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Life Characteristic of Сistanche Salsa (С.А. Мey.) G. Beck – Perspective Medicinal Plant of the South Peri–Balkhash Lake Saxaul Forests
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 111-116
Received: Feb. 4, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 5, 2015; Published: Jun. 25, 2015
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N. G. Gemejiyeva, Institute of Botany & Phytointroduction Ministry of Education and Science, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Zh. Zh. Karzhaubekova, Institute of Botany & Phytointroduction Ministry of Education and Science, Almaty, Kazakhstan
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The present study was carried out within the framework of grant financing of scientific surveys per subject: Restoration potential of producing vegetation of solonchak cistanche (Сistanche salsa (С. А. Мey.) G. Beck) in the South Peri–Balkhash Lake area (2012–2014). The survey object is perspective medicinal plant encountered within the South Peri–Balkhash Lake area solonchak cistanche of the Orobanchaceae Vent. family, which in Kazakhstan is produced only at the territories of Almaty and Zhambyl regions and then it is exported to Korea and China as raw stock for production of a number of pharmacologically active compounds having wide spectrum of effect such as hypertension, sexual vigor, antioxidant activity, where at present time, the producing areas and reserves in these countries have diminished. The life characteristic of this species was studied for the purpose of balanced use and preservation of natural populations of cistanche as perspective source for production of plant-based preparations of tonic and antioxidant effect. As a result of surveys, the peculiarities of distribution and floristic composition of vegetation communities including solonchak cistanche located within the South Peri–Balkhash Lake area totaling at least 48 species of plants of 16 families were identified. As per results of field surveys, the inventory and monitoring of producing areas of cistanche were carried out before and after raw stock production. The reserves of raw stock materials were calculated and schematic maps on distribution of identified producing areas of cistanche within the surveyed area were compiled. The total hydroalcoholic extracts were received and preliminary phytochemical screening of cistanche vegetable stock collected in 2013–2014 in the area was provided. The stolons of studied plant were found to contain main groups of biologically active compounds such as flavonoids, coumarines, carbohydrates, amino acids, organic acids, alkaloids, triterpenoids, saponins. The structures of two substances were extracted and identified.
Сistanche Salsa, Medicinal Plant, Kazakhstan
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N. G. Gemejiyeva, Zh. Zh. Karzhaubekova, Life Characteristic of Сistanche Salsa (С.А. Мey.) G. Beck – Perspective Medicinal Plant of the South Peri–Balkhash Lake Saxaul Forests, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 111-116. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.s.2015040301.27
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