Anaerobic Digestion of Parthenium Weed with Goat Manure to Generate Biogas Energy
International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
Volume 9, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 35-40
Received: Jun. 3, 2020;
Accepted: Jun. 19, 2020;
Published: Jul. 30, 2020
Views 96 Downloads 49
Getu Hailu, Department of Biotechnology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Meseret Chimdessa, Departement of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
The aim of this study was to obtain the optimal Mix ratio for biogas production from anaerobic digestion of Parthenium weed and goat manure. The experiment was batch operated and daily gas yield from the plant was monitored for 30 days. The Parameters studied were total solids (TS) and volatile solids (VS), fixed solids, organic carbon, and moisture content. For the experimental design, different mix ratios were adopted for the five digesters employed. In this case, for the first digester, 100% goat manure was used. For the 2nd digester 75%GM and 25% PW were used. The 3rd digester was filled with GM and PW in 1:1 ratio. The 4th digester contained 25%GM and 75% PW. the last digester contained only PW. The gas production rate was measured on daily basis using water displacement method. Gas production was noticed in all of the substrates types from the second and third day of digestion and went to zero at about 28 days in all digesters. The experimental data shows a greatest gas output of 572.5ml of gas production in the mix ratio of 75%GM and 25% PW, suggesting this mix ratio of the two substrates is an optimal mix to yield the highest biogas production. All measured TS, VS, PH, organic carbon and moisture content were significantly varied between before and after AD. Overall results indicates that the biogas yield and VS and TS reduction can be significantly enhanced when GM and PW are co digested.
Anaerobic Digestion of Parthenium Weed with Goat Manure to Generate Biogas Energy, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering.
Vol. 9, No. 3,
2020, pp. 35-40.
Confalonieri U, Menne B, Akhtar R, Ebi L, Hauengue M, Kovats R, Revich B and Woodward, 2007. Human health. Climate Change. Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Karve AD 2005. Compact biogas plant-compact, low-cost digester for biogas from waste starch. http://www.bioenergylists.org/en/ compact biogas accessed: 10th Feb. 2009.
Rao PV, Baral SS, Dey R, Mutnuri S. 2010. Biogas generation potential by anaerobic digestion for sustainable energy development in India. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 14: 2086- 2094.
Vasudeo G (2005). Biogas Manure (BgM): a viable input in sustainable agriculture an integrated approach. International Seminar on Biogas Technology for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development, Beijing, China.
Tarisse A (2008). Natural gas consumption of Turkey and the strategic use of drought tolerant energy crops for biogas production. ESE-IERLyon III University.
Tesfaye Nigussie. 2007. study on anaerobic digestion of Chat wastes. MSc. Thesis, Addis Ababa University, AdisAbaba, Ethiopia.
El-Mashad HM, Zhang R, 2010. Biogas production from co-digestion of dairy manure and food waste. BioresourTechnol 101: 4021–4028.
Tchobanoglous, G., Theisen, H. and Vigil, S. 1993. Integrated Solid Waste Management Engineering Principle and Management Issues, 2nd, McGraw-Hill ISBN-10: 0070632375 pp: 978.
Knottier, M. 2003. Integration of biomass technology, organic farming and energy crops. The future of biogas in Europe 11, European biogas workshop. Denmark.
Thy, T. R. Preston and J. Ly, ―Effect of retention time on gas production and fertilizer value of bio digester effluent‖, Livest Res Rural Dev, Vol. 15, pp. 1-24, 2003
Macias Corrral, M., Samani, Z., Hanson, A., Smith, G., Funk, P., Yu. 2008. Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste and agricultural waste and the effect of codigestion with dairy cow dung. Bioresource technology 99: 8288-8293.
Nopharatana A., Pullammanappallil P. C. and Clarke W. P. 2007. Kinetic and dynamic modelling of batch anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste in a stirred reactor. Waste management. 27: 595-603.
Li R., Chen S. and Li X. 2009. Anaerobic codigestion of kitchen waste and cattle manure for methane production. Energy sources. 31: 1848-1856.
Yadvika, Santosh, Sreekrishnan, T. R., Kohli, s. and Rana. 2004. Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different technique: bio resource technology.
Ahn, H., Smith, M., Kondrad, S. and White, J. 2009. Evaluation of biogas production potential by dry anaerobic digestion of switch grass-animal manure mixtures. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnology., 160: 965–975
Eze J. I.; Agbo K. E. 2010. Studies on the microbial spectrum in anaerobic biomethanization of cow dung in 10m3 fixed dome digester. Int. J. Physical Sci. 5, 1331-1337.
Haug RT. 1993. The practical handbook of compost engineering. Florida: Lewis Publisher, 717 pp.
Speece, 1996. R. E., "Anaerobic technology for industrial waste waters"USA, Archae Press. Verma, S. 2002. Anaerobic digestion of biodegradable organics in municipal solid.
Verma, S. 2002. Anaerobic digestion of biodegradable organics in municipal solid.
Gerardi, M. H., 2003. The microbiology of anaerobic digesters. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Gunaseelan VN. Impact of anaerobic digestion of inhibition potential of Parthenium soids. Biomass Bioenergy. 1998; 14: 179–184.