Major Causes of Organs and Carcass Condemnation and Financial Losses in Cattle Slaughtered at Adama Municipal Abattoir, Adama, Ethiopia
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 31-37
Received: Dec. 2, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 24, 2019;
Published: May 19, 2020
Views 80 Downloads 21
Bedaso Kebede, Animal Products, Veterinary Drug and Animal Feed Quality Assessment Center, Veterinary Drug and Animal Feed Administration and Control Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Mekdes Abay, Veterinary Drug and Animal Feed, Inspection Directorate, Veterinary Drug and Animal Feed Administration and Control Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Teshome Gunse, Field Veterinarian, Livestock and Fisheries Development of Sire District Office, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
Abattoirs play an important role in examining signs, lesions or specific diseases of surveillance of various diseases that have human and animal health importance. Surveillance at the abattoir allows for all animals passing into the human food chain to be inspected. Monitoring and other conditions at slaughter have been recognized as one way of assessing the disease status of the herd. Abattoir data can be a source of valuable information on the incidence and epidemiology of animal disease conditions, to estimate the financial losses incurred through the condemnation of affected organs. The study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 in Adama municipal abattoir, at Adama. The aim of this study was to identify the significant causes of organ condemnation and to estimate the magnitude of the direct financial losses attributed to the condemned organs from cattle slaughtered in the abattoir. Standard antemortem and postmortem inspection procedures were followed throughout the study. The antemortem inspection was carried out on arrival and in the lairage and abnormalities encountered was recorded, followed by postmortem examination through their identification number to detect gross abnormalities and aesthetic reasons that rendered each organ to be rejected from the domestic market. The estimation of financial losses is based on the annual slaughter capacity of the abattoir and considering the market average price of each organ. The study revealed that from a total of 384 slaughtered animals 63 (16.40%) were found to have signs of detectable abnormalities in the antemortem inspection. The clinical signs observed during an antemortem inspection from 63 animals were depression (5.46%), nasal discharge (4.68%), coughing (2.46%), lameness (1.56%) and local swelling ().18%). However, during postmortem inspection offal organs of slaughtered animals shown lesions and subjected to condemnation were liver (62.76%), lung (59.37%), and heart (9.37%). The identified microorganisms responsible for the condemnation of these organs in the study were fasciolosis (30.46%), hydatidosis (32.29%) and pericarditis (5.73%). The condemnation of this much organs resulted in a financial loss estimated to be 3,533,428.50 (ETB) or 152,763.862 USD annually. This study implies that high prevalence organ condemnation, particularly by parasitic infections. This warranties that awareness creation to animal owners on its animal husbandry management and animal health control measures like regular deworming.
Major Causes of Organs and Carcass Condemnation and Financial Losses in Cattle Slaughtered at Adama Municipal Abattoir, Adama, Ethiopia, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2020, pp. 31-37.
Abebe, G. 1995. Current status of veterinary education and health research in Ethiopia in Veterinary Medicine impact on health and nutrition in Africa. Proceeding of an international conference, Addis Ababa. Pp. 133-138.
Abunna F., Asfaw L., Megersa B., Regassa A. 2010. Bovine fasciolosis: Coprological, abattoir survey and its economic impact due to liver condemnation at Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42: 289-292.
Alembrhan A., Haylegebriel T. 2013. Major causes of organ condemnation and economic loss in cattle slaughtered at Adigrat municipal abattoir, northern Ethiopia. Vet. World. 6: 734-738.
Alton G., Lpeah D., Bateman, K., Mc Nab W. Berk, O. 2010. Factors associated with whole condemnation rates in provincially inspected abattoir in Ontario 2001-2007: Implication for food animal syndromic surveillance. BMC Vet. Res. 6: 42.
Amene, F., Eskindir, L. and Dawit, T. 2012. Cause, Rate and Economic Implication of Organ Condemnation of Cattle Slaughered at Jimma Municipal Abattoir, South-western Ethiopia. Global Veterinarian, 9: 396-400.
Berhe, G., Berhane K. and G. Tadesse, 2009. Prevalence and economic significance of Fasciolosis in cattle in Mekelle area of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41: 1503-1504.
Chabra M. B., Singla L. D. 2009. Food-borne parasitic zoonoses in India: Review of recent reports of human infections. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 23 (2): 103-110.
Clement, B. J., I. J. Alawa and B. L. Joseph, 2010. Six years survey of pathological conditions of slaughtered animals at Zango abattoir in Zaria, Kuduna state, Nigeria. Tropical Animal Health and production, 43: 127-131.
