
Remedios, Cris dos. The Value Of Fundamental Research. International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics. [Online] April 2000.
IJzerman, Maarten J. and Steuten, Lotte M. G. Early Assessment of Medical Technologies to Inform Product Development and Market Access A Review of Methods and Applications. s. l.: Applied Health Economic and Health Policy, 2011.
Hugget, Sarah and Goodchild van Hilten, Lucy. Why are so many researchers moving to Qatar? Elsevier | An Information Analytics Company | Empowering Knowledge. [Online] June 9, 2016.
van Dalen, Ryanne, et al. Public funding of science: An international comparison. The Hague: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, 2014.
Nature. Agencies must show that basic research is worth the investment. Nature. July 28, 2016, Vol. 535, 7613, p. 465.
Heller, Michael A. and Eisenberg, Rebecca S. Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research. Science. May 1, 1998, Vol. 280, 5364, pp. 698-701.
Budish, Eric, Roin, Benjamin N. and Williams, Heidi. Do firms underinvest in long-term research? Evidence from cancer clinical trial. September 2013.
Patients not patents: Drug research and development as a public enterprise. Gøtzsche, Peter C. December 2017.
Abu-Zidan, Fikri M. and Rizk, Diaa E. E. Research in developing countries: problems and solutions. International Urogynecology Journal. February 8, 2005, Vol. 16, 3, pp. 174–175.
Gold ER, Kaplan W, Orbinski J, Harland-Logan S, N-Marandi S. Are Patents Impeding Medical Care and Innovation? PLoS Medicine. January 5, 2010.
Bonaccorsi, Andrea, et al. Indicators on individual higher education institutions: addressing data problems and comparability issues. Research Evaluation. June 2007, pp. 66–78.
Rescuing US biomedical research from its flaws. Alberts, Bruce, et al. 2014, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Reardon, Sara, et al. US science agencies face deep cuts in Trump budget. Nature International Weekly Journal of Science. [Online] March 16, 2017.
Benderly, Beryl Lieff. Does the U.S. Produce Too Many Scientists? Scientific American. [Online] February 22, 2010.
Mason, Julie L., et al. Labor and skills gap analysis of the biomedical research workforce. The FASEB Journal. April 13, 2016, Vol. 30, 8, pp. 2673-2683.
Wise, P. H., et al. Risky Business: Meeting the Structural Needs of Transdisciplinary Science. The Journal of Pediatrics. December 2017, Vol. 191, pp. 255-258.
Institute of Medicine (US). Strengthening a Workforce for Innovative Regulatory Science in Therapeutics Development: Workshop Summary. National Center for Biotechnology and Information (NCBI). [Online] May 2012.
Murdock, Keelie Lyn Elektra and Koepsell, David. Principals, agents, and the intersection between scientists and policy-makers: reflections on the H5N1 controversy. Front. Public Health. August 5, 2014.
General Secretariat, Supreme Council of Health. Publications - National Health Strategy. [Online] May 2014. [Cited: February 25, 2018.]
General Secretariat For Development and Planning. Qatar National Vision 2030. Qatar National Vision 2030. [Online] July 2008.
Qatar National Research Fund. Vision & Mission. Qatar National Reserch Fund. [Online] June 12, 2017.
Qatar National Research Strategy (QNRS) 2012 and a Strategic Plan for Implementation Summary Version. Qatar National Research Fund. [Online] 2012. [Cited: May 23, 2017.]
Almeida, Celia and Báscolo, Ernesto. Use of research results in policy decision-making, formulation, and implementation: a review of the literature. Cadernos de Saúde Pública. 2006, Vol. 22.
dos Remedios, Cris. The Value Of Fundamental Research. International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics. [Online] July 11, 2013.
Qatar National Research Fund. Qatar National Research Strategy. Qatar National Research Fund. [Online] 2014. [Cited: May 23, 2017.]
The Report: Qatar 2016. s. l.: Oxford Business Group, 2016.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186