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Prediction of Smoke Propagation in a Big Multi-Story Building Using Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS)
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 4-1, July 2015, Pages: 23-41
Received: Feb. 5, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 6, 2015; Published: Feb. 24, 2015
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Authors
Ahmed Farouk Abdel Gawad, Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Umm Al-Qura Univ., Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Hamza Ahmed Ghulman, Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Umm Al-Qura Univ., Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
In the present work, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique was used to predict the fire dynamics in a big three-story building. Important aspects of fire dynamics were investigated such as smoke propagation and temperature distribution. The study aims to decrease the fire hazards by computationally predicting the expected smoke movement in real-life conditions. Consequently, early evacuation plans can be established to save human lives by proper estimation of the smoke direction and density. Also, temperature rise has a potential effect on the safety of both humans and structures. Different factors were considered such as fire location, doors, and emergency openings. Important findings and notable conclusions are recorded.
Keywords
Fire Dynamics, Smoke Propagation, Computational Method, Unsteady Solution
To cite this article
Ahmed Farouk Abdel Gawad, Hamza Ahmed Ghulman, Prediction of Smoke Propagation in a Big Multi-Story Building Using Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), American Journal of Energy Engineering. Special Issue: Fire, Energy and Thermal Real-Life Challenges. Vol. 3, No. 4-1, 2015, pp. 23-41. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.s.2015030401.12
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