CSA, 2010: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Central Statistical Authority, Agricultural Sample Enumeration, Ethiopia.
CSA, 2013. Agricultural Sample Survey, Volume II. Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Pp: 1-10.
Food and Agriculture Organization, 1994. Manual of meat inspection for developing countries. FAO. countries. FAO. Production and Health, Pp: 119-359.
Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO. 2007. Manual on meat inspection for developing Countries. Animal and health production papers Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations: Edited by: Dr. Bedru Hussen, Mekele University, February 2007, Mekele, Ethiopia.
Genet M, Tadesse G, Basaznew B, Mersha C. 2012. Pathological Conditions Causing Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Their Financial Losses in Cattle Slaughtered in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. African Journal Basic Applied Science, 4: 200-208.
Getachew, E. W. 2008. Major diseases of export orienated livestock in export Abattoir in and around Ada’aliben Woreda, DebereZeit, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Haramaya University, Ethiopia. DVM Thesis.
Gracey, I. F., Collins, O. S. Huey, R. J. 1999. Meat hygiene, 10th ed. London: Bailliero tindall, Pp: 223-260.
Jatenie J, Mahendra P, Rahman T. 2014. Investigation into major causes of organs condemnation in bovine slaughtered at Adama municipal abattoir and their economic importance. Haryana. Veterinary. 53: 139-143.
Jobre, Y., Lobago, R. Tiruneh, G. Abebe and P. H. Dorchies, 1996. Hydatidosis in three selected regions of Ethiopia: An assessment trial on its prevalence, economic and public health importance, Review on Veterinary Medicine, 147: 797-804.
Kele, M., H. Tesfaye and Y. Getachew, 2010. Bovine fasciolosis: Prevalence and its economic loss due to liver condemnation at Adwa Municipal Abattoir, North Ethiopia. Ethiopian applied Sciences, 1: 39-47.
Kithuka, J. M., N. Maingi and F. M. Njeruh, 2002. The prevalence and economic importance of bovine Fasciolosis in Kenya: an analysis of abattoir data, Ondestepoort, Journal of Veterinary Research, 69: 255-62.
Mellau, L. S, Longa H. E, Karimuribu E. D. 2010. A Slaughter house survey of liver lesion in slaughter cattle, sheep and goats at Arusha, Tanzania.
Mezegebu, Y. 2003. Major cause of organ condemnation in ruminants slaughtered at Gonder Abattoir, North Western Ethiopia. DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Debre-Zeit, Ethiopia.
MOA, 2004. Budgeting & planning reports, summery of MOA, North Gondar zone, 1987-1988.
Okoli, I. C., E. C. Agoh, G. C. Okoli, G. C Idemi and D. O. Umesiobi, 2000. Bovine and Caprine Fasciolosis in Enugu State of Nigeria: Retrospective analysis of abattoir records (1983- 1997) and six-month prevalence study. Bulletin of Animal Health and production for Africa, 48: 7-11.
Phiri A. M., 2006. Common conditions leading to cattle carcasses and offal condemnations at three abattoirs in western province of Zambia and their zoonotic implications to consumers, Journal of South African Veterinary Association, 77: 28-32.
Raji, M. A., S. O. Salami and J. A. Ameh, 2010. Pathological condition and lesions observed in slaughtered cattle at Zaria abattoir. Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine, 1: 9-12.
Sariözkan, S. and Yalcin, C. 2009. Estimating the production losses due to cystic echinococcosis in ruminants in Turkey. Veterinary Parasitology, 163: 330-334.
Tadelle, T. and T. Worku, 2007. The prevalence and economic significance of bovine Fasciolosis at Jimma, Abattoir, Ethiopia, The Internet Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 3: 15-16.
Tolesa, T. and W. Tigre, 2007. The prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis at Jimma abattoir, Ethiopia. College of agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University.
Thrusfield, M., 2005. Determinants of disease. Veterinary epidemiology, 3 ed. Blackwell publishing, pp: 345-543.
Ogunrinade A. and Ogunrinade B. I., 1980. Economic importance of bovine Fasciolosis in Nigeria. Trop Animal Health Production. 12: 155-160.
Denberga et al., 2011. Major causes of organ condemnation and financial significance of cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora Abattoir, Northern Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria Journal. 7 (5): 487-490.
Nurit M., Zerihun H. and Serkalem M., 2012. Major cause of Liver condemnation and associated Financial Loss at Kombolcha Elfora Abattoir, South Wollo, Ethiopia. European Journal of Applied Sciences. 4 (4): 140-145.