American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 72-77
Received: Feb. 4, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 5, 2015;
Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 3259 Downloads 137
Sophia Barinova, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel
Viktor Gabyshev, Institute for Biological Problems of Cryolithozone SB RAS, Yakutsk, Russia
Mariyo Boboev, Khatlon Scientific Center Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Kulob-town, Tajikistan
Lali Kukhaleishvili, Tbilisi Botanical Garden and Institute of Botany, Tbilisi, Georgia
Olena Bilous, Institute of Hydrobiology of NAS of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
Bio-indication is only possible because algal communities respond to environmental changes in a consistent way. In particular, the vectors of algal changes over latitudes and altitudes are well correlated with respective climatic gradients. The relationships between biotic and climatic changes are insufficiently studied so far, but regularities are analyzable provided the adequate geographic scale. Thus the impact of seasonality requires ecological study of the aquatic object as a whole or a considerable part of it. For the gradient analysis of altitudinal changes the sampling data must cover a region of diverse relief, whereas latitudinal gradients are traceable of sizeable parts of continents encompassing different climatic zones. In our studies, the impact of temperature changes is invariably significant when revealed with the help of bio-indication analysis. In the boreal realm, algal development most typically show three seasonal peaks correlated with the dynamics of ice cover, whereas two to single peak are distinguished down the latitudes. The latitudinal dynamics is fairly obvious in the quantitative relationships between diatoms, green, golden algae, and Infraspecies-Species variability. With climatic stress ascending to the north, the role of diatoms, but in the high Arctic regions drops significantly. The Infraspecific variability index increases from 1.09 up to 1.42. To the south, over the mountainous areas of Tajikistan, Georgia, Mediterranean and India, diatoms consistently decrease over the altitudinal range 200 – 2500 meters, while the other algal groups betray a less significant variation. Such regularities are more obvious with statistical correlation of climatic variables and freshwater algal diversity. Thus the distribution of phytoplankton species in the rivers of Yakutia and Chukotka over the gradient of DHI index and the duration of the ice free period is controlled by sun light intensity in the first place, but also reflects variation in the climatic stress resistance, the most prominent in the case of diatom algae.
Algal Indication of Climatic Gradients, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 72-77.
Krassilov, V., Barinova, S. (2013). Sea level – geomagnetic polarity correlation as consequence of rotation geodynamics. Earth Science, 2(1): 1-8.
Krassilov, V.A. (2003). Terrestrial Palaeoecology and Global Change. Pensoft: Sophia, 464 pp.
Krassilov, V., Barinova, S., Rybnikov, S. (2014). Rotation Forcing of Tectonics and Climate. Earth Sciences, 3(3): 68-75. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20140303.11
Barinova, S. Nevo, E. (2012). Climatic and pollution impact on algal diversity of the freshwater ecosystems in Eurasia. In: Climate Change and Impacts. AcademyPublish.org, WY, USA: pp. 16-50.
Medvedeva, L.A., Barinova, S., Semenchenko, A.A. (2012). Use of Algae for Monitoring Rivers in the Monsoon Climate Areas (Russian Part of Asian Pacific Region). International Journal of Environment and Resource, 1(1): 39-44.
Barinova, S. (2011). Algal diversity dynamics, ecological assessment, and monitoring in the river ecosystems of the eastern Mediterranean. Nova Science Publishers, New York, USA, 363 pp.
Barinova, S.S., Kukhaleishvili, L., Nevo, E., Janelidze, Z. (2011). Diversity and ecology of algae in the Algeti National Park as a part of the Georgian system of protected areas. Turk. J. Bot., 35 729-774.
Barinova, S., Kukhaleishvili, L. (2014). Diversity and ecology of algae and cyanobacteria in the Aragvi River, Georgia. The Journal of Biodiversity. Photon, 113: 305-338.
Klochenko, P., Shevchenko, T., Barinova, S., Tarashchuk, O. (2014). Assessment of the ecological state of the Kiev Reservoir by the bioindication method. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 43(3): 228-236.
