Factors Influencing Performance of Women Social Welfare Groups in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Mwitheria Women Group in Central Kenya
Science Journal of Business and Management
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 190-195
Received: Aug. 11, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 24, 2015;
Published: Sep. 2, 2015
Views 3823 Downloads 75
Anne Njoki Ngeretha, Department of Business Administration, Chuka University, Chuka, Kenya
Traditionally cooperation was a common component where communities formed groups to accomplish goals and also for mutual problem solving.Groups are a source of social satisfaction, source of status and respect, help in reducing boredom and improve employee performance. Women have formed many types of social welfare groups and many belong to more than one cohesive social economic unit. The study seeks to find out the factors that influence performance of social welfare groups formed by women in rural areas. From a population of 100 women belonging to a rural based welfare group, 73% of the population was able to provide the necessary datacollected within a period of two months during their meetings and a follow up in their homes. Since most women are semi literate, they were guided through the structured questions to facilitate adequate data and necessary clarification.From the findings it’s evident that social welfare groups are formed voluntarily (95%) and women derive economic benefits (82.2%) although money generated does not satisfy all their needs as indicated by 98.5%.The welfare groups are satisfied with the leadership (63%) specifically when they achieve the objective for which they are formed. Social groups playa significant role in psychological satisfaction where through synergetic effect it’s possible to cope with stressful situations.Social groups also help the government achieve its objective of uplifting the disadvantaged in the communities. The government assists these social welfare groups (98.6%) and this support should continue. Working in groups in rural areas leads to community cultural integration (98.6%), cohesion and is beneficial psychologically and economically hence their formation should be encouraged and monitored. It’s evident therefore that economic and social factors greatly influence formation of social welfare groups in rural areas. The government has to play a facilitating role of ensuring that social welfare groups are formed, operate within the legal framework and are able to meet their objective and attain overall community development. The government can also apply the tools of community development to improve economic security of its people by unifying business principles with social ventures.
Anne Njoki Ngeretha,
Factors Influencing Performance of Women Social Welfare Groups in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Mwitheria Women Group in Central Kenya, Science Journal of Business and Management.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2015, pp. 190-195.
Bladmines, H. (1991). A History of Criticism. Macmillan: London
Borg, W. R. & Gall, M. D. (1996). Educational Research: An Introduction. Longman: New York.
Gikunda, M.R, Abura O. G. & Njeru G.S. (2014). Social Economic Effects of Mpesa Adoption on the Livelihoods of People in Bureti Sub County, Kenya. Journal of Academic Research in Business andSocial Social Sciences. Vol.4, No.12.
Greenberg, J. & Baron A.R (2008). Behavior in Organizations. Pearson Education. New Jersey.
Government Printer. (2010). The Constitution of Kenya, 2010. Government Printer: Nairobi.
Hegar, H.K. & Hodgetts M.R (2005).Modern Human Relations. Thomson Corporation: India.
Kombo, D.K., &Tromp, L.A. (2006). Proposal and Thesis Writing, An Introduction.Nairobi. Pauline’s Publications.
Orodho, J.A. (2004). Elements of Education & Social Science Research Methods: Maseno, Kanezja Publisher.
Phillips R., & Pittman H., (2015). An Introduction to Community Development. 2nd Edition. New York.
Rudani, B.R. (2011). Management and Organisational Behaviour: Tata mc graw Hill.New Delhi.
Sarantakos, S. (1996). Social Research.Hampshire: Macmillan.
Steiner H.J, Alston P., Goodman R., (2007). International Human Rights in Context: Law, Politics, Morals. (3rd Edition). Oxford University Press. New York.
Government Printer. (2007).Kenya Vision 2030; Popular Version. Government Printer; Nairobi.
Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. In W. C. Borman,
D. R. Ilgen, & R. J. Klimoski (Eds.), Handbook of psychology (Vol. 12): Industrial and Organizational Psychology (pp. 333-375). New York: Wiley.
Odhoji, B. (1992). Traditional Bases of Sex Differentiation in Power Relations and Control of Resources: A study of the Karachuonyo Clan of Masumbi among the Luo in Controlling Social Death. Essay1’and Culture (pp39-59). Nairobi: Kenya Oral Literature Association
Ohillips. R. & Pittman, H.R., (2015).An Introduction to community Development: New York.
Smith, P. (1993). Feminist Jurisprudence. Oxford University Press.
Trochim, W. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base, 2nd Edition. Atomic Dog Publishing, Cincinnati, OH.
Wadsley, J., & Penn G.A., (2010). The Law Relating to Domestic Banking. 2nd Edition. Thomson Reuters: London.