Effects of Financial Literacy on Personal Financial Decisions among Egerton University Employees, Nakuru County, Kenya
International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 173-181
Received: May 15, 2017;
Accepted: May 24, 2017;
Published: Jun. 1, 2017
Views 2548 Downloads 124
Anne Wangeci Mwathi, Department of Accounting, Finance and Management Science, Egerton University, Nakuru, Kenya
Alex Kubasu, Department of Accounting, Finance and Management Science, Egerton University, Nakuru, Kenya
Nyang’aya Richard Akuno, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Management, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya
The current financial service market is complex and offers consumers a vast array of products and services to meet their financial needs. The degree of choice requires that consumers be equipped with the financial knowledge and skills to evaluate the options available in the market. Studies on the effects of financial on personal financial decisions indicate contradicting results. This study was carried out to establish the effect of financial literacy on personal financial decisions among Egerton University employees. The study was guided by the general objective of examining the effects of financial literacy on personal financial decisions. Specifically: to determine the effect of financial knowledge on personal financial decisions, to determine the effect of financial skills on personal financial decisions and to determine the effect of financial attitude on personal financial decisions. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consisted of all Egerton University employees consisting of top management, middle level staff who include technical, administrative and teaching staff and lower level staff. A sample of 320 respondents was determined using sample determination table. The target sample size determined was drawn proportionately from each management level. A random sample from each stratum was taken in a number proportional to the stratum’s size when compared to the population. Primary data was collected through structured questionnaires. Data validity and reliability was checked by pilot testing and by use of Cronbach Alpha (0.876). Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis with the help of Statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Findings revealed that financial knowledge and financial skills were significant in determining personal financial decisions while financial attitudes did not influence significantly personal financial decisions. Overall the effect of financial literacy was found to have a positive statistically significant relationship with personal financial decisions. The study recommendations include: Financial education on financial products available in the market especially on mortgage, stocks and shares and investment accounts; provision of financial education programs to employees to enhance their financial skills and concerted efforts to inculcate appropriate attitude to translate acquired financial skills into practice and decisions-making among the employees.
Anne Wangeci Mwathi,
Nyang’aya Richard Akuno,
Effects of Financial Literacy on Personal Financial Decisions among Egerton University Employees, Nakuru County, Kenya, International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2017, pp. 173-181.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Beal, D. & Delpachitra, S. (2003). Financial Literacy among Australian University Students. Economic Papers, 22, 65-78.
Chen, H. & Volpe R. (2002). Gender Differences in personal financial literacy among college students, Financial Services Review 11, 289-307.
Chen, H. & Volpe, R. (1998). An Analysis of Personal Financial Literacy among College Students. Financial Services Review, 7 (2): 107-128.
Fonseca, R., Mullen, K.., Zamarro, G., & Zissimopoulos, J. (2010). What explains the gender gap in financial literacy: The role of household decision-making. Rand. WR-762. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/2010/RAND_WR762.pdf
Hilgert, M. A, Hogarth, J. M, Beverly, S. G. (2003). Household financial management: the connection between knowledge and behavior. Fed. Reserve Bullet, 89 (7): 309–322.
Jappelli, T. (2012). Financial Literacy: An International Comparison. Network for studies on pensions, aging and retirement. Discussion paper 09/2010.
Kathuri, J. N. and Pals, D. A. (1993). An Introduction to Educational Research. Njoro: Egerton University Press.
Lusardi, A. & Olivia, S. M. (2007). Baby Boomer Retirement Security: The Roles of Planning, Financial Literacy and Wealth. Journal of Monetary Economics 54, 205-224.
Lusardi, A., & Mitchell, O. (2006). Financial Literacy and Retirement Preparedness: Evidence and Implications for Financial Education. Michigan Retirement Research Center. WP 2006-144.
Lusardi, A., & Mitchell, O. S. (2008). Planning and financial literacy: How do women fare? American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 98, 413-417.
Lusardi, A. (2008). Household saving behavior: The role of financial literacy, information, and financial education programs. NBER Working Paper 13824.
Lusardi, A. & Olivia Mitchell (2009), “How Ordinary Consumers Make Complex Economic Decisions: Financial Literacy and Retirement Readiness,” NBER Working Paper n. 15350.
Lusardi, A., & Mitchell, O. S. (2011). Financial literacy around the world: An overview. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, 10 (4), 497–508.
Mandell, L. (2007). Financial literacy of high school students. In J. J. Xiao (Ed.), Handbook of Consumer Finance Research (pp. 163-183). New York, NY: Springer.
Mercer (2006) Mercer Financial Literacy and Retirement Readiness Study 2006, Mercer Wealth Solutions, Australia, accessed 15/09/2014, http://www.mercerwelthsolutions.com.au/FinancialLiteracy/abouthestudy/flyoutnav/
Moore, D. (2003). Survey of Financial Literacy in Washington State: Knowledge, Behavior, Attitudes, and Experiences, Technical Report n. 03-39, Social and Economic Sciences Research Center, Washington State University.
Nyamute W. and Monyoncho M. J. K (2008). Effect of Financial Literacy on Personal Financial Management Practices: A case Study of Employees of Finance and Banking Institutions. Paper presented at African International Business and Management (AIBUMA) conference, Nairobi.