Barinova, S., Stenina, A. (2013). Diatom diversity and ecological variables in the Arctic lakes of the Kostyanoi Nos Cape (Nenetsky Natural Reserve, Russian North), Plant Biosystems, 147(2): 397-410. DOI:10.1080/11263504.2012.749956
Barinova, S., Keshri J.P., Ghosh S., Sikdar J. (2012). The influence of the monsoon climate on phytoplankton in the Shibpukur pool of Shiva temple in Burdwan, West Bengal, India. Limnological Review, 2(2): 47-63. DOI 10.2478/v10194-011-0044-y
Bilous, O., Barinova, S., Klochenko, P. (2013). Climatic influence on the phytoplankton communities of the upper reaches of the Southern Bug River (Ukraine). Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research. The Wetland Diversity, 15(2): 61-86.
Barinova, S., Gabyshev, V., Gabysheva O. (2014). Climate Impact on Freshwater Biodiversity: General Patterns in Extreme Environments of North-Eastern Siberia (Russia). British Journal of Environmental and Climate Change, 4(4): 387-407.
Barinova, S., Krassilov, V.A. (2012). Algal Diversity and Bio-indication of Water Resources in Israel. International Journal of Environment and Resource, 1(2): 62-72.
Barinova, S., Boboev, M., Hisoriev H. (2015). Climate impact on freshwater algal diversity of the South-Tajik Depression in a high mountainous extreme environment. Turk. J. Bot., 39(1), in press
Barinova, S., Naiz Ali, Barkatullah, Sarim, F.M. (2013). Ecological Adaptation to Altitude of Algal Communities in the Swat Valley (Hindu Cush Mountains, Pakistan). Expert. Opin. Environ. Biol., 2(2): 1-15. doi:10.4172/2325-9655.1000104
Barinova, S.S., Nevo, E. (2010). The Upper Jordan River algal communities are evidence of long-term climatic and anthropogenic impacts. J. Water Resource and Protection, 2: 507-526.
Barinova, S. (2013). Multilevel approach in biodiversity analysis of freshwater algae. Expert Opinion on Environmental Biology, 2(2): 1-2. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2325-9655.1000e106
Heywood, V. (2004). Modern approaches to floristics and their impact on the region of SW Asia. Turk. J. Bot., 28: 7-16.
ter Braak, C.J.F., Šmilauer, P. (2002). CANOCO Reference Manual and CanoDraw for Windows User's Guide: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4.5). Ithaca: Microcomputer Power Press.
ter Braak, C.J.F. (1987). The analysis of vegetation-environment relationships by canonical correspondence analysis. Vegetatio 69: 69-77.
ter Braak, C.J.F. (1990). Interpreting canonical correlation analysis through biplots of structural correlations and weights. Psychometrica 55: 519-531.
Novakovsky, A.B. (2004). Abilities and base principles of program module “GRAPHS”. Scientific reports of Komi Scientific Center, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences 27: 1-28. (In Russian).
Clarke K.R., Gorley R.N. (2001). PRIMER v5: User Manual/ Tutorial. PRIMER-E, Plymouth.
Barinova, S.S., Nevo, E. (2012). Climatic and pollution impact on algal diversity of the freshwater ecosystems in Eurasia. In: Climate Change and Impacts, AcademyPublish.org, Wyoming, U.S.A: pp. 16-56.
Krupa, E., Slyvinskiy, G., Barinova, S. (2014). The effect of climatic factors on long-term dynamics of phytoplankton, zooplankton and macrozoobenthos of the Balkhash Lake (Kazakhstan, Central Asia). Advanced Studies in Biology, 6(3): 115-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.12988/asb.2014.4523
Barinova, S.S., Bragina, T.M., Nevo, E. (2009). Algal species diversity of arid region lakes in Kazakhstan and Israel. Community Ecology, 10(1): 7-16.
Klymiuk, V., Barinova, S., and Lyalyuk, N. (2014). Diversity and Ecology of Algal Communities from the Regional Landscape Park "Slavyansky Resort", Ukraine. Research and Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences, 3(2): 9-26.
Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., Duro, D.C., Han, T., Berry, S. (2008). The development of a Canadian dynamic habitat index using multi-temporal satellite estimates of canopy light absorbance. Ecol Indicators, 8: 754–766. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2008.01.007.
Barinova, S. (2011). The effect of altitude on distribution of freshwater algae in continental Israel. Current Topics in Plant Biology, 12: 89-